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Upwork English Language

U.S. English Basic Skills Test 2016

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1. Which of the following sentences illustrates correct usage of articles and conjunctions?

Answers:

  1. Celine lives on Arthur Street; however, she works on Beatrice Boulevard.
  2. I would eat a peach every day if I could, nor the doctor told me I couldn’t.
  3. Will Gertrude play the piano or an harp at the concert?
  4. Although she is angry at them, neither her son and her father will be at the party.

2. Choose the series of verbs and phrases that best completes the following passage.

This dish _________ too spicy. Why __________ so much pepper?

Answers:

  1. is, did the chef have to use
  2. was, the chef is using
  3. is, did the chef use
  4. was, the chef used
  5. a and c

3. Choose the series of articles and conjunctions that best completes the following sentence.

Neither we ________ Sal, our neighbor, could understand ________ it had been our dog Rover or Sal’s cat’s kittens _________ had destroyed all the flower beds in the middle of _______ night.

Answers:

  1. nor, whether, that, the
  2. or, if, who, the
  3. and, whether, than, a
  4. nor, if, that, a

4. Choose the series of verbs that best completes the following sentence.

Alison regrets _________ you with her remarks; she never meant _________ so.

Answers:

  1. to hurt, doing
  2. to hurt, to do
  3. hurting, doing
  4. hurting, to do

5. Which of the following sentences is NOT punctuated correctly?

Answers:

  1. We expect only three things from our dog: loyalty, affection, and tail wagging.
  2. I need you to pick up several boxes of paperclips, pens, and pencils; three pounds each of potatoes, carrots, and peas; and my dry cleaning.
  3. Marcy, my parrot, squawked for an hour, before finally calming down.
  4. All of the above are punctuated correctly.

6. Which of the following sentences illustrates the proper use of apostrophes?

Answers:

  1. Helga borrowed her friend’s skates for the day; however, she failed to return them.
  2. Thousand’s of bargains are available during the holiday season, but I cant find time to shop.
  3. The koala bear closed it’s eyes and fell fast asleep.
  4. Although I like the Joneses, I’m angry at them for breaking all of Ralphs’ tools.

7. Which of the following sentences does NOT illustrate correct verb and verb tense usage?

Answers:

  1. These repetitive and misleading guidelines could easily be interpreted in several different ways.
  2. Clarabelle’s mother absolutely hated nicknames and always calls her daughter by her full name.
  3. The Imagist movement in poetry is commonly regarded as having begun in the early twentieth century.
  4. We all danced across the lawn and lifted Zoe above our heads in triumph.

8. Which of the following sentences illustrates incorrect pronoun usage?

Answers:

  1. The wet dog shook itself off, wagged its tail, and proceeded on its way.
  2. Don’t take the silver goblet out of its protective case or you’ll ruin it.
  3. You should wear that jacket to their wedding because it’s the nicest one you have.
  4. It’s not too late to answer their ad for a waitress, is it?
  5. None of the above

9. Which of the following sentences illustrate(s) the proper use of commas?

Answers:

  1. Randy wanted to end the meeting, but Amy wanted to prolong it.
  2. After pouring herself a glass of water in silence, Nicky answered my question.
  3. The committee, which had failed to come to a consensus decided to meet again on Tuesday.
  4. Mr. Bridges is never home on the weekends, he always goes to his home in the country.
  5. a and b
  6. All of the above

10. Choose the series of pronouns that best completes the following sentence.

Victor, who stole _______ ideas and used them to make _______ a millionaire, never once offered _______ a word of thanks.

Answers:

  1. our, himself, we
  2. their, them, himself
  3. your, us, you
  4. our, himself, us

11. Choose the series of prepositions that best completes the following sentence.

Although the issue was very serious, the committee disposed ______ it in a few minutes and moved _______ to other business.

Answers:

  1. onto, off
  2. of, away
  3. on, out
  4. of, on

12. Choose the series of prepositions that best completes the following passage.

Although Marvin said he had hidden the keys _______ the flower pot, we were unable to find them _______ the dark. In the end, we waited for him at the coffee shop ___________ the corner.

Answers:

  1. under, in, around
  2. in, with, at
  3. around, at, on
  4. beside, from, around

13. Rearrange the following words to create the most logical and grammatically correct sentence.

work . is always to brother willing not My

Answers:

  1. My brother is not willing to work always.
  2. My brother is not always willing to work.
  3. is not willing to work always My brother.
  4. My work is not willing to always brother.

14. Change the following sentence from a quotation to indirect speech.

“I’m not feeling well,” Agatha said.

Answers:

  1. Agatha has said that she doesn’t feel well.
  2. According to Agatha, she isn’t feeling well.
  3. Agatha said she wasn’t feeling well.
  4. Agatha says she isn’t feeling well.

15. Which of the following sentences illustrates proper sentence structure?

Answers:

  1. Everyone knows that a mango is much sweeter to an orange.
  2. I saw the girl with my own eyes who said she had been abducted by aliens.
  3. Either one of you should try and to fix their broken fence.
  4. The queen had hardly finished her speech when the people began to disperse.

16. Choose the verb that best completes the following sentence.

Do you know if Harlon ____________Japanese before moving to Japan?

Answers:

  1. has studied
  2. has been studying
  3. will have been studying
  4. will be studying

17. Which of the following sentences is NOT punctuated correctly?

Answers:

  1. All of the apple’s at the grocer’s were rotten, so I bought oranges instead.
  2. “Seven canteens full of water should be enough for the hike,” said Tabitha.
  3. Until the stove is fixed, there’s no way I can bake a lemon meringue pie.
  4. The woman, whose name escapes me at the moment, disappeared into the limousine.

18. Choose the series of prepositions that best completes the following sentence.

Jeremy drove his motorcycle _______ the bridge, _______ the hill, and _______ the diner before finally parking it _______ two police cars.

Answers:

  1. beside, among, behind, near
  2. beneath, over, under, on
  3. across, down, past, between
  4. under, around, through, into

19. Choose the series of prepositions that best completes the following sentence.

The deer ran quickly _______ the trees, its hooves pounding _______ the forest floor.

Answers:

  1. amid, from
  2. over, at
  3. through, on
  4. throughout, on

20. Which of the following sentences illustrates correct verb and verb tense usage?

Answers:

  1. Until the snow is melting, the train is not able to move.
  2. Until the snow does not melt, the train will not be able to move.
  3. Until the snow melts, the train will not be able to move.
  4. Until the snow will melt, the train will not be able to move.

21. Choose the series of articles and conjunctions that best completes the following sentence.

I think Fran could be ______ great public speaker, _______ she is still too shy to try it.

Answers:

  1. the, although
  2. a, but
  3. an, however
  4. a, and

22. Which of the following sentences illustrates proper sentence structure?

Answers:

  1. Walking down the street, my eyes were drawn to a diamond in a store window.
  2. A small red car pulled up behind the woman with tinted windows.
  3. The man in the black cape mounted his powerful stallion and rode away.
  4. The cats chased the birds around the yard with the yellow beaks.

23. Which of the following sentences illustrates the proper use of parallel construction?

Answers:

  1. Terry hoped to find a new job that would let him earn extra cash in the summer and to work fewer hours.
  2. Although Tommy was failing his biology class at college, he was passing his chemistry class.
  3. Trina loved to sail, skate, swim, and surfing.
  4. Tatiana declared that the people in her office are smarter than the people who work in Tad’s office.

24. Choose the series of pronouns that best completes the following sentence.

After realizing that our hosts hadn’t actually invited ______ to ______ party, ______ excused ______ from the table and slipped out the back door.

Answers:

  1. us, their, we, ourselves
  2. ourselves, theirs, we, us
  3. them, our, they, themselves
  4. us, our, we, himself

25. Read the following question and choose the response that uses the correct corresponding verb tense.

Does Jack wear that furry hat often?

Answers:

  1. No, he just liked to wear it for fun sometimes.
  2. Yes, but don’t said anything about it to him.
  3. Yes, and it can so annoying!
  4. No, he only wears it when his ears are cold.

26. Complete the following sentence by choosing the phrase with the best word order from the options given.

The excited children, who had run toward the loud _____________ .

Answers:

  1. music and then told the others about the ice cream truck outside
  2. music, are telling to the others about the ice cream truck outside
  3. ice cream truck to tell the others about the music outside
  4. music, told the others about the ice cream truck outside

27. Choose the series of verbs that best completes the following passage.

I find it very hard to remember _________ letters that are entrusted to me. In fact, I remember _________ to do so dozens of times!

Answers:

  1. to mail, forgetting
  2. mailing, to forget
  3. to mail, to forget
  4. mailing, forgetting

28. Choose the series of prepositions that best completes the following sentence.

Charlotte knew ___________ the secret investigation _________ her past, but she closed her eyes to it and pretended it wasn’t happening.

Answers:

  1. of, about
  2. on, of
  3. about, to
  4. of, after

29. Which of the following sentences illustrates correct verb and verb tense usage?

Answers:

  1. Did Annabel knowingly lie on the witness stand?
  2. We think the judge will have noticed something strange in her behavior.
  3. The lawyers had decided to keep her testimony a secret.
  4. Somehow, all of the newspapers gotten hold of the story.

30. Choose the series of adjectives and adverbs that best completes the following sentence.

I think Pamela deserves to be punished for her __________ stupid and __________ behavior.

Answers:

  1. irresponsible, totally
  2. totally, irresponsibility
  3. totally, irresponsible
  4. total, irresponsibly

31. Rearrange the following words to create the most logical and grammatically correct sentence.

with can’t phone . on Whenever always to the time spend I speak I my friend , him

Answers:

  1. Whenever I always phone on my friend to speak, I can’t spend the time with him.
  2. Whenever I spend time on the phone to him, I can’t always speak with my friend.
  3. Whenever I speak to him, I can’t always spend time with my friend on the phone.
  4. Whenever I can’t speak to him on the phone, I always spend time with my friend.
  5. Whenever I can’t spend time with my friend, I always speak to him on the phone.

32. Choose the series of articles and conjunctions that best completes the following sentence.

_______ she was feeling ill, Teresa wanted to eat only _____ apple _____ some soup.

Answers:

  1. Yet, the, or
  2. After, an, and
  3. Because, an, or
  4. If, a, and

33. Choose the series of pronouns that best completes the following sentence.

That house used to be ______ , but ______ have given it to ______.

Answers:

  1. my, I, her
  2. mine, me, her
  3. mine, I, her
  4. myself, she, her

34. Change the following sentence from a quotation to indirect speech.

“It may snow tomorrow,” he said.

Answers:

  1. He said it should snow tomorrow.
  2. He might say it will snow tomorrow.
  3. He says it may snow tomorrow.
  4. He said it might snow the next day.

35. Which of the following sentences illustrates correct usage of articles and conjunctions?

Answers:

  1. The cake that I ate was better that the one you had.
  2. An house is not the home, or so they saying goes.
  3. For my birthday, I would like a book, an hourglass, and the keys to a new boat.
  4. Has a package I’ve been waiting for been delivered yet, nor must I wait longer?

36. Change the following sentence from a quotation to indirect speech.

Rhonda says, “I get to work early every day.”

Answers:

  1. Rhonda says she gets to work early every day.
  2. Rhonda said she gets to work early every day.
  3. Rhonda has said that she got to work early every day.
  4. Rhonda says she had gotten to work early every day.

37. Read the following question and choose the response that uses the correct corresponding verb tense.

Did you see the show last night?

Answers:

  1. No, because by the time I got there all the tickets had already been sold.
  2. Yes, and it was one of the best shows I had ever seen.
  3. Yes, but my seat was behind a pole so I couldn’t barely see anything.
  4. No, but I am hope to see it tonight.

38. Choose the series of adjectives and adverbs that best completes the following sentence.

While __________ of our relatives live on the __________ hill in the county, __________ of our friends live in the __________ __________ areas of the valley.

Answers:

  1. more, windy, many, most, protection
  2. most, windier, more, most, protective
  3. many, windiest, most, more, protected
  4. many, winding, more, most, protected

39. Rearrange the following words to create the most logical and grammatically correct sentence.

last what ! it’s did you night, over After

Answers:

  1. After what night, it’s over you did last!
  2. After what you did last night, it’s over!
  3. over what you did last night, it’s After!
  4. After, it’s over what you did last night!

40. Choose the series of pronouns that best completes the following sentence.

_______ is the name of the opera, and _______ role did you say Maria would play?

Answers:

  1. This, which
  2. Who, that
  3. What, which
  4. Which, what

41. Which of the following sentences does NOT illustrate proper use of articles and conjunctions?

Answers:

  1. I thought about keeping an orangutan as a pet; however, my apartment complex does not allow exotic animals on the premises.
  2. Bertha decided to change a locks of her house after burglars stole a computer or an oil painting.
  3. After thinking about the problem for half an hour, Glen finally came up with a perfect solution.
  4. Arlene loves nature and the outdoors in general, yet she spends most of her time inside because of her job.

42. Choose the series of adjectives and adverbs that best completes the following sentence.

The helium-__________ balloon rose __________ into the air; the villagers knew then that their __________ leader was off on another mission.

Answers:

  1. power, powerful, powered
  2. powered, powered, powerful
  3. powered, powerfully, powerful
  4. powerful, powered, powerfully

43. Rearrange the following words to create the most logical and grammatically correct sentence.

days . for last has good weather few The been the not

Answers:

  1. weather for The last few good has not been the days.
  2. The good days has not been for the last few weather.
  3. The few days has not been good for the last weather.
  4. The weather has not been good for the last few days.

44. Which of the following sentences is punctuated correctly?

Answers:

  1. ‘Come here, she said, and let me get a good look at you.’
  2. Come here she said, and let me get a good look at you.
  3. “Come here,” she said. “and let me get a good look at you.”
  4. “Come here,” she said, “and let me get a good look at you.”

45. Change the following sentence from a quotation to indirect speech.

Carol has said, “I am responsible for this project.”

Answers:

  1. Carol has said that she is responsible for this project.
  2. Carol says she is responsible for this project.
  3. Carol said that she was responsible for this project.
  4. Carol had said that she would be responsible for this project.

46. Choose the phrase that best completes the sentence below without creating a run-on sentence.

Mr. Peach has sent his four children to Ivy League colleges __________ he has sacrificed his health working day and night in that dusty factory.

Answers:

  1. however
  2. ; however,
  3. , however
  4. however,

47. Choose the series of pronouns that best completes the following sentence.

Don’t ________ think Larry should call ________ wife if ________ is going to be late for dinner?

Answers:

  1. you, his, he
  2. we, your, his
  3. he, his, he
  4. you, his, himself

48. Choose the series of adjectives and adverbs that best completes the following sentence.

Knowing that February was the _________ month of the year, Cheryl planned her vacation ___________.

Answers:

  1. short, in accordance
  2. shortest, accordingly
  3. shorter, according
  4. shortness, accordion

49. Choose the series of prepositions that best completes the following sentence.

I placed my notes _______ my desk and referred to them _______ the meeting.

Answers:

  1. at, among
  2. beside, during
  3. with, at
  4. upon, around

50. Which of the following sentences illustrates correct pronoun usage?

Answers:

  1. Is those the set of plates the bride wanted, or did she want this set?
  2. Which of these glasses is half full—that one or this one?
  3. To whom did them give the gold medal?
  4. Whose book is that—his or our?
  5. None of the above

51. Choose the series of prepositions that best completes the following sentence.

Jack, leaning casually ________ the tree, watched as Sally walked slowly ________ him.

Answers:

  1. against, toward
  2. toward, against
  3. upon, past
  4. off, beside

52. Read the following question and choose the response that uses the correct corresponding verb tense.

Will you be going to the company picnic this year?

Answers:

  1. Yes, I will have always gone every year.
  2. No, unfortunately I didn’t have time this year.
  3. Yes, and I plan on swimming, fishing, and eating all day!
  4. I might go if I had known about it sooner.

53. Choose the series of verbs that best completes the following sentence.

Everyone __________ too busy cooking and __________ the campsite __________ the family of bears __________ from the woods.

Answers:

  1. were, setting up, to notice, watch
  2. was, set up, noticing, to watch
  3. is, setting, to notice, watching
  4. was, setting up, to notice, watching

54. Change the following sentence from a quotation to indirect speech.

“I can meet with you at noon,” said Peter.

Answers:

  1. Peter says he can meet with me at noon.
  2. Peter said he will meet with me at noon.
  3. Peter said he could meet with me at noon.
  4. Peter can meet with me at noon, so he said.

55. Choose the phrase that best completes the sentence below without creating a run-on sentence.

It’s never too late to learn how to swim ________________ you may fall off a boat!

Answers:

  1. , you never know when
  2. you never know when
  3. —you never know as
  4. ; you never know when

56. Complete the following sentence by choosing the phrase with the best word order from the options given.

Only after they had completed an exhaustive study __________ how to adapt the technology to the needs of our company.

Answers:

  1. did they understand to begin
  2. did they begin to understand
  3. they did begin to understand
  4. to understand did they begin

57. Choose the series of adjectives and adverbs that best completes the following sentence.

Of the two books, Sam’s is definitely the __________ ; however, even though Sandra’s didn’t turn out as __________ as expected, she still did a __________ job of writing it.

Answers:

  1. better, well, good
  2. best, good, good
  3. better, good, better
  4. best, well, well

58. Change the following sentence from a quotation to indirect speech.

“I will be moving soon,” said Alma.

Answers:

  1. Alma said she would be moving soon.
  2. Alma said she will move soon.
  3. Alma says she’ll be moving soon.
  4. Alma says she would move soon.

59. Choose the series of adjectives and adverbs that best completes the following sentence.

The archaeologists were ________ to discover such a __________ and __________ _________ artifact at that mostly uncovered site.

Answers:

  1. amazing, rarely, incredible, beautifully
  2. amazed, rare, incredibly, beautiful
  3. beautiful, rarity, amazingly, incredible
  4. amazingly, beautiful, rarely, incredible

60. Read the original sentence below and then choose the rewritten sentence that illustrates proper sentence structure.

ORIGINAL SENTENCE:
It is easy to carry solid objects, but the same cannot be said of liquids.

REWRITTEN SENTENCES:

Answers:

  1. Unlike liquids, solid objects are easy to carry.
  2. Unlike liquids, we can easily carry solid objects.
  3. Unlike liquids; solid objects can easily be carried.
  4. Unlike liquids, solid objects easy to be carried.

61. Complete the following sentence by choosing the phrase with the best word order from the options given.

Those who are not wise ____________ .

Answers:

  1. do not need be necessarily stupid
  2. need not necessarily be stupid
  3. need not to be necessarily stupid
  4. does not need to be necessarily stupid

62. Change the following sentence from a quotation to indirect speech.

Jerry said, “I saw my cousin at the fair.”

Answers:

  1. Jerry had said he’d seen his cousin at the fair.
  2. Jerry said he had seen his cousin at the fair.
  3. Jerry said he’d saw his cousin at the fair.
  4. Jerry says he saw his cousin at the fair.

63. Choose the series of adjectives and adverbs that best completes the following sentence.

The _______ , _______ odor was ________ coming from the chemistry lab up the street.

Answers:

  1. pungent, nastily, clearness
  2. pungently, nastily, clearly
  3. pungently, nasty, clear
  4. nasty, pungent, clearly

64. Choose the series of verbs that best completes the following sentence.

If Harry __________ to the party too early, don’t let him in; he __________ outside like everyone else.

Answers:

  1. gets, will have to wait
  2. got, waits
  3. gets, is waiting
  4. has gotten, must be waiting

65. Choose the series of prepositions that best completes the following sentence.

Whiskey, my pet squirrel, jumped ________ my head and ________ the windowsill.

Answers:

  1. over, onto
  2. through, into
  3. from, under
  4. into, onto

66. Rearrange the following words to create the most logical and grammatically correct sentence.

sleeping likes the . midday Katie until on weekends

Answers:

  1. sleeping Katie likes until midday on the weekends.
  2. Katie likes sleeping until weekends on the midday.
  3. Katie likes on sleeping until the midday weekends.
  4. Katie likes sleeping on midday until the weekends.
  5. Katie likes sleeping until midday on the weekends.

67. Choose the series of adjectives and adverbs that best completes the following sentence.

We were surprised when the ________ parade ________ turned into a ________ party!

Answers:

  1. dull, suddenly, wild
  2. duller, all of a sudden, wilder
  3. dullest, suddenly, wildest
  4. dull, sudden, wild

68. Choose the option that correctly changes the original sentence from active voice to passive voice.

ORIGINAL SENTENCE:
That tall man is carrying a lot of lumber.

REWRITTEN SENTENCES:

Answers:

  1. The tall man carries a lot of lumber.
  2. Is being carried by that tall man, the lumber.
  3. The lumber is carried by the tall man.
  4. A lot of lumber is being carried by that tall man.

69. Rearrange the following words to create the most logical and grammatically correct sentence.

would I have it anything if had . I you known said would not bother

Answers:

  1. Would I have not said anything if you had known it would bother I?
  2. I would not have said anything if I had known it would bother you.
  3. Had I known if it would bother you I would not have said anything.
  4. If I had known it would not bother you I would have said anything.

70. Change the following sentence from a quotation to indirect speech.

“Sharon must go to the bank today,” said Albert.

Answers:

  1. Albert says Sharon will have to go to the bank today.
  2. Albert said Sharon has to go to the bank today.
  3. Albert says Sharon must go to the bank today.
  4. Albert said Sharon had to go to the bank that day.

71. Choose the series of articles and conjunctions that best completes the following sentence.

Lilacs ______ violets are usually purple, ______ I have seen some ______ are white.

Answers:

  1. and, however, that
  2. or, yet, which
  3. and, although, that
  4. or, but, and

72. Choose the series of articles and conjunctions that best completes the following sentence.

Julia, who is studying to be _______foreign correspondent, is currently doing _______ internship in _______ Middle East _______ will return before the end of _______ year.

Answers:

  1. (no article required), an, the, but, the
  2. the, a, the, however, a
  3. a, an, (no article required), yet, a
  4. a, an, the, but, the

73. Rearrange the following words to create the most logical and grammatically correct sentence.

your company name ? of What the is

Answers:

  1. What is the company of your name?
  2. your company What is the name of?
  3. What is the name of your company?
  4. The name of your company What is?

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Upwork English Language

U.S. English AP Style Editing Skills Test (For Writing Professionals) 2016

Published by:

1. Which of the following sentences does NOT require editing to correct errors in word choice, word usage or spelling?

Answers:

  1. He told jokes for half an hour before finally homing in on the point of his lecture.
  2. The mayor really hit the nail on the head with his idea – it’s the idyllic solution.
  3. The court’s decision impelled the disgraced politician to hand over all his correspondence.
  4. Please ask the secretary to disperse some money from petty cash for the luncheon.

2. Which of the following sentences contains an error in grammar or usage?

Answers:

  1. Twenty top hats, 12 of which are covered in sequins, have been donated to the theater.
  2. Rhonda, who desperately needs a new car, has started skiing to work.
  3. Please compile a list of all the animals that are currently housed in the shelter.
  4. Robert is one of those people that can’t be depended upon to keep his word.

3. Choose the editing option that best corrects the underlined part of the following sentence.

If all goes according to plan, three years from now Agatha will win the election, help pass the bills closest to her heart and learn how to juggle a hectic career and family.

Answers:

  1. wins the election, helps pass the bills closest to her heart and learns how to juggle
  2. has won the election and helped pass the bills closest to her heart, and had already learned how to juggle
  3. will win the election and help pass the bills closest to her heart, and she will learn how to juggle
  4. will have won the election, helped pass the bills closest to her heart and learned how to juggle

4. Read the following sentence and identify the type of verb or tense error it contains.

If we decided to move venues, our production process would not be likely to suffer much as long as a system of checks keeps production tasks on schedule.

Answers:

  1. Subject-verb agreement error
  2. Modal verb error
  3. Incorrect use of past participles
  4. Unnecessary verb tense shift

5. Which of the following sentences does NOT require editing to correct a comparison error?

Answers:

  1. Ann thinks her sister’s peach pies are better than the bakery.
  2. Did I ever tell you that you complain more than anyone I know?
  3. We specialize in producing Belgian chocolates that contain 50% less fat.
  4. The symptoms of typhoid quite often resemble those of fever.

6. Read the following passage and select the line that contains an error in verb tense consistency.

Answers:

  1. Her photo has been on that piano for more than 20 years. I don’t have the courage
  2. to remove it because it had always been there — has always belonged there. And who
  3. knows? Perhaps it will still be there 20 years from now after I am long gone.
  4. No error

7. Identify the type of error contained in the following sentence.

Because I have an extreme allergy to nuts, I only ate the cake and not the pecan pie.

Answers:

  1. Dangling modifier
  2. Diction or wrong word choice
  3. Misplaced modifier
  4. Comparison

8. Choose the editing option that best corrects the underlined part of the following sentence.

The board of directors said that the company could move forward with the new plan without first seeking the approving of the foreign investors.

Answers:

  1. without first seeking the assent of the foreign investors
  2. without first seeking approval from the foreign investors
  3. without first seeking the approbation of the foreign investors
  4. whether or not they received the approving from the foreign investors

9. The following sentence is devoid of punctuation. Which of the given editing options turns it into a coherent, plausible sentence?

At last I met Dr. Sneeth the evil scientist who had caused such trouble for the city

Answers:

  1. At last I met the evil scientist Dr. Sneeth, who had caused such trouble for the city.
  2. At last I met Dr. Sneeth, the evil scientist who had caused such trouble for the city.
  3. At last I met Dr. Sneeth, the evil scientist, who had caused such trouble for the city.
  4. I met Dr. Sneeth — at last! — the evil scientist who had caused such trouble for the city.
  5. All of the above are acceptable; the final choice would depend on the author’s intention.

10. Read the following passage and select the option that illustrates the best course of action for an editor to take.

1)Knowing she had no right for privacy as long
2)as she stayed in the convent, Marta hid her forbidden
3)diary in the secret compartment she’d discovered
4)besides the confessional in the chapel.

Answers:

  1. Edit lines (1) and (4) for preposition usage.
  2. Edit lines (2) and (3) for pronoun usage.
  3. Edit line (3) for verb tense.
  4. This passage does not need editing.

11. Read the following sentence and identify the grammar or usage error it contains.

The forthcoming community celebration in Nashville has many surprises in store for whomever arrives before 9 a.m. and finds one of the 15 golden tickets hidden in the haystack.

Answers:

  1. The time should be formatted as “9:00 a.m.”
  2. The verb “has” should be changed to “will have had.”
  3. The correlative pronoun “whomever” should be “whoever.”
  4. There should be a comma after “tickets.”

12. Read the following sentence and identify the style error it contains.

The flu shots were given to over a hundred people by the nursing staff in just six hours.

Answers:

  1. The word “six” should not be spelled out.
  2. The sentence is in passive voice and should be recast into active voice.
  3. The figure “hundred” should be written as “100”.
  4. The phrase “flu shots” should be changed to “shots for influenza.”

13. Choose the series of verb forms that best completes the following passage.

A doctor at the Metropolitan Clinic in Chicago claims that if women ________ and ________, their children _________ less likely to develop lung diseases.

Answers:

  1. gave up smoking / ate a healthy diet / would be
  2. give up smoking / ate a healthy diet / will be
  3. give up smoking / eat a healthy diet / are

14. Read the following passage and identify the line that contains an error in agreement or parallel structure:

That boat has cost us a fortune so far: more than $25,000 to repair the hull after the hurricane; $10,000 upgrading the interior; and $5,000 to keep it docked for the summer. What do you say we get rid of it and buy a beach cottage?

Answers:

  1. That boat has cost us a fortune so far: more than $25,000 to repair the hull
  2. after the hurricane; $10,000 upgrading the interior; and $5,000 to keep it docked
  3. for the summer. What do you say we get rid of it and buy a beach cottage?
  4. No error

15. Which of the following sentences requires editing to correct an error in parallel structure?

Answers:

  1. We applauded him not only for admitting his serious offenses and helping the police, but also for expressing his sincere regret for the pain he had caused.
  2. The merger led to restructuring the internal systems, redefining the roles of each department and realigning the company’s goals with those of its parent company.
  3. According to a recent survey, the average French woman speaks two languages, marries and divorces twice in her lifetime and drinks 17 gallons of wine a year.
  4. “This is a time not for words, but action!” roared the candidate.

16. Which of the following sentences requires editing to correct grammar or usage errors?

Answers:

  1. I have hundreds of books. Would you please bring me the book that is on the table?
  2. Harry’s only dog, Snookie, left one bright morning and never came back.
  3. Our new lawn ornament, which arrived this morning, is just as tacky as the garden gnomes.
  4. He took his daughter Sarah to school and his daughter Margie to work.
  5. All of the sentences are correct.

17. Read the following passage and select the option that illustrates the best course of action for an editor to take.

I was shocked to learn of our congressman’s arrest. Correct me if I’m wrong, but didn’t he run on a platform of “family values?”

Answers:

  1. Place the question mark in the second sentence outside the quotation marks.
  2. Put the apostrophe in “congressman’s” after the final “s.”
  3. Delete the comma in the second sentence.
  4. This passage is correct; the editor should take no action.

18. Which of the following sentences does NOT require editing to correct the unnecessary use of passive voice?

Answers:

  1. The Nobel Peace Prize was received joyously by the president.
  2. His supporters were so pleased, they began a party in the square that raged all night.
  3. The spectacle was watched by the town’s entire population.
  4. When dawn broke, handcuffs were put on several revelers by the police.

19. Which of the following sentences does NOT require editing to correct a modifier usage error?

Answers:

  1. Claire accidentally dropped the crate on Chad’s foot with her barbells in it.
  2. Swinging wildly through the trees, the spectators were delighted by the monkeys.
  3. Petra wanted only one raspberry parfait, but Pedro insisted on giving her three.
  4. I heard that my coworkers planned to throw a birthday party for me while I was standing outside the door.

20. Read the following sentence and select the option that illustrates the best course of action for an editor to take.

A recent study by a team of sociologists at Johns Hopkins University confirmed that the average female moviegoer expects to see at least three romantic scenes per film, and that they are seldom disappointed.

Answers:

  1. Change all verbs to the present tense.
  2. Edit the name of the university for missing apostrophes.
  3. Edit “and that they are seldom disappointed” to correct error in pronoun-antecedent agreement.
  4. This sentence is correct; the editor should take no action.

21. Which of the following sentences does NOT require editing to correct errors in punctuation?

Answers:

  1. Oliver, Doris’s younger brother, asked me, “Would you come with me”? I nodded my head; however, I didn’t want to go with him.
  2. Oliver, Doris’ younger brother, asked me, “Would you come with me?” I nodded my head, however; I didn’t want to go with him.
  3. Oliver, Doris’s younger brother, asked me, “Would you come with me?” I nodded my head, however, I didn’t want to go with him.
  4. Oliver, Doris’ younger brother, asked me, “Would you come with me?” I nodded my head; however, I didn’t want to go with him.

22. Read the following sentence and choose the option that shows the part of the sentence that should be edited to eliminate redundancy.

Participants were informed that the rally scheduled for 9 a.m. in the morning had been canceled.

Answers:

  1. Participants were informed
  2. that the rally scheduled
  3. for 9 a.m. in the morning
  4. had been canceled
  5. No correction required

23. Read the following sentence and choose the option that shows the part of the sentence that should be edited to eliminate redundancy.

Reps. Smith and Brown urged fellow legislators to address the need for money for school funding.

Answers:

  1. Reps. Smith and Brown urged
  2. fellow legislators to address
  3. the need for money for school funding.
  4. No correction required

24. Which of the following sentences does NOT require editing to correct errors in word choice, word usage or spelling?

Answers:

  1. Lie the gun on the table and take three steps back.
  2. The reason the witness was late is because his lawyer gave him the wrong room number.
  3. Angela was pleased to discover that profit-sharing was part of her compensation package.
  4. Union troops ravished Atlanta, leaving nothing but burning embers in their wake.

25. Choose the series of verb forms that best completes the following passage.

If any club member _____________ suggest that he was not against opening membership to women but only against allowing them early tee times, he ____________ shouted out of the room.

Answers:

  1. had dared to / will be
  2. dares to / is being
  3. dared / would be
  4. would have dared / would have been

26. Read the following passage and select the option that illustrates the best course of action for an editor to take.
The news of the avalanche shocked the citizens of our little town. Fortunately, however, Sven was the only one of the skiers who were injured in the incident.

Answers:

  1. Correct the spelling error in the first sentence.
  2. Delete the comma after “Fortunately.”
  3. Delete “Sven was” and insert “was Sven” after “incident.”
  4. Change “were” to “was” in the second sentence to correct an error in subject-verb agreement.

27. Which of the following sentences requires editing to correct errors in verb tense?

Answers:

  1. Had they asked you sooner, would you have joined them on the campaign trail?
  2. You never would have believed them if they had asked you to join them on their travels along the campaign trail.
  3. I don’t think you could have resisted the temptation if they had asked you to join them on the campaign trail.
  4. If they had forced you to go with them on the campaign trail, do you think you would have fun?
  5. When they asked you to join them on the campaign trail, did you hesitate or accept the invitation right away?

28. Read the following sentence and identify the style error it contains.

Many people in the United States are awaiting the report from the U.N. inspectors.

Answers:

  1. “United States” should be abbreviated.
  2. “U.N.” should be spelled out.
  3. “awaiting” should be “waiting for.”
  4. There are no style errors in the sentence.

29. Choose the editing option that best corrects the underlined part of the following sentence.

After an entire day of experimenting with new medications, the patient was sorry to report that her migraine was as bad today as yesterday.

Answers:

  1. was as bad today just as it was yesterday
  2. was as bad today as it was yesterday
  3. was worse today than it had been yesterday
  4. is as bad today as yesterday
  5. This sentence is correct; the editor should take no action.

30. Read the following sentence and identify the style error it contains.

As part of the new incentive program instituted in the second quarter, each sales employee was asked to forecast his own contribution to each period’s total profit and, based on that amount, to assign himself a year-end bonus.

Answers:

  1. The word “amount” should be “number.”
  2. The ordinal “second” should be written as “2nd.”
  3. The passage’s use of pronouns assumes maleness when both sexes may be involved.

31. Which of the following sentences contains an error in grammar or usage?

Answers:

  1. Had I known about the prize, I might have bought a raffle ticket.
  2. Perhaps you should of thought of the consequences before picking a fight with that bully.
  3. Congressional leaders and White House staff plan to discuss a compromise.
  4. If I were you, I’d think twice about joining those protesters.

32. The moment had arrived for the intern to begin his first solo operation and he couldn’t barely contain his excitement. Having been anesthetized, the new surgeon made his first incision into the patient.

Answers:

  1. Edit the first sentence to correct the double negative.
  2. Delete the comma after “anesthetized” in the second sentence.
  3. Insert a comma after “operation” in the first sentence.
  4. Recast the last sentence to correct the dangling modifier.
  5. c and d
  6. a and d

33. Which of the following sentences requires editing to correct grammar or usage errors?

Answers:

  1. Who are they speaking about so glowingly?
  2. The position will be given to whomever the commissioner deems worthy.
  3. Whoever baked these cookies deserves a medal.
  4. Who do you think will actually arrive by 6 a.m.?

34. Which of the following sentences does NOT require editing to correct grammar or usage errors?

Answers:

  1. By the end of the week, each of the employees had voiced their opinion on the change.
  2. I knew it was Bob that let his car alarm blare all night.
  3. After the accident, Justine has been unable to resume her teaching again.
  4. It will require careful planning to create systems of protection against future hurricanes.

35. Read the following sentence and select the option that illustrates the best course of action for an editor to take.

Happiness has always and will always be an elusive element in my life.

Answers:

  1. Set off the phrase “and will always” with commas.
  2. Change “has always” to “has always been” to correct the parallel structure of the first clause.
  3. Enclose “Happiness” in quotation marks to show its status as a concept.
  4. Change “elusive” to “illusive” to correct diction error.

36. Choose the series of adjectives that best completes the following sentence.

We have no doubt that the senator’s meeting of “goodwill” with our arch rival will be accompanied by _________ clandestine deal for lucrative building contracts and ________ talk of future collaborations.

Answers:

  1. some / secret
  2. any / secretive
  3. every / secreted
  4. each / secret

37. Which of the following sentences does NOT require editing to correct errors in word choice, word usage or spelling?

Answers:

  1. We racked our brains to come up with a solution to the problem.
  2. For all intensive purposes the case is closed.
  3. The mysterious letter inferred that my wife was having an affair with the butler.
  4. The police chief kept his eye on the growing amount of protesters outside the mayor’s office.
  5. The room could barely acommodate the throng of happy revelers.

38. Read the following passage and identify the punctuation error it contains.

I asked Jamie if she had read Zinn’s A People’s History of the United States.
“Yes,” she replied, “and I must say it’s the most eye-opening history book I’ve read in some time.”

Answers:

  1. There should be a period after “replied,” and the following “and” should be capitalized.
  2. The apostrophe in “People’s” should be eliminated.
  3. The book title should be written in italics.
  4. The period in the second sentence should go outside the quotations marks.

39. Read the following passage and select the option that illustrates the best course of action for an editor to take.

1)So the guy breaks into our house, steals our stuff and
2)then slips on the ice in the driveway on his way out,
3)breaking his ankles. And guess what? He hit us with a
4)personal injury suite. Isn’t that the most ridiculous
5)tragedy of justice you ever heard of?

Answers:

  1. Edit lines (1) and (2) for comma usage errors.
  2. Edit line (4) for spelling error.
  3. Edit line (5) for word choice error.
  4. b and c

40. Read the following passage and select the option that illustrates the best course of action for an editor to take.

1)Why, Helen wondered, did I ever show my face in Troy?
2)There’s been nothing but infighting, death and destruction
3)— not to mention the cost of launching those thousand
4)ships. My choice is clear: I’m moving to Cleveland.

Answers:

  1. Edit lines (1) and (2) for overuse of commas.
  2. Edit line (2) for spelling.
  3. Edit line (3) for use of em dash.
  4. Edit line (4) for capitalization and use of colon.
  5. This passage is correct; the editor should take no action.

41. Choose the series of verb forms that best completes the following passage.

Our voyage would have been a different and much duller experience _________ for the family of dolphins that _________ the ship from Mallorca to Malta.

Answers:

  1. would it not have been / followed
  2. if it wasn’t / had followed
  3. had it not been / followed
  4. except / were following

42. Which of the following sentences requires editing to correct an error in modifier usage?

Answers:

  1. Mr. Hoffman or his assistants are ready to help you with the new editing software.
  2. Every salesperson, according to the latest report, has underperformed this quarter.
  3. Living on the first floor, many strange objects rain down from the eighty-two floors above.
  4. The truck closely followed the car, which was towing a boat.

43. Read the following sentence and identify the type of grammar or usage error it contains.

The differences in the two committees had finally reached an insurmountable level; each wanted to delve in the problem more deeply, but neither wanted to cooperate among the other.

Answers:

  1. Errors in pronoun usage and agreement
  2. Incorrect placement of adjectives and adverbs
  3. Incorrect use of coordinating and subordinating conjunctions
  4. Errors in preposition usage

44. The following sentence is devoid of punctuation. Which of the given editing options turns it into a coherent, plausible sentence?

The question is Mr. Wellington said Arthur whether you intend to pay your creditors

Answers:

  1. Arthur said, “The question is Mr. Wellington, whether you intend to pay your creditors.”
  2. “The question is, Mr. Wellington,” said Arthur, “whether you intend to pay your creditors.”
  3. “Mr. Wellington,” said Arthur: “The question is whether you intend to pay your creditors.”
  4. “The question, Mr. Wellington, is whether you intend to pay your creditors,” said Arthur.
  5. b and d

45. Read the following sentence and identify the type of error it contains.

Although the critic did not like so-called chick flicks, she had to admit that “The Devil Wears Prada” was far away the best film of the genre she’d seen.

Answers:

  1. Illogical comparison
  2. Incorrect idiom usage
  3. Incorrect use of quotation marks
  4. Verb tense shift

46. Read the following passage and identify the style error it contains.

Of the two control groups, a significant number of those in Group A scored 74%, which was higher than the median score of 66% of those in group B. Both groups had similar standard deviations of 8.3% and 7.9%, respectively.

Answers:

  1. All “%” signs should be spelled out as “percent.”
  2. The passage contains an inconsistency in capitalization.
  3. Statistics should be placed in a table.
  4. a and b
  5. a and c

47. Read the following sentence and choose the option that shows the part of the sentence that should be edited to eliminate redundancy.

The board said it would postpone its decision about appointing a superintendent until later.

Answers:

  1. The board said
  2. it would postpone its decision
  3. about appointing a superintendent
  4. until later.
  5. No correction required

48. Which of the following sentences does NOT require editing to correct an error in subject-verb agreement?

Answers:

  1. He drank a fifth of whiskey after two-fifths of his vineyard was destroyed in the flood.
  2. The study on drug abuse showed that the number of teenage victims are increasing every year.
  3. Neither of my brothers, who are more artistic by nature, are particularly interested in sports.
  4. The assistants, but not the manager, has decided not to come in over the weekend.

49. Read the following passage and select the option that illustrates the best course of action for an editor to take.

Outsourcing our accounting and collections tasks has really laid credence to our company. Our customers now perceive us to be bigger than we are and are certainly put hard to ignore their outstanding invoices.

Answers:

  1. Edit the first sentence to correct the error in word choice.
  2. Edit the second sentence to correct the idiomatic error.
  3. Recast the second sentence for parallel structure.
  4. a and b
  5. a and c

50. Which of the following sentences contains an error in grammar or word usage?

Answers:

  1. The media are apparently united in their efforts to slander the candidate.
  2. We were inundated with memoranda from the managing director.
  3. Petra, an alumna of Harvard, engaged in some good-natured rivalry with her brothers, alumni of Yale.
  4. The department chair spent three weeks sifting through the various curricula submitted by the faculty members.

51. Choose the series of verb forms that best completes the following passage.

If Sen. Hannibal ________ control his anger just a touch more, he ________ find that people react to him more positively.

Answers:

  1. can learn to / ought to
  2. could learn to / would
  3. learned to / should
  4. can learn to / shall

52. Read the following sentence and identify the style error it contains.

253 students attended the rally on Nov. 23. Of those present, 56 percent belonged to the freshman class, 12 percent to the sophomore class and two percent to the junior class.

Answers:

  1. The number “253” should be spelled out because it is at the beginning of the sentence.
  2. The month “Nov.” should be spelled out instead of abbreviated.
  3. The words “freshman,” “sophomore” and “junior” should be capitalized.
  4. The phrase “two percent” should be written “2 percent.”
  5. a and c
  6. a and d

53. Read the following passage (options) and select the line that contains an error in grammar or usage.

Answers:

  1. We expect only three things from our camp
  2. counselors: Loyalty, enthusiasm and the desire to help
  3. people in need. If those simple things are not in your repertoire,
  4. please don’t apply to our program.

54. Read the following passage and select the line that contains a grammar or usage error.

Answers:

  1. Whether Steve is aware of it or not,
  2. today is the anniversary of us packing up the
  3. house and hightailing it to Canada. If I were
  4. you, I wouldn’t remind him of it.

55. Choose the series of words or phrases that best completes the following sentence.

________ agreed that ________ of our precautions would be useless once the temperature dropped to _________.

Answers:

  1. Every one / everyone / -30°
  2. Everyone / every one / minus 30°
  3. Everyone / everyone / minus 30°
  4. Everyone / every one / -30°

56. Choose the editing option that best corrects the underlined part of the following sentence.

It’s easy to see that the coach has still not decided whether to contest the final score, despite brooding over it for quite some time.

Answers:

  1. despite he brooded over it for quite some time
  2. despite having brooded over it for quite some time
  3. despite that he had been brooding over it for quite some time
  4. despite that he broods over it all the time

57. Read the following passage and identify the punctuation error it contains.

Delilah’s 20-page tale of derring do delighted the dignitaries who stamped their feet in approval. Reading from a dais draped in crepe, she felt like a modern day Scheherazade.

Answers:

  1. The phrases “derring do” and “modern day” should be hyphenated.
  2. A comma must be inserted after “dignitaries.”
  3. The phrase “20-page” should not be hyphenated.
  4. Delete the comma after “crepe.”
  5. a and d
  6. a and b

58. Choose the series of words or phrases that best completes the following passage.

Through the complete failure of all our _________ events, we have learned that _______ is extremely difficult. Perhaps we should consider hiring a professional _________ to help us.

Answers:

  1. fund raising / fundraising / fund raiser
  2. fund-raising / fund raising / fund-raiser
  3. fundraising / fundraising / fundraiser
  4. fund raising / fund-raising / fund-raiser

59. All but one of the following sentences require editing to correct passive voice, wordiness or redundancy. Consider the underlined phrases, and then select the sentence that does NOT require editing.

Answers:

  1. Although we were sure that danger lurked around every corner, in actual fact, the danger was all in our heads.
  2. We couldn’t understand the surprise that was felt by everyone when our candidate won the election.
  3. We heard that Rep. Nordstrom has more than $1 million available in cash, yet he won’t give his children a dollar even when they beg for it.
  4. Amanda, who just received her master of arts degree, hasn’t started interviewing as of yet.

60. Which of the following sentences requires editing to correct errors in punctuation?

Answers:

  1. You’ve been my best friend for years; however, seeing as you cannot afford to lend me any more money, I think it’s time to end our relationship.
  2. As I listened to the scraping of the shovel on the asphalt, I was reminded of my cousin Bob’s and my father’s singing voices.
  3. The two faced each other in silence, each one thinking the other a two-faced coward.
  4. I just adore this carnivorous plant, which by the way was a gift from your mother.

61. Read the following passage and select the option that illustrates the best course of action for an editor to take.

1)Even though Alison spends a lot of time complaining,
2)bemoaning her fate and wishing that her circumstances
3)are not quite so reduced, we are pretty sure that she is
4)grateful for everything she has.

Answers:

  1. Edit lines (1) and (4) for pronoun-antecedent agreement.
  2. Edit line (2) for verb tense consistency.
  3. Edit lines (1) and (3) to correct errors in diction and idiomatic expressions.
  4. Edit line (3) to correct error in present tense vs. past subjunctive mood.

62. Choose the editing option that best corrects the underlined part of the following sentence.

To maintain a healthy body and mind, one must exercise, eat fruits and vegetables and refrain from cigarettes and drinking alcohol.

Answers:

  1. refrain from smoking cigarettes and drinks.
  2. refrain from smoking and drinking alcohol.
  3. refrain from smoking cigarettes and drinking alcohol.
  4. refrain from cigarettes and drinking.
  5. This sentence is correct; the editor should take no action.

63. Read the following sentence and identify the style error it contains.

We went out to buy milk but came home with copies of Jane Austen’s “Sense and Sensibility,” a DVD of “Charlie and the Chocolate Factory,” The New York Times and the Bible.

Answers:

  1. “Bible” should be in quotation marks.
  2. The titles of the novel and the movie should be in italics instead of quotation marks.
  3. The name of the newspaper should not be underlined.
  4. There are no style errors in the sentence.

64. Read the following passage and select the option that illustrates the best course of action for an editor to take.

1)Greta, who is completely enamored of her new
2)designer handbag, is even more enamored of the
3)envious glances she receives from her pals.
4)Made of buttery leather, Greta’s fashionista friend just
5)had to run out and get one of her own.

Answers:

  1. Edit lines (1) and (2) for diction.
  2. Edit lines (2) and (3) for adjective usage.
  3. Edit line (4) for dangling modifier.
  4. Edit line (5) for phrasal verb usage.
  5. This passage does not need editing.

65. Read the following sentence and identify the type of verb or tense error contained in the underlined portion.

Local citizens protested the controversial evangelist’s tour and threatened to riot outside any venue that dared to host his event.

Answers:

  1. Subject-verb agreement error
  2. Incorrect use of past participles
  3. Unnecessary verb tense shift
  4. This sentence is correct.

66. Read the following passage and identify the type of grammar or usage error it contains.

The baby giraffe just loved to play with the 10 puma cubs. Their games came inevitably — and painfully — to an end, however, after the first six times the giraffe smashed its face against the low tree limbs under which the little pumas lithely slipped.

Answers:

  1. Comma splice
  2. Pronoun reference
  3. Inconsistent number usage
  4. Parallelism
  5. No error

67. Which of the following sentences requires editing to correct an error in subject-verb agreement?

Answers:

  1. Every one of the scouts is responsible for his own camping equipment and should come prepared for a strenuous hike.
  2. The walls of the old villa have been newly plastered with white stucco, which rob them of their charm.
  3. Not only the horses but also the goat has been rounded up and locked in the barn.
  4. The receptionists and clerks each hope for a substantial bonus this year.

68. Which of the following sentences does NOT require editing to correct voice, wordiness or redundancy?

Answers:

  1. The focus of the meeting centered around the issue of the adult video store, which had been built in close proximity to an elementary school.
  2. At the time that Ronald wrote his dissertation, he had no idea that he would one day become a world-renowned psychologist.
  3. The expense of upgrading our software every year has adversely affected our bottom line.
  4. Because the factory fire started due to negligence, the company that was responsible had to pay a substantial fine.

69. Which of the following sentences requires editing to correct an error in pronoun-antecedent agreement?

Answers:

  1. Each of the volunteers contributes a good deal to the cause in his or her own way.
  2. A number of ants are marching into their anthill outside the kitchen door.
  3. Somebody left their marbles on the bench; shall we find out whose they are?
  4. Although its members may have disagreed among themselves, the jury eventually handed its unanimous verdict to the judge.<>/span>

70. Choose the editing option that best corrects the underlined part of the following sentence.

According to the chief of surgery, the risk of death from this medical procedure is about the same from an airplane crash or from a nuclear reactor meltdown.

Answers:

  1. the same as an airplane crash or
  2. the same as from an airplane crash as well as that from
  3. the same as from an airplane crash or
  4. This sentence is correct; the editor should take no action.

71. Which course of action would an editor need to take to correct the modifier/comparison error in the following passage?

“Your brother has been behaving strangely lately,” Theo remarked. “I mean, I know he’s never been the sharpest marble in the drawer, but I think he’s really lost it now.”

Answers:

  1. Delete “I mean” to eliminate wordiness.
  2. Keep quoted speech together by moving “Theo remarked” to the end of the passage.
  3. Edit the second sentence to correct the mixed metaphors.
  4. Change “strangely” to “strange.”

72. Read the following passage and select the option that illustrates the best course of action for an editor to take.

1)Regina Glass, who was one of the wealthiest women
2)in the city in the 1940s, died at the age of 89 in a dingy
3)Chicago hotel suite where she had lived with 3 cats and five
4)parrots for more than twenty years. Her fall from grace was attributed to
5)her husband Larry Glass’ shady dealings in the early 1970s.

Answers:

  1. Edit line (1) for passive voice.
  2. Edit lines (2) and (5) for apostrophe usage.
  3. Edit lines (3) and (4) for number style.
  4. This passage is correct; the editor should take no action.

73. Which of the following sentences does NOT contain a grammar or usage error?

Answers:

  1. Please give Amy or myself your phone number and we’ll contact you soon.
  2. Do all the players plan on wearing their uniform to the cocktail party?
  3. For you and I to move forward, we’ll need to put our differences behind us.
  4. The kids put their heads together and came up with this wonderful little play.

1,239 total views, 1 views today

Upwork English Language

Technical Writing Skills Certification 2016

Published by:

1. A technical report should contain the following:

Answers:

  1. Headings
  2. Biodata of the writer
  3. Factual information
  4. Graphics, wherever possible
  5. Non-technical content
  6. Fuzzy logic

2. An “Executive Summary” can be part of a:

Answers:

  1. Business Proposal
  2. Control Plan
  3. Investment Plan
  4. Business Plan

3. Which of the following are the characteristic features of “Plain English?”

Answers:

  1. Keeping sentences short
  2. Using active voice
  3. Using words that are appropriate for the reader
  4. Using passive voice

4. Which of the following is true regarding the “Table of Contents?”

Answers:

  1. It is the same as an index.
  2. It is a method of accessing the information contained in a document.
  3. It is a list of topics with links to each topic.
  4. It can be omitted in a technical document.

5. What should you do to avoid plagiarism?

Answers:

  1. Just make sure to copy from obscure sources.
  2. Cite sources when using copyrighted material.
  3. Obtain permission before using copyrighted material.
  4. Use only Government sources.
  5. None of the above

6. Which of the following are Help Authoring Software?

Answers:

  1. Microsoft HTML Help
  2. RoboHelp HTML
  3. Made-to-Help
  4. HTML Help

7. If you want to write a technical report on how type-1 diabetes is treated, you will probably include:

Answers:

  1. What causes type-1 diabetes
  2. Effects of the disease on the offspring of the affected
  3. How the disease is treated
  4. The kind of technologies available to treat the disease

8. Which of the following works are not protected?

Answers:

  1. Literary works
  2. Standard calendars
  3. Height and weight charts
  4. Motion pictures

9. Which of the following can you include in a Progress Report?

Answers:

  1. What work remains to be done
  2. How much time it will take to complete the work
  3. How the previous project was progressing
  4. The success level of previously undertaken projects

10. Which of the following statements are true if the cell B1 contains the formula =$A$1?

Answers:

  1. The value of cell B1 contains the same number of characters as the value of cell B2.
  2. There is an absolute reference to cell A1 so that the formula =$A$1 can be copied to other cells without changing the reference to A1.
  3. There is a relative reference to cell A1 so the formula will change each time it is copied to other cells.
  4. The value of cell B1 is equal to the value of the function in cell A1.

11. Which are the two types of specification documentations?

Answers:

  1. Design
  2. Technological
  3. Functional
  4. Logistical

12. Which of the following sentences/options describes an “index?”

Answers:

  1. Product names and technical terminology that are included in a document
  2. A method of accessing the information that is included in the document
  3. An ordered list of words and phrases

13. Choose the correct option(s) to make a semantically correct sentence.
A pronoun is a word which ____________

Answers:

  1. should not replace a noun or a noun phrase.
  2. can substitute for a noun or a noun phrase.
  3. can be substituted for a noun or a noun phrase.
  4. can replace a noun or a noun phrase.

14. What are screen shots?

Answers:

  1. Graphics of computer screens that are captured to be inserted in a technical document
  2. Pictures that are downloaded from the Internet and inserted in a document, for instance, to help illustrate the instruction manual
  3. Graphics that are created by a designer as an illustrated step-by-step manual
  4. All of the above

15. State whether true or false:

A person’s work is only recognized as original if it has a copyright notice attached.

Answers:

  1. True
  2. False

16. The name for a set of fonts is termed:

Answers:

  1. Typeface
  2. Typefront
  3. Keyword face
  4. Typefont face

17. Choose the correct option among the following:

You have opened a page through Internet Explorer and want to see that page on your desktop. You should click the __________ menu, click on _________ and then click _________.

Answers:

  1. Send, File, Shortcut to Desktop
  2. File, Send, Shortcut to Desktop
  3. File, New, Shortcut to Desktop
  4. View, Send, Shortcut to Desktop

18. What are sections used for in a Word document?

Answers:

  1. To divide the document into parts so that each part may be independently printed when the print command is given
  2. To divide the document into parts so as to allow certain parts of the document to display data from a table
  3. To divide the document into parts so as to allow certain parts of the document to display data from the Internet
  4. To vary the layout of a document within a page or between pages and then allow formatting of each part the way you want

19. Abstracts can be of two types — ___________ and ___________.

Answers:

  1. informative, descriptive
  2. descriptive, garrulous
  3. garrulous, conclusive
  4. conclusive, garrulous

20. Which of the following statements is the most correct and most effective way of writing?

Answers:

  1. The Sigma level of the processes in which a company is involved in is an indicator of how the company is faring in their business processes.
  2. Companies measure their business performance by the Sigma level of their processes.
  3. The best indicator of how a company is faring in their business processes is to see the Sigma level of their processes in which they are involved.

21. How do you insert a sound file in a Microsoft Word 2007 document?

Answers:

  1. Go to the Insert tab -> Select the Object menu option
  2. Go to the Insert tab -> Select the Sound menu option
  3. Go to the Insert tab -> Select the File menu option
  4. By right-clicking on the document and choosing the “Add sound” option

22. Using the thoughts and writings of other people and passing them as your own is known as_______.

Answers:

  1. Altruism
  2. Copying
  3. Plagiarism
  4. Hedonism
  5. Imitation

23. What nature of information does a specification document contain?

Answers:

  1. Information used by programmers
  2. Information used by amateurs in software programming
  3. Information used by a person who wants to build a product or process
  4. Information used by geeks and hackers

24. The __________ abstract should include all the important sections of the report.

Answers:

  1. garrulous
  2. feasibility
  3. descriptive
  4. informative

25. Choose the correct pronouns to fill in the blanks.
______ and ______ have always understood each other although ______ have always been in different camps.

Answers:

  1. You, I, us
  2. You, me, ourselves
  3. You, I, ourselves
  4. You, I, we

26. A legal violation of a copyright could be a(n) ___________.

Answers:

  1. Social matter
  2. Criminal matter
  3. Political matter
  4. Civil matter
  5. Academic matter

27. If you would like to enter a part number for a product in Excel, e.g., 6776736, and would like Excel to treat it as text and not a number, what should you do?

Answers:

  1. Place the character T before the number, e.g., T6776736.
  2. Place the characters TX before the number, e.g., TX6776736.
  3. Enclose the number in parentheses, e.g., (6776737).
  4. Apply the Text Format to the cell.

28. Choose the right option(s) to fill in the blank(s).

I find it very hard to remember ______ letters entrusted to me. I remember ______ to do so scores of times.

Answers:

  1. posting, to forget
  2. to post, to forget
  3. to post, forgetting
  4. posting, forgetting

29. A PDF file can be viewed if ____________ is installed.

Answers:

  1. Microsoft Office Professional Edition 2003
  2. Adobe Acrobat Reader
  3. Macromedia Flash MX
  4. WinRAR Archiver

30. Can you insert a new table inside a cell of an existing table in a Microsoft Word document?

Answers:

  1. Yes
  2. No

31. STC stands for:

Answers:

  1. Society for Technical Communication
  2. Society for Technical Contents
  3. Standard Technical Contents
  4. Standard Technical Communication

32. How can you select all the blank cells in your Excel worksheet?

Answers:

  1. This must be done manually as it cannot be automated through any built-in feature.
  2. Choose Edit -> Select -> Blank under the main menu.
  3. Choose Edit -> Go To -> Special menu option.
  4. Choose Edit -> Go To -> Go To Special dialog box -> Blanks

33. In Microsoft Excel, you select the row headings 10, 11, and 12 and then choose the menu option Insert -> Rows. What will happen?

Answers:

  1. Three new rows will be inserted after row 12.
  2. One new row will be inserted after row 12.
  3. Three new rows will be inserted after row 9.
  4. One new row will be inserted after row 9.

34. Choose the correct pronouns to fill in the blanks.

Let ______ all go for a walk except ______, because ______ is so tired.

Answers:

  1. we, she, she
  2. us, her, she
  3. us, she, she
  4. we, her, she

35. A feasibility and evaluation report is an example of:

Answers:

  1. Report topic
  2. Report type
  3. Report audience
  4. Report purpose

36. Choose the correct prepositions to fill in the blanks.
______ lack of funds, the plan fell ______.

Answers:

  1. For, down
  2. From, through
  3. For, through
  4. For, out

37. Which of the following examples of headings is most effective?

Answers:

  1. How Auto Parts can be Assembled
  2. How to Assemble Auto Parts
  3. Assembling Auto Parts
  4. The Assembling of the Auto Parts

38. Does a user guide usually contain warranties and disclaimers?

Answers:

  1. Yes
  2. No

39. Which of the following best defines RoboHELP?

Answers:

  1. It is an operating system.
  2. It is an application software that helps create “computer help files” in various formats.
  3. It is a software that assists amateurs in technical writing.
  4. It is a utility software that helps design graphics.
  5. It is a flowcharting tool.

40. State whether true or false:

Different states have different copyright laws in America.

Answers:

  1. True
  2. False

41. Choose the correct preposition to fill in the blank.
All the people injured in the accident have been admitted ______ a hospital.

Answers:

  1. in
  2. to
  3. into
  4. inside

42. What are “abstracts?”

Answers:

  1. Conclusions of the report contents
  2. Comments on the report contents
  3. Summaries of the contents of a report or a document

43. Choose the correct sentence.

Answers:

  1. A gentleman was walking along a road dressed in blue with green trees on both sides.
  2. A dressed in blue gentleman was walking along a road with green trees on both sides.
  3. A gentleman was walking along a road with green trees on both sides dressed in blue.
  4. A gentleman dressed in blue was walking along a road with green trees on both sides.

44. PDF is an acronym for:

Answers:

  1. Protected Document Format
  2. Portable Data File
  3. Portable Document Formatting
  4. Portable Document Format

45. The details of design, make, installation, and usage of a particular product are known as:

Answers:

  1. Technical reporting
  2. Technical specification
  3. Technical documentation
  4. Technical summary

46. A diamond shaped box in a flowchart signifies:

Answers:

  1. A start/end symbol
  2. A decision that must be made
  3. The flow of control
  4. Processing steps
  5. Input/output

47. Choose the correct sentence from the following:

Answers:

  1. Select your country from the drop lists in the country fields.
  2. Select your country from the drop-down list in the country’s field.
  3. Select your country from the drop-down list in the country field.
  4. Select your country from the drops-down list in the country’s field.

48. How are spelling errors displayed in Microsoft Word?

Answers:

  1. A green wavy line under the wrong spelling
  2. The word with the wrong spelling has a strike-through font.
  3. A red wavy line under the wrong spelling
  4. The color of the word with the wrong spelling will change to red.

49. A document that consists of instructions on how to use or troubleshoot a product is known as a _________.

Answers:

  1. Help guide
  2. Troubleshooting guide
  3. Design pamphlet
  4. User guide

50. Which of the following statement(s) is/are true about Technical Evaluation Reports?

Answers:

  1. The Evaluation report is also called the feasibility report.
  2. The Evaluation report mentions whether the proposed method is practically and logically possible or not.
  3. The Evaluation report always recommends the company to use the proposed method.

51. What does a Primary Research Report describe?

Answers:

  1. It describes findings and interpretation from field or laboratory research.
  2. It describes ideas about how to start a new business venture.
  3. It is a description of the operational details of a new product.
  4. It describes newly researched, potential organizational policies.

52. A document written in the ________ tense sends the message immediately and is easier to comprehend.

Answers:

  1. past
  2. present
  3. past continuous
  4. future

53. What is a “procedure?”

Answers:

  1. A list of steps that tells the user how to perform a task
  2. A description of the technical specifications
  3. A description of how a system operates

54. Which is the standard language used to create Web pages?

Answers:

  1. JavaScript
  2. Hypertext Markup Language (HTML)
  3. C
  4. C++

55. What do Functional Specifications in a technical document include?

Answers:

  1. Components that are required to create the product or service
  2. A diagrammatic representation of how the finished product will look
  3. A daily report recording the assembly of the product
  4. An illustrative representation of how the product will work once the product is built

56. A Business Plan Report usually contains:

Answers:

  1. A plan seeking to start a new business
  2. A proposal seeking approval to do a specific project
  3. A plan seeking approval to do developmental work on an existing project

57. Which of the following is a diagram drawing software application used to draw diagrams like flowcharts?

Answers:

  1. Visio
  2. Microsoft Project
  3. Photoshop
  4. Flash
  5. Oracle

58. A list of books, articles, or Web pages that a writer referenced in his document is known as:

Answers:

  1. Table of Contents
  2. Index
  3. Bibliography
  4. Glossary
  5. Foreword

59. To be a good technical writer, you have to:

Answers:

  1. Include unknown terms and non-words.
  2. Avoid jargon.
  3. Include abstract words and phrases.
  4. Use acronyms and abbreviations.

60. What does a circle indicate in a flowchart?

Answers:

  1. It indicates that a particular step is connected with some other parts of a program
  2. It indicates the beginning of the process.
  3. It indicates a decision to be taken in the process.
  4. It indicates a linear flow of the process.

61. What is the quickest way to select all the columns of a worksheet in Microsoft Excel 2007?

Answers:

  1. Click on the column heading of the first column, press Shift, and then click on the column heading of the last column.
  2. Click on the column heading of the first column, press Ctrl, and then click on the column heading of the last column.
  3. Choose Edit -> Select all from the main menu.
  4. Click on the gray rectangle on the upper left corner of the worksheet where the column headings and row headings meet.

62. The first thing you should do when you are starting out to write a technical report is to:

Answers:

  1. Decide what type of document you are required to write.
  2. Decide on the items you will put in the glossary.
  3. Write the index of the report.
  4. Write the technical specifications of the product or service you are writing about.

63. The average number of words in a sentence should be:

Answers:

  1. Between 10-20
  2. More than 30
  3. Less than 8
  4. Between 30-35

64. Documents that help to get an organization hired or approved to undertake a project are known as:

Answers:

  1. Business Proposals
  2. Business Plans
  3. Investment Plans
  4. Bidding Plans

65. What would you call a report that gives a background on a particular topic, say greenhouse gases?

Answers:

  1. Evaluation report
  2. Technical background report
  3. Technical background specifications report
  4. Secondary research background report

66. What does the term “Glossary” mean?

Answers:

  1. An ordered list of phrases.
  2. An alphabetic list of words and phrases in which each word or phrase is defined.
  3. An unordered list of words and phrases.

67. How can you resize the width or height of a picture in a Microsoft Word document?

Answers:

  1. By dragging the sizing handles that appear at the edges of the picture
  2. By altering the height and width values on the “Size” Tab available at the Format -> Picture menu
  3. By right-clicking on the picture and selecting the Format Picture dialog box. Then select the Size tab and change the height and width values.
  4. By right-clicking on the picture and choosing the “Picture Size” option

68. The _______________ appears before (and, possibly, immediately after) the table of contents in a document.

Answers:

  1. White matter
  2. White paper
  3. Front paper
  4. Front matter

69. You have to prepare an essay in Microsoft Word consisting of only 250 words. What is the most convenient way for you to count the total number of words in your document?

Answers:

  1. First justify the document (both left and right justified), then count the number of words on one line, and multiply them by the number of lines to get a rough count.
  2. Select the text that you have to count and right-click the mouse. Choose the “Word count” option.
  3. Choose the “Word count” from the Review Tab main menu.
  4. Choose the “Paragraph statistics” option under the View menu.
  5. Count each word one by one, since there is currently no tool available for counting the number of words.

70. Which of the following characters must be added before a fraction value, e.g. 1/3, to avoid entering it as a date in Microsoft Excel 2007?

Answers:

  1. F
  2. //
  3. 0 (zero)
  4. FR
  5. Space

71. State whether true or false:

A copyright in the context of authorship immediately becomes the property of the person who wrote the work.

Answers:

  1. True
  2. False

72. Which of the following date formats is NOT available when entering a date into a cell in Microsoft Excel 2007?

Answers:

  1. 2/3/2003
  2. 6-aug-2003
  3. 5th-aug-2003
  4. 5-8-03

73. As a writer, what do you do when you create a macro?

Answers:

  1. You create a shortcut for performing repetitive tasks in a program.
  2. You work on several files at the same time.
  3. You download software from the Internet that helps organize tasks.
  4. You break up work tasks into manageable parts.
  5. You combine small sub-tasks into a macro-task.

74. Choose the correct sentence:

Answers:

  1. Unless the world controls its population, mankind will continue to face one problem after another.
  2. Unless the world does not control its population, mankind will continue to face one problem after another.
  3. Unless the world controls its population, till then mankind will continue to face one problem after another.
  4. Unless the world fails to control its population, mankind will continue to face one problem after another.

75. What is a “white paper?”

Answers:

  1. An authoritative and detailed report
  2. A conclusive report
  3. A blank page on a computer screen
  4. A blue print of what a final document should look like

76. How would you describe a “process?”

Answers:

  1. A description of the steps that a user takes to perform a task
  2. A description of the overall performance of a system
  3. A description of a system or how a system operates
  4. A series of steps taken to perform an action in a task

77. Which of the following statements best describes what “minimalism” is?

Answers:

  1. Writing thin manuals and procedures
  2. Minimizing the size of manuals and procedures by omitting important information
  3. A method of documentation that avoids swamping users with irrelevant information
  4. A method of voluminous documentation of task-oriented activity

1,706 total views, 3 views today

Upwork English Language

Online Article Writing and Blogging Test (UK Version) 2016

Published by:

1. The removal of the copyright tag-line means the work is no longer protected by copyright.

Answers:

  1. True
  2. False

2. What are “Google alerts”?

Answers:

  1. A ringtone from Google
  2. A doorbell as a prize for being a loyal Google customer
  3. Pinging of your website by Google every time you use Yahoo and MSN instead of using Google
  4. A system where Google e-mails you the results of your pre-arranged search terms on a regular basis to stir your thoughts about writing blog content

3. Why is it damaging not to have functional links on your website?

Answers:

  1. You cannot prevent people from reaching the destination without doing so
  2. It could damage your brand reputation; people do not want to see a “page not found” result
  3. A person is less likely to return to your site as a repeat visitor if the links do not work
  4. b and c

4. Fooling the search engines with link farms, keyword stuffing, cloaking or alt text spamming is not a good idea because _____________________ .

Answers:

  1. it is an offence in most countries
  2. the search engines may restrict your site or future listings, or ban you altogether
  3. it could reduce the traffic to your blog
  4. All of the above

5. Can you sell your copyright?

Answers:

  1. Yes, by licensing it according to territory and time<
  2. No, it remains yours always
  3. Yes, but only in certain places, and for lengths of time up to 140 years after your death
  4. Yes, so long as someone changes his/her name to your name

6. Blog comments show up in Google searches in addition to the blog posts.

Answers:

  1. True
  2. False

7. How long does an author’s copyright – whether in print or online – last?

Answers:

  1. Until he/she dies
  2. Forever
  3. For 5 years after the publication
  4. For 40 years after he/she dies
  5. For 70 years after he/she dies

8. Why is it important to make regular postings – if not daily postings – to your blog?

Answers:

  1. To encourage a regular readership and return traffic so web robots may be able to see your blog is regularly active
  2. Not making regular postings can be harmful to your blog
  3. If you do not, it will be unplugged by the blog service provider
  4. None of the above

9. If you’re writing an article about the automotive industry, which of the following would be the best way of promoting your article?

Answers:

  1. Adding internal links within your blog that cross-reference the article
  2. Adding highly specific keywords to your pages that reference aspects of the automotive industry
  3. Contacting other automotive industry blogs and websites offering a link-exchange
  4. All of the above

10. If you write something libellous in a blog, you can still be sued for defamation despite the apparent freedom of expression on the internet.

Answers:

  1. True
  2. False

11. What does “‘ping’ your blog” mean?

Answers:

  1. To abandon it
  2. To create it from scratch
  3. To let someone know about it so they can contribute, either with postings or comments
  4. An alert that notifies the original poster of a post when someone else writes an entry concerning the original post

12. At what point does a work – whether an online blog or in print – come under copyright?

Answers:

  1. As soon as it is published
  2. As soon as the author registers the copyright
  3. As soon as the author writes “Copyright”and his/her name and date next to it
  4. As soon as it is created

13. What are the websites “cheathouse.com” and “schoolsucks.com”?

Answers:

  1. Sites where teachers can obtain their students’ papers in an educational exchange programme?
  2. Websites dedicated to stopping plagiarism on the web
  3. Websites where students can obtain papers to wrongfully use as their own, often for free
  4. A community of online papers backed by most US and UK school programmes

14. What is a “metablog”?

Answers:

  1. A highly personal, if not confessional, blog
  2. A blog about metal
  3. A blog devoted to explaining “metas”
  4. A blog about blogging

15. Why is it sometimes a good idea to create a blog independently with a host other than a free blog hosting service such as the Blogger?

Answers:

  1. You can add more intelligent interactivity such as widgets, site design, custom URLs etc
  2. You can then have two blogs and disconnect your old one
  3. You will be able to keep the old free service
  4. You will automatically get more traffic

16. In terms of keywords for promoting a website about global money, which of the following groups would be the best choice?

Answers:

  1. Football, shopping, racing, gardening
  2. 10c, 5c, dollar, 50c, quarter
  3. The World Bank, the Olympics, the US government, the UEFA Cup
  4. Dollar, yen, pound sterling, exchange rate

17. What is “podcasting”?

Answers:

  1. Making the entire blog available in a single downloadable file
  2. Redirecting traffic through a portal hidden on the blog called a “pod”
  3. Distribution of audio and other media files for download to digital music or multimedia players such as iPods
  4. Mass e-mailing for marketing purposes to promote several blogs at the same time

1,798 total views, 2 views today

Upwork English Language

Online Article Writing and Blogging Test (U.S. Version) 2016

Published by:

1. What is a “metablog”?

Answers:

  1. A highly personal, if not confessional, blog
  2. A blog about metal
  3. A blog devoted to explaining “metas”
  4. 0A blog about blogging

2. There’s little need to copy text before trying to publish it to the web because you rarely lose the text at the time of publication.

Answers:

  1. True
  2. False

3. At what point does a work – whether an online blog or in print – come under copyright?

Answers:

  1. As soon as it is published
  2. As soon as the author registers the copyright
  3. As soon as the author writes “Copyright”and his/her name and date next to it
  4. As soon as it is created

4. Fooling the search engines with link farms, keyword stuffing, cloaking or alt text spamming is not a good idea because _____________________ .

Answers:

  1. it is an offense in most countries
  2. the search engines may restrict your site or future listings, or ban you altogether
  3. it could reduce the traffic to your blog
    All of the above

5. What are “FAQs”?

Answers:

  1. First Asked Queries
  2. First Answered Questions
  3. Fast Attitude Queries
  4. Frequently Asked Questions
  5. All of the above

6. What is “podcasting”?

Answers:

  1. Making the entire blog available in a single downloadable file
  2. Redirecting traffic through a portal hidden on the blog called a “pod”
  3. Distribution of audio and other media files for download to digital music or multimedia players such as iPods
  4. Mass e-mailing for marketing purposes to promote several blogs at the same time

7. What are “blooks”?

Answers:

  1. Books that are written by bloggers and generally grow out of their blogs
  2. People who like to blog
  3. People who promote their blogs on the inside pages of a book
  4. All of the above

8. What is ‘placing of keywords in the important parts of a webpage so that search engines may give them priority’ called?

Answers:

  1. Keyword prominence
  2. Optimization guesswork
  3. Partial selection
  4. Keyword density

9. Why is it damaging to have disfunctioning or non-functioning(dead)links on your website?

Answers:

  1. You cannot prevent people from reaching the destination without doing so
  2. It could damage your brand reputation; people do not want to see a “page not found” result
  3. A person is less likely to return to your site as a repeat visitor if the links do not work
  4. b and c

10. What do we mean when we say an author’s copyright is within “the public domain”?

Answers:

  1. We mean it is floated on the stock exchange
  2. We mean it is freely available for all, can be copied, reproduced and re-published
  3. We mean it is temporarily available for a period of 1-5 years
  4. We mean it is part of the author’s estate for 70 years after his or her death

11. What is a “feed aggregator” or “feed reader”?

Answers:

  1. An online bug or virus that “feeds” on your blog and destroys content
  2. A Web application which collects web content such as news, blogs, podcasts and vlogs for easy viewing in a single location
  3. A Web application that links your blog to other blogs for which you always pay a fee
  4. A third generation blogger who is addicted to blogging
  5. None of the above

12. In sourcing information, you may use materials not subject to copyright such as names, common symbols, lists of ingredients, short phrases, slogans, slang, titles etc.

Answers:

  1. True
  2. False

13. Which of the following is/are good way(s) of promoting your business or website and thereby selling your products online?

Answers:

  1. Writing reviews on other sites with a link back to your site
  2. Getting involved in social bookmarking, especially group social bookmarking
  3. Posting on forums around the internet with reference to your product or brand
  4. All of the above

14. What will happen if you type the words sport -basketball in the Google search box?

Answers:

  1. Google will find all the web pages containing the words “sport” and “basketball”
  2. Google will find the web pages about “sport” and also those containing the word “basketball”
  3. Google will find the web pages about “sport” that do not contain the word “basketball”
  4. Google will find all the web pages in which the words “sport” and “basketball” appear together
  5. None of the above

15. What is “fair use” in terms of using someone else’s copyrighted material online?

Answers:

  1. A system where copyright is exchanged between the original owner and the blogger who co-opts it
  2. A term used by the prosecutor to convict a blogger who repeatedly infringes his/her copyright
  3. A defense argument that an individual who is sued for copyright infringement can use, namely that the use of the material was in public interest
  4. None of the above

16. What are “article submission sites”?

Answers:

  1. Databases of stored articles awaiting approval from a CEO
  2. Sites that help submit articles you have written about your product for online publication so you don’t have to spend valuable time sending out your articles individually
  3. Sites where you can buy articles and adapt them to a target audience and focus them on your market
  4. Usually scam sites that promise huge marketing distribution around the internet

17. Where did the term “blog” originate?

Answers:

  1. It was invented by Mr. James Blog
  2. An abridgment of the two terms, “web” and “log”
  3. An abridgment of the two terms, “book” and “log”
  4. b and c
  5. None of the above, it was a spontaneous new coinage derived from Old English

18. How long does an author’s copyright – whether in print or online – last in the U.S.?

Answers:

  1. Until he/she dies
  2. Forever
  3. For 5 years after the publication
  4. For 40 years after he/she dies
  5. For 70 years after he/she dies

19. Which of the following are good ways of sourcing information for online content such as blog postings?

Answers:

  1. Reading other blogs of a similar nature
  2. Researching for content in a library by reading non-fiction, and consulting encyclopaedias, public records etc.
  3. Using search engines to narrow down keywords and content data
  4. All of the above

20. If you own a copyright on your own works, you can license your work for reproduction and publication around the world according to place and length of time.

Answers:

  1. True
  2. False

21. Which of the following is the term used for the collective blogging intelligentsia, namely the most influential bloggers online by page rank owing to their high traffic count?

Answers:

  1. Glamorati
  2. Hoi polloi
  3. Rich and reckless
  4. Beautiful and damned
  5. Blogerati

22. Which of the following are good techniques for building a greater business audience for your blog?

Answers:

  1. Create multiple links with local business community
  2. Create a link with the local library website
  3. Partner with non-competing businesses
  4. Have business cards printed
  5. All of the above

23. Which of the following are most important when optimizing content for search engines?

Answers:

  1. Regular updating of your blog
  2. Making sure your URL is simple
  3. Adding keywords, tags, metatags and having quality content and regular updating
  4. Having quality content

24. State whether True or False.

Copyright is available not just for published works but also for works in private use that have not or may never be published.

Answers:

  1. True
  2. False

25. Which of the following is the most effective idea for creating a target audience that returns again and again to your blog?

Answers:

  1. Make individual postings long as the more the information, the better it is.
  2. Re-read and be your own editor, always removing unnecessary words and phrases; keep your postings relatively short and post regularly
  3. Regularly change the colors of your blog to entertain your readership
  4. Add a certain randomness to your external links so the audience never quite knows where the links may lead – it’s more exciting

26. What is “misinformation”?

Answers:

  1. Mystery information partially hidden on the internet
  2. Information which is misleading or distracting or at least partially wrong
  3. Mr. Information
  4. Completely wrong information on all counts
  5. None of the above

27. Which of the following features will increase the likelihood of a reader staying longer on your blog?

Answers:

  1. Having mostly text rather than pictures, slide shows or other interactive content
  2. Using external links to generate the new page as a pop-up window rather than going directly to the new site
  3. Offering links to great promotional deals on other sites

28. What do you mean by your article being “non exclusive” while selling it online?

Answers:

  1. That you can sell it to one more company
  2. That it is exclusively connected to the site where you publish it first
  3. That you can publish it online elsewhere so long as they are “non exclusive” too
  4. That you can sell it to 5 more companies
  5. That you can post it on your blog but nowhere else

29. If words/phrases are lifted from an original writing on the internet – not from a printed book – it’s not plagiarism.

Answers:

  1. True
  2. False

30. What distinguishes a blog from a website?

Answers:

  1. Postings that occur according to a timeline that is updated so old posts can be traced
  2. More content
  3. Flashier images
  4. Contact details
  5. More professional content

31. What is an “open thread”?

Answers:

  1. A thread that is open for discussion by those posting to it
  2. A thread that has closed links
  3. Multiple posts focused around one specific subject
  4. All posts made openly by the same blogger
  5. All of the above

32. What are “grey hat techniques”?

Answers:

  1. Techniques attracting people over 65 to your blog
  2. Advertising techniques through images specifically aimed at older readers
  3. Techniques involving part online and part store sales
  4. An optimisation strategy defining an unknown area of reputability/validity

33. What is an “affiliate business program”?

Answers:

  1. Getting the business standards of your company approved by a government affiliated company
  2. Signing up to be a business partner with another online company to promote each other’s interests and thereby reaching a larger market
  3. Buying a company
  4. Getting bought by a company
  5. Merging with another company

34. Which is the correct order for finding your target audience and selling goods or services to it?

Answers:

  1. Design a strategy for drawing them to your site with greater interest in your product, have a business plan, identify their interest in your product, identify your audience type and their level of expertise, make sales
  2. Have a business plan, identify your audience type and their level of expertise, identify their interest in your product, design a strategy for drawing them to your site with greater interest in your product, make sales
  3. Have a business plan, identify your audience type and their level of expertise, design a strategy for drawing them to your site with greater interest in your product, make sales, identify their interest in your product
  4. Identify your audience type and their level of expertise, make sales, have a business plan identify their interest in your product, design a strategy for drawing them to your site with greater interest in your product

35. In terms of keywords for promoting a website about global money, which of the following groups would be the best choice?

Answers:

  1. Football, shopping, racing, gardening
  2. 10c, 5c, dollar, 50c, quarter
  3. The World Bank, the Olympics, the US government, the UEFA Cup
  4. Dollar, yen, pound sterling, exchange rate

36. What are “subsidiary rights” if your blog becomes successful enough to receive an offer of publication in print?

Answers:

  1. All rights originally held by the author
  2. Translation rights
  3. All secondary rights sold by the agent or publisher, such as volume rights, audio rights, film and T.V. rights, book club rights, paperback rights etc.
  4. Rights that the author always retains and that cannot be licensed

37. At the end of an article, the reference list to other relevant works that may or may not have been cited is called the _________________.

Answers:

  1. Footnotes
  2. Bibliography
  3. Original material
  4. Endnotes
  5. All of the above

38. What changes you should incorporate in your writing style—when writing about the university application process—if you’re writing for student applicants and not for their parents?

Answers:

  1. Write the entire text in italics—it signifies that the content has been written for a student, and not for a parent
  2. Write the entire text in the Roman style—it signifies that the content has been written for a student, and not for a parent
  3. No amount of change can clarify if the content is written for a student or for a parent, so do not bother about changing your writing style
  4. Add anecdotes in the description; students prefer an anecdotal style of writing
  5. Vary the information, your tone, your advice, and recommendations, so that the description is understood by students as well as parents

39. What can you do to make your articles more appealing to online readers?

Answers:

  1. Create external links and quality posts
  2. Add a message board and / or chat room to encourage interactivity
  3. Increase the product or site image / professional branding
  4. All of the above

40. What is the “useful but incomplete” approach in terms of promoting your product in an online article or so-called e-zine?

Answers:

  1. Making your product useful but leaving the article incomplete with no way of linking to your site
  2. Making your product incomplete and the article useful
  3. Making the article useful but leaving it incomplete so the market is enticed but has to follow your link to learn more
  4. Making the article complete and the product useful so that there’s no need to find out more

41. What does “SEO” stand for?

Answers:

  1. Sequeway Even Offered
  2. Service Engine Oriented
  3. Second Executive Officer
  4. Search Engine Optimization

42. Online articles do not need to be cited especially when taken from another online source.

Answers:

  1. True
  2. False

43. Which of the following are good ways of protecting your online content?

Answers:

  1. Searching for the plagiarists of your content
  2. Embedding your images
  3. Potentially encrypting your HTML
  4. Joining a plagiarism forum
  5. All of the above

44. What is an “anonoblog”?

Answers:

  1. A general blog with multiple authors
  2. A blog about people who used to be famous
  3. A blog written and maintained by an anonymous author, often under a pseudonym or pen name
  4. All of the above

45. What is “blogosphere”?

Answers:

  1. The hole in the internet through which blogs can fall
  2. The blogs in a given area such as a street, county or country
  3. The collective content of the blogs worldwide
  4. Blog companies that group together and buy smaller blogs
  5. None of the above

46. Which of the following is not a blogging provider or blogging service available on the web free of cost?

Answers:

  1. WordPress
  2. Blogger
  3. Technorati
  4. BlueHost

47. Why is it important to make regular postings – if not daily postings – to your blog?

Answers:

  1. To encourage a regular readership, returning traffic, and so web robots can see your blog is regularly active
  2. It isn’t – making daily postings can be harmful to your blog
  3. Otherwise it will be unplugged by the blog service provider
  4. None of the above

48. What are “Google alerts”?

Answers:

  1. A ringtone from Google
  2. A doorbell as a prize for being a loyal Google customer
  3. Pinging of your website by Google every time you use Yahoo and MSN instead of using Google
  4. A system where Google e-mails you the results of your pre-arranged search terms on a regular basis to stir your thoughts about writing blog content

49. If your website sells golf equipment, your promotional articles should be written about _________ .

Answers:

  1. good golf courses
  2. caddies
  3. sport in general
  4. the best clubs to use at certain times
  5. All of the above

50. What are “stop words”?

Answers:

  1. Words that stop short of their meaning
  2. Words that show up first in search engine result pages
  3. Words that are banned on the blogosphere by the blog police
  4. Some common words (such as “and”, “or” and “in”) that are usually ignored by a search engine performing a search

51. Is it a good idea to have two blogs with the same content to try and increase traffic?

Answers:

  1. No, as search engines such as Google will most likely list only one blog which may not be your preference
  2. Yes, two blogs, even with the same content, will most likely double your traffic on the web
  3. Yes, and to have three would be still better
  4. No, because search engines will be advised to close down one, if not both, of your blogs

52. What is the common rule for taking images from the web and using them on your blog or website?

Answers:

  1. Check to see if these are freely available, and if so, proceed; otherwise contact the copyright holder or blog/site manager for permission
  2. Take whatever you like from any site by right clicking and saving the image
  3. a and b
  4. None of the above

53. What is the difference between a “patent” and a “trademark”?

Answers:

  1. A copyright and a trademark are the same; a patent is made to protect goods or services for sale
  2. Patents and trademarks are the same; it is copyright that is different
  3. A patent protects a work, device or name that is used for trading goods whereas a trademark protects inventions or discoveries
  4. A trademark protects a word, device or name that is used for trading goods whereas a patent protects inventions or discoveries

54. Which of the following is a good approach to planning to write a blog posting?

Answers:

  1. Source content, write draft, save, post to blog
  2. Idea, source content, post to blog, read
  3. Idea, source content, write draft, save, read and edit, post to blog
  4. Write draft, edit, post to blog, read and edit later

55. What is “autocasting”?

Answers:

  1. Automatically casting the characters in an online play
  2. An autocue for a blogger to remind him or her to make a posting
  3. A form of microblogging that will herald Web 3.0
  4. An automated form of podcasting that allows bloggers (and blog readers) to create audio versions of text-only blogs using RSS feeds

56. Search engines will return different results depending on the word order of the search terms.

Answers:

  1. True
  2. False

57. When writing an article about safety and light bulbs, which of the following is likely to be your target audience?

Answers:

  1. Electrical engineers
  2. Ordinary people involved in home improvement
  3. Working electricians
  4. Light bulb manufacturers
  5. All of the above

58. Why is it sometimes a good idea to create a blog independently with a host other than a free blog hosting service such as the Blogger?

Answers:

  1. You can add more intelligent interactivity such as widgets, site design, custom URLs etc
  2. You can then have two blogs and disconnect your old one
  3. You will be able to keep the old free service
  4. You will automatically get more traffic

59. Which of the following is most likely to guarantee the content on your blog is professional, subject-appropriate and grammatically correct?

Answers:

  1. Copying it into Word, spell-checking, and copying it back
  2. Asking a friend to read it
  3. Reading it through before posting
  4. Having several specialist readers check out the content for its relevance, sense, argument, and keywords

60. Which of the following techniques can provide increased credibility to an article?

Answers:

  1. A signature at the end of the posting
  2. More links than words in a single posting
  3. External links to other sites combined with sophisticated quality content
  4. A self-appointed writing on the subject

61. Can you sell your copyright?

Answers:

  1. Yes, by licensing it according to territory and time
  2. No, it remains yours always
  3. Yes, but only in certain places, and for lengths of time up to 140 years after your death
  4. Yes, so long as someone changes his/her name to your name

62. Blog comments show up in Google searches in addition to the blog posts.

Answers:

  1. True
  2. False

63. What are the websites “writework.com” and “schoolsucks.com”?

Answers:

  1. Sites where teachers can obtain their students’ papers in an educational exchange program?
  2. Websites dedicated to stopping plagiarism on the web
  3. Websites where students can obtain papers to wrongfully use as their own, often for free
  4. A community of online papers backed by most US and UK school programs

64. What does the term “spomment” refer to in the blogosphere?

Answers:

  1. Special comments
  2. Spam on a posting
  3. Comment spam
  4. Tiny gremlins inside the computer system
  5. All of the above

65. What is the term used for “the number of times the keyword is used divided by the total word count on the page”?

Answers:

  1. Keyword density
  2. Keyword distribution
  3. Word hardness
  4. Density of syllables
  5. Blog Page Intensity

66. What is a “tag”?

Answers:

  1. An external link
  2. A language element, such as a word, often used in blogs to identify the type or types of content that makes up a particular post
  3. A long post that goes onto another page
  4. Both b and c

67. What is a “bye-line”?

Answers:

  1. The text at the end of a post that identifies the poster, and a play on “byline”, used to identify the writer of a newspaper article
  2. The headline
  3. The secondary headline
  4. b and c
  5. None of the above

68. What is a “plagiarism warning banner?”

Answers:

  1. A banner e-mailed to you by a potential plagiarist to warn you of their potential copying of your site
  2. A banner you place on your site or blog to deter potential plagiarists
  3. A government service that bans plagiarists from the Web with an official warning, usually a letter to their home address
  4. None of the above

69. If you’re writing an article about applying for admission to graduate courses in universities, your target audience is likely to be _________.

Answers:

  1. 18-year olds
  2. students already in college
  3. a range of readers who are thinking of applying for admission to a graduate school
  4. people between 45 and 65

70. If you’re writing an article about the automotive industry, which of the following would be the best way of promoting your article?

Answers:

  1. Adding internal links within your blog that cross-reference the article
  2. Adding highly specific keywords to your pages that reference aspects of the automotive industry
  3. Contacting other automotive industry blogs and websites offering a link-exchange
  4. All of the above

71. What is a “biz blog”?

Answers:

  1. A blog owned and run by a company or corporation
  2. A private blog for the blogger and his or her family
  3. A blog in the biz of blogging only
  4. A blog about finance, especially related to the London Stock Exchange
  5. None of the above

72. What is a “CEOBlog”?

Answers:

  1. A social networking blog
  2. A blog that has been unplugged by a corporation during a hostile takeover
  3. A group blog
  4. A blog written using a “stream of consciousness” writing style
  5. A blog maintained by a Chief Executive Officer

73. It’s a good idea to create identical content on multiple blogs as this can increase web traffic and get higher listings in search engines.

Answers:

  1. True
  2. False

74. If you write something libelous in a blog, you can still be sued for written defamation despite the apparent freedom of expression on the Internet.

Answers:

  1. True
  2. False

75. What is a “newbie”?

Answers:

  1. A term – potentially negative – applied to someone new to a discussion or blog
  2. A new technological addition to the internet
  3. An innovation that took blogs into Web 2.0
  4. The latest fashion on the blogosphere
  5. a and d

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Upwork English Language

English Vocabulary Test (UK Version) 2016

Published by:

1. Complete the following sentence by choosing the correct homophone from the options below.
Oscar, who did not possess a discerning __________, preferred hotdogs to steak.

Answers:

  1. palette
  2. pallet
  3. palate

2. Choose the word or phrase that is most nearly a synonym for the word in CAPITAL LETTERS in the following sentence.

It seems we’ve reached an IMPASSE in our negotiations.

Answers:

  1. Favourable compromise
  2. Monetary amount
  3. Total agreement
  4. Stalemate

3. Complete the following sentence by choosing the correct set of homophones from the options below.
The _________ poet, knowing his death was _________, struggled to finish his final ode.

Answers:

  1. imminent/eminent
  2. eminent/immanent
  3. immanent/imminent
  4. eminent/imminent

4. Complete the following sentence by choosing the correct word from the options below.
The only ________________ difference between the twins is the shape of their noses.

Answers:

  1. distinctive
  2. distinguished
  3. distinguishable

5. Complete the following sentence by choosing the correct set of homophones from the options below.
The skilful candidate’s ____________ speech was delightful to listen to, but failed to explain how he would achieve the ___________ goals of peace and prosperity.

Answers:

  1. illusive/elusive
  2. allusive/elusive
  3. elusive/allusive
  4. allusive/illusive

6. Choose the definition that best reflects the meaning of the word in CAPITAL LETTERS as it is used in the sentence below.

Marilyn conveyed a BLITHE indifference to the troubles that mounted around her.

Answers:

  1. Carefree; heedless
  2. Cruel; heartless
  3. Catastrophic

7. Choose the word or phrase that is most nearly a synonym for the word in CAPITAL LETTERS in the following sentence.

She entered the ballroom on the arm of a DEBONAIR young man.

Answers:

  1. Imprudent and unrefined
  2. Cheerful and clumsy
  3. Selfish and dissipated
  4. Charming and elegant

8. Complete the following sentence by choosing the correct set of words from the options below.

Although _________ wanted to keep the boat all to _________, I knew it would be used extensively by both Susan and _________.

Answers:

  1. I/myself/myself
  2. I/me/I
  3. I/myself/I
  4. I/myself/me

9. Choose the word or phrase that is most nearly an antonym of the word below.

RILE

Answers:

  1. Placate
  2. Annoy
  3. Waste
  4. Construct

10. Choose the word or phrase that is most nearly an antonym of the word below.

MITIGATE

Answers:

  1. Abate
  2. Conceal
  3. Intensify
  4. Allow

11. Choose the definition that best reflects the meaning of the word in CAPITAL LETTERS as it is used in the sentence below.

The publicist was surprised by the INUNDATION of fan letters for her top client.

Answers:

  1. Deluge
  2. Dearth
  3. Hindrance

12. Choose the definition that best reflects the meaning of the word in CAPITAL LETTERS as it is used in the sentence below.

The plots of all her novels just seem to MEANDER along, to the point where I can’t follow the storyline or figure out who’s who.

Answers:

  1. Purposely confuse
  2. Take a winding or indirect course
  3. Charm and delight

13. Choose the word or phrase that is most nearly an antonym of the word below.

ITINERANT

Answers:

  1. Permanent
  2. Flexible
  3. Transient
  4. Dissatisfied

14. Choose the definition that best reflects the meaning of the word in CAPITAL LETTERS as it is used in the sentence below.

The despot’s MINIONS were only too eager to tout his edicts and report any unrest among his subjects.

Answers:

  1. Sycophants; servile followers
  2. Distant relatives
  3. Armoured knights

15. Choose the word or phrase that is most nearly a synonym for the word in CAPITAL LETTERS in the following sentence.

She always got a VICARIOUS thrill from watching her father skydive.

Answers:

  1. Empathetic
  2. Dangerous
  3. Pathetic
  4. Sickening

16. Choose the word that best corresponds with the definition given below.

v. To impose with authority; urge strongly

Answers:

  1. Enjoin
  2. Prevalent
  3. Dissonance
  4. Relegate

17. Choose the definition that best reflects the meaning of the word in CAPITAL LETTERS as it is used in the sentence below.

Now that the festivities have ended, perhaps we can return to some SEMBLANCE of normality.

Answers:

  1. Sentiment; emotion
  2. Agreement
  3. Outward appearance

18. Choose the word or phrase that is most nearly an antonym of the word below.

INORDINATE

Answers:

  1. Reasonable
  2. On a waiting list
  3. Unprepared
  4. Immense

19. Choose the word or phrase that is most nearly an antonym of the word below.

ADVERSE

Answers:

  1. Moody
  2. Poetic
  3. Favourable
  4. Twisted

20. Complete the following sentence by choosing the correct set of words from the options below.
If you insist on eating more candy floss _________ a kid at a carnival, __________ don’t come crying to me when you’ve gained two stone!

Answers:

  1. then/than
  2. than/then
  3. then/then
  4. than/than

21. Choose the word or phrase that is most nearly a synonym for the word in CAPITAL LETTERS in the following sentence.

Agatha RUMINATED for weeks about the consequences of telling Arthur about the affair.

Answers:

  1. Pondered
  2. Worried
  3. Neglected
  4. Laughed

22. Choose the definition that best reflects the meaning of the word in CAPITAL LETTERS as it is used in the sentence below.

The mysterious message Claude received could be a HARBINGER of what’s in store for him and his family.

Answers:

  1. Downfall
  2. Omen; forerunner
  3. Unequivocal proof

23. Complete the following sentence by choosing the correct set of homophones from the options below.
Rachel knew that she’d soon be living in ___________ circumstances unless she got her financial problems ____________ out immediately.

Answers:

  1. straightened/straitened
  2. straitened/straightened

24. Choose the definition that best reflects the meaning of the word in CAPITAL LETTERS as it is used in the sentence below.

The journalist denied that he had any PRURIENT interest in the politician’s private life, but his titillating articles seemed to indicate otherwise.

Answers:

  1. Mercenary; venal
  2. Overly curious about the sexual behaviour of others
  3. Characterized by profound insight

25. Choose the definition that best reflects the meaning of the word in CAPITAL LETTERS as it is used in the sentence below.

Her MELLIFLUOUS voice is perfectly suited to lullabies and never fails to put us all to sleep.

Answers:

  1. Smoothly flowing; sweet-sounding
  2. Dull; tiresome
  3. Cacophonous

26. Choose the word that best corresponds with the definition given below.

adj. Similar to something else in certain respects, as in form, function, or meaning

Answers:

  1. Abject
  2. Agrarian
  3. Analogous
  4. Amalgam

27. Choose the definition that best reflects the meaning of the word in CAPITAL LETTERS as it is used in the sentence below.

The exchange student was disheartened by the rather BRUSQUE welcome she received from her host family.

Answers:

  1. Clamorous; disorderly
  2. Gracious; kind
  3. Blunt or rude in manner of speech

28. Complete the following sentence by choosing the correct homophone from the options below.
Who has the power to _________ out justice to the citizens of this country?

Answers:

  1. meet
  2. mete
  3. meat

29. Choose the word or phrase that is most nearly a synonym for the word in CAPITAL LETTERS in the following sentence.

Roger might be more AMENABLE to your ideas if you presented them without sneering.

Answers:

  1. Intractable
  2. Willing to accept
  3. Impressed by
  4. Unhappy

30. Choose the definition that best reflects the meaning of the word in CAPITAL LETTERS as it is used in the sentence below.

These artists really IMBUE their work with a spirit of profound freedom.

Answers:

  1. Spoil
  2. Detract from; debase
  3. Fill or permeate with a particular feeling or quality

31. Choose the word that best corresponds with the definition given below.

n. Flair; style; a flamboyant manner

Answers:

  1. Panache
  2. Voracious
  3. Resonance
  4. Cosmogony

32. Complete the following sentence by choosing the correct set of words from the options below.

The workers were allowed to ___________ down once they’d ________ the brick, but the foreman himself has not yet ___________ down.

Answers:

  1. lay/lain/laid
  2. lie/laid/lain
  3. lie/lain/lain
  4. lay/laid/laid

33. Complete the following sentence by choosing the correct homophone from the options below.
That gruelling competition really tested the _____________ of the gymnastics team.

Answers:

  1. meddle
  2. metal
  3. medal
  4. mettle

34. Choose the word that best corresponds with the definition given below.

n. A position that entails little work but provides a salary

Answers:

  1. Quiescence
  2. Theocracy
  3. Swindle
  4. Sinecure

35. Complete the following sentence by choosing the correct set of words from the options below.
Our solicitors have informed us that whilst the new tax laws will not __________ our business directly, they may have an adverse _________ on the spending power of our clients.

Answers:

  1. effect/affect
  2. affect/affect
  3. effect/effect
  4. affect/effect

36. Complete the following sentence by choosing the correct set of words from the options below.

Mr Winthrop was dismayed to discover that his wilful young wife __________ her wealth and __________ the law at every opportunity.

Answers:

  1. flouted/flouted
  2. flouted/flaunted
  3. flaunted/flouted
  4. flaunted/flaunted

37. Choose the word or phrase that is most nearly an antonym of the word below.

PRETENTIOUS

Answers:

  1. Modest
  2. Understanding
  3. Uneasy
  4. Pleasant

38. Complete the following sentence by choosing the correct word from the options below.

I screamed as the monstrous presence snaked towards me on the dark and __________ path.

Answers:

  1. tortious
  2. tortuous
  3. torturous

39. Choose the word that best corresponds with the definition given below.

adj. Narrow-minded; limited in scope

Answers:

  1. Hermetic
  2. Foreseeable
  3. Sporadic
  4. Sectarian

40. Choose the word that best corresponds with the definition given below.

adj. Sluggish; apathetic; dull

Answers:

  1. Turbid
  2. Torpid
  3. Turgid
  4. Tepid

41. Choose the word or phrase that is most nearly an antonym of the word below.

LASSITUDE

Answers:

  1. Simplicity of speech
  2. Leniency
  3. Philanthropy
  4. Vigour

42. Choose the word or phrase that is most nearly a synonym for the word in CAPITAL LETTERS in the following sentence.

The WIZENED old woman gave Jack a handful of beans and some good advice.

Answers:

  1. Sage
  2. Shrivelled
  3. Creepy
  4. Jocular

43. Choose the word that best corresponds with the definition given below.

v. To issue a vehement verbal attack; to denounce explosively

Answers:

  1. Vituperative
  2. Litigant
  3. Fulminate
  4. Exhume

44. Complete the following sentence by choosing the correct set of words from the options below.

It’s a good thing you’re so _________ at paperwork, because you’ll need to fill out hundreds of forms to __________ a child.

Answers:

  1. adapt/adapt
  2. adept/adopt
  3. adapt/adopt
  4. adopt/adept

45. Choose the word that best corresponds with the definition given below.

n. The act or fact of lessening; reduction

Answers:

  1. Diminution
  2. Protraction
  3. Dissuade
  4. Dissolution

46. Choose the definition that best reflects the meaning of the word in CAPITAL LETTERS as it is used in the sentence below.

Poverty is RIFE in the rural areas of our county, where one in three families receives some assistance.

Answers:

  1. Prevalent
  2. Unavoidable
  3. Saddening

47. Choose the word that best corresponds with the definition given below.

n. A mass or crowd; multitude

Answers:

  1. Reprieve
  2. Malady
  3. Horde
  4. Indulgence

48. Choose the word that best corresponds with the definition given below.

n. Local or provincial dialect

Answers:

  1. Invective
  2. Patois
  3. Neopaganism
  4. Polyarchy

49. Complete the following sentence by choosing the correct word from the options below.

The crafty spy gave a ____________ name to the hotel clerk.

Answers:

  1. fictive
  2. fictional
  3. fictitious

50. Choose the definition that best reflects the meaning of the word in CAPITAL LETTERS as it is used in the sentence below.

Dan was a nice bloke, but he was far too GARRULOUS and tended to monopolize people at parties.

Answers:

  1. Gluttonous
  2. Quarrelsome; contentious
  3. Excessively talkative about trivial topics

51. Choose the word or phrase that is most nearly a synonym for the word in CAPITAL LETTERS in the following sentence.

The soldier’s EXEMPLARY conduct did not go unnoticed by his sergeant.

Answers:

  1. Erratic
  2. Apathetic
  3. Admirable
  4. Meticulous

52. Complete the following sentence by choosing the correct word from the options below.
The proposed after-school tutoring programme promises _______________ benefits to the students and the community.

Answers:

  1. innumerable
  2. enumerable

53. Choose the word or phrase that is most nearly an antonym of the word below.

NONCHALANT

Answers:

  1. Courageous
  2. Unnerved
  3. Unperturbed
  4. Lethargic

54. Choose the word that best corresponds with the definition given below.

adj. Tending to create ill will or give offense

Answers:

  1. Labyrinthine
  2. Invidious
  3. Titillating
  4. Envious

55. Complete the following sentence by choosing the correct homophone from the options below.

We all remarked on how well the spray of begonias _____________ her hair colour.

Answers:

  1. complimented
  2. complemented

56. Choose the word that best corresponds with the definition given below.

adj. Understood by or intended for only a select few or a particular group

Answers:

  1. Esoteric
  2. Eccentric
  3. Narcissistic
  4. Languid

57. Choose the word that best corresponds with the definition given below.

n. Capacity for producing a desired result; effectiveness

Answers:

  1. Contumacy
  2. Defenestration
  3. Conversion
  4. Efficacy

58. Choose the definition that best reflects the meaning of the word in CAPITAL LETTERS as it is used in the sentence below.

Maude managed to sweep up the broken dishes without a word of REPROOF to her children.

Answers:

  1. Expression of disapproval or blame
  2. Expression of affection or love
  3. Expression of apology or regret

59. Choose the word that best corresponds with the definition given below.

adj. Hardhearted; unmoved by pity

Answers:

  1. Apologetic
  2. Parsimonious
  3. Obdurate
  4. Abdicated

60. Choose the definition that best reflects the meaning of the word in CAPITAL LETTERS as it is used in the sentence below.

We fully expect Elizabeth to FOIST her work on us and disappear for the weekend as usual.

Answers:

  1. Force upon; palm off
  2. Take away; take off one’s hands
  3. Keep for oneself

61. Choose the word that best corresponds with the definition given below.

adj. Easily provoked to anger; irritable

Answers:

  1. Sapid
  2. Irascible
  3. Jocund
  4. Incorrigible

62. Choose the word or phrase that is most nearly an antonym of the word below.

REFUTE

Answers:

  1. Expose
  2. Support
  3. Garbage
  4. Safe place

63. Complete the following sentence by choosing the correct word from the options below.

Though he didn’t win the advertising account, Sal made a __________ presentation that he can be proud of.

Answers:

  1. credulous
  2. creditable
  3. credible

64. Choose the definition that best reflects the meaning of the word in CAPITAL LETTERS as it is used in the sentence below.

The diplomats, who have been accused of DUPLICITY by their respective countries, have been removed from their posts.

Answers:

  1. Bad taste
  2. Deceitfulness; double-dealing
  3. Embezzlement

65. Choose the definition that best reflects the meaning of the word in CAPITAL LETTERS as it is used in the sentence below.

Running around barefoot in the snow will only EXACERBATE your flu symptoms.

Answers:

  1. Eliminate
  2. Aggravate; worsen
  3. Exhaust; drain of strength

66. Choose the definition that best reflects the meaning of the word in CAPITAL LETTERS as it is used in the sentence below.

It would BEHOVE you to show a little more respect to the judge and jury who are deciding your case.

Answers:

  1. Be too much trouble to
  2. Be detrimental to
  3. Be worthwhile or proper for; be incumbent upon

67. Complete the following sentence by choosing the correct word from the options below.

She launched her new line of handbags _________ a fanfare of publicity.

Answers:

  1. between
  2. amid
  3. among

68. Complete the following sentence by choosing the correct set of words from the options below.

She hastened to _________ me that she intends to pay the bill, and that she will _________ that the cheque is posted today.

Answers:

  1. assure/ensure
  2. ensure/insure
  3. insure/assure
  4. ensure/assure

69. Complete the following sentence by choosing the correct homophone from the options below.

This experiment was designed to ___________ certain behaviours from the test subjects.

Answers:

  1. illicit
  2. elicit

70. Choose the definition that best reflects the meaning of the word in CAPITAL LETTERS as it is used in the sentence below.

Alicia, who loved both men equally and wanted to hurt neither, found herself in quite a QUANDARY over which one she should choose.

Answers:

  1. Happy circumstance
  2. Puzzling predicament
  3. Easy decision

71. Choose the word or phrase that is most nearly a synonym for the word in CAPITAL LETTERS in the following sentence.

The coach was absolutely disgusted by his team’s INDOLENCE and nasty attitude.

Answers:

  1. Violent behaviour
  2. Odorousness
  3. Laziness
  4. Disappearance

72. Complete the following sentence by choosing the correct set of words from the options below.

I can _________ all the terms of the lease for the flat _________ the one about not allowing pets.

Answers:

  1. except/accept
  2. except/except
  3. accept/accept
  4. accept/except

73. Choose the word or phrase that is most nearly a synonym for the word in CAPITAL LETTERS in the following sentence.

His son’s group of friends had a DELETERIOUS effect on his schoolwork.

Answers:

  1. Influential
  2. Positive
  3. Hysterical
  4. Harmful

74. Choose the word or phrase that is most nearly an antonym of the word below.

AVARICE

Answers:

  1. State of good health
  2. Materialism
  3. Loneliness
  4. Generosity

75. Choose the word or phrase that is most nearly a synonym for the word in CAPITAL LETTERS in the following sentence.

Alec has always been CONTEMPTUOUS of his fellow writers.

Answers:

  1. Disdainful
  2. Inspired by
  3. Disliked by
  4. Respectful

76. Choose the definition that best reflects the meaning of the word in CAPITAL LETTERS as it is used in the sentence below.

The recent shenanigans in the town square went against all PRECEPTS of decency.

Answers:

  1. Rules for action or behaviour
  2. Vague ideas; abstractions
  3. Significance

77. Choose the definition that best reflects the meaning of the word in CAPITAL LETTERS as it is used in the sentence below.

The community theatre troupe faced one problem after another, so it was no surprise that their season ended in a DEBACLE.

Answers:

  1. Conundrum
  2. Spectacle; display
  3. Complete failure; breaking up

78. Complete the following sentence by choosing the correct homophone from the options below.

Sally was greatly __________ when I said I didn’t like redheads.

Answers:

  1. piqued
  2. peeked
  3. peaked

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