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Upwork English Language

UK English Oxford Style Editing Skills Test (For Writing Professionals) 2016

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1. Read the following passage and select the option that illustrates the best course of action for an editor to take.

1)Delilah’s twenty page tale of derring do
2)delighted the dignitaries who stamped their
3)feet in approval. Reading from a dais draped
4)in crepe, she felt like a modern day Scheherazade.

Answers:

  1. Edit lines (1) and (4) for hyphenation.
  2. Edit line (2) for missing comma.
  3. Edit lines (1) and (3) for diction.
  4. Edit line (4) for comma use and allusion errors.
  5. a and d
  6. a and b
  7. This passage does not need editing.

2. Choose the editing option that best corrects the underlined part of the following sentence.

To maintain a healthy body and mind, one must exercise, eat fruits and vegetables and refrain from cigarettes and drinking alcohol.

Answers:

  1. refrain from smoking cigarettes and drinks.
  2. refrain from smoking and drinking alcohol.
  3. refrain from smoking cigarettes and drinking alcohol.
  4. refrain from cigarettes and drinking.
  5. This sentence is correct; the editor should take no action.

3. Read the following passage and select the option that illustrates the best course of action for an editor to take.

‘Have you read Zinn’s A People’s History of the United States?’ asked Jamie.
‘Yes’, I replied, ‘and I must say it’s the most eye-opening history book I’ve read in some time.’

Answers:

  1. Replace the comma after ‘replied’ with a period and capitalise the following ‘and’.
  2. Change ‘People’s’ from a possessive to a plural noun.
  3. Underline or italicize the book title.
  4. a and c
  5. This passage is correct; the editor should take no action.

4. Choose the editing option that best corrects the underlined part of the following sentence.

It will require diligence and careful planning to rebuild the town’s infrastructure and create systems of protection for future hurricanes.

Answers:

  1. create systems of protection about future hurricanes
  2. to create systems of protection regarding future hurricanes
  3. create those systems needed to protect that infrastructure from any future hurricanes
  4. create systems of protection against future hurricanes
  5. This sentence is correct; the editor should take no action.

5. Read the following passage and select the option that illustrates the best course of action for an editor to take.

1)Whether Steve is aware of it or not,
2)today is the anniversary of us packing up the
3)house and hightailing it to Canada. If I were
4)you, I wouldn’t remind him of it.

Answers:

  1. Edit line (1) for structure and punctuation.
  2. Edit line (2) to correct error in possessive determiner.
  3. Edit line (3) to correct idiom and verb tense errors.
  4. Edit line (4) for pronoun reference.
  5. This passage does not need editing.

6. Read the following passage and select the option that illustrates the best course of action for an editor to take.

1)If you are concerned about wrinkles and other telltale signs of age,
2)you should know that prolonged sun exposure has at least two damaging effects:
3)not only is the wrinkling of the skin hastened, but it may also result in
4)lowered immunity against infection.

Answers:

  1. Edit line (1) for redundancy.
  2. Edit line (2) for passive voice.
  3. Edit line (3) for unnecessary shift in voice.
  4. Edit line (4) for faulty phrasing.
  5. This passage is correct; the editor should take no action.

7. Read the following passage and select the option that illustrates the best course of action for an editor to take.

1)Knowing she had no right for privacy as long
2)as she stayed in the convent, Marta hid her forbidden
3)diary in the secret compartment she’d discovered
4)besides the confessional in the chapel.

Answers:

  1. Edit lines (1) and (4) for preposition usage.
  2. Edit lines (2) and (3) for pronoun usage.
  3. Edit line (2) for modifier placement.
  4. Edit line (1) for participle use.
  5. Edit line (3) for verb tense.
  6. This passage does not need editing.

8. Read the following passage and select the option that illustrates the best course of action for an editor to take.

1)Even though Sharon spends a good deal of time complaining,
2)bemoaning her fate and wishing that her circumstances
3)are not quite so humble, I’m pretty sure that she is
4)grateful for everything she has.

Answers:

  1. Edit lines (1) and (4) for pronoun-antecedent agreement.
  2. Edit line (2) for verb tense consistency.
  3. Edit lines (1) and (3) to correct errors in diction and idiomatic expressions.
  4. Edit line (3) to correct error in present tense vs. past subjunctive mood.
  5. This passage does not need editing.

9. Choose the editing option that best corrects the underlined part of the following sentence.

A doctor at the City Clinic in Manchester claims that if women give up smoking and ate a healthy diet, their children would be less likely to develop lung diseases.

Answers:

  1. claims that if women gave up smoking and ate a healthy diet
  2. claims that if women had given up smoking and eaten a healthy diet
  3. claimed that when a woman gives up smoking and eats a healthy diet
  4. claims that if women give up smoking and eat a healthy diet
  5. claimed that when women gave up smoking and ate a healthy diet

10. Read the following passage and select the option that illustrates the best course of action for an editor to take.

1)Catherine Bliss, who was one of the richest women
2)in the city in the 1940s, died at the age of 92 in a dingy
3)London hotel suite where she had lived with 3 cats and five
4)parakeets for more than 20 years. Her downfall was attributed to
5)her husband Barry Bliss’s shady dealings in the early 1970s.

Answers:

  1. Edit line (1) for passive voice.
  2. Edit lines (2) and (5) for apostrophe usage.
  3. Edit lines (3) and (4) for number style.
  4. This passage is correct; the editor should take no action.

11. Read the following passage and select the option that illustrates the best course of action for an editor to take.

‘Those fake pearls and the upswept hairdo makes her look like a poor man’s Grace Kelly’, drawled Inga. ‘But please don’t tell her I said that’.

Answers:

  1. Edit the second quoted speech to correct ambiguous pronoun reference.
  2. Change ‘poor man’s’ to ‘second-rate’ to correct error in idiom usage.
  3. Edit the main verb in the first quoted speech to correct a subject-verb agreement error.
  4. Insert a comma after ‘Inga’ and lower-case the capital B in ‘But’.
  5. This passage is correct; the editor should take no action.

12. Read the following passage and select the option that illustrates the best course of action for an editor to take.

1)After the accident, Justine left her teaching
2)job; she has not able to resume her teaching
3)and possibly never will be able
4)to resume her teaching again.

Answers:

  1. Edit line (1) for adverb clause structure and punctuation.
  2. Edit line (2) for omission of a completing verb form.
  3. Edit lines (2), (3) and (4) to eliminate repetition of ‘able’ and ‘her teaching’.
  4. Delete ‘again’ in line (4) to avoid redundancy.
  5. a, b and d
  6. b, c and d

13. Choose the editing option that best corrects the underlined part of the following sentence.

After a whole morning of experimenting with all these new potions and pills, I’m sorry to say that my migraine is as bad today as yesterday.

Answers:

  1. is as bad today just as it was yesterday
  2. is as bad today as it was yesterday
  3. was worse today than it had been yesterday
  4. was as bad today as yesterday
  5. This sentence is correct; the editor should take no action.

14. Choose the editing option that best corrects the underlined part of the following sentence.

An understanding of the manner in which different types of disciplinary tactics affects student behaviour will help us design better methods for classroom management.

Answers:

  1. Understanding how different types of disciplinary tactics affect student behaviour
  2. An understanding of the way that disciplinary tactics affects student behaviour
  3. Having an understanding of how different types of disciplinary tactics affect student behaviour
  4. Different types of disciplinary tactics affect students in diverse ways, and understanding that
  5. This sentence is correct; the editor should take no action.

15. Read the following passage and select the option that illustrates the best course of action for an editor to take.

1)I know that Thomas is eager to move
2)operations to the east; however, it might be a
3)first good step for him to assess just how many
4)of his current employees are willing to relocate.

Answers:

  1. Edit line (2) for use of conjunctive adverbs.
  2. Edit line (2) for capitalisation.
  3. Edit line (3) for placement of adjectives.
  4. Edit line (4) for preposition usage.
  5. b and c
  6. This passage does not need editing.

16. Read the following passage and select the option that illustrates the best course of action for an editor to take.

1)So the guy breaks into our house, steals our stuff and
2)then slips on the ice in the driveway on his way out,
3)breaking his ankles. And guess what? He hit us with a
4)personal injury suite. Isn’t that the most ridiculous
5)tragedy of justice you ever heard of?

Answers:

  1. Edit lines (1) and (2) for comma usage errors.
  2. Edit line (3) for idiom usage error.
  3. Edit line (4) for spelling error.
  4. Edit line (5) for diction error.
  5. b and c
  6. c and d
  7. This passage is correct; the editor should take no action.

17. Choose the editing option that best corrects the underlined part of the following sentence.

If all goes according to plan, three years from now Agatha will marry, give birth to two children and learn how to juggle a hectic career in between.

Answers:

  1. marries, gives birth to two children and learns how to juggle
  2. has married and given birth to two children and had already learned how to juggle
  3. will marry and give birth to two children and she will learn how to juggle
  4. will have married, given birth to two children and learned how to juggle
  5. This sentence is correct; the editor should take no action.

18. Read the following passage and select the option that illustrates the best course of action for an editor to take.

1)Brooke went with Carrie, Tom’s event
2)planner, to pick out flowers for Tom’s luncheon,
3)but she couldn’t find anything she liked; hence, they
4)went home empty-handed.

Answers:

  1. Edit line (1) for punctuation.
  2. Edit line (2) for phrasal verb use.
  3. Edit line (3) for pronoun reference.
  4. Edit line (3) for conjunctive adverb use.
  5. Edit line (4) for diction and hyphenation.
  6. This passage does not need editing.

19. Read the following closing paragraph of an Internet-based business-to-consumer sales letter and select the option that illustrates the best course of action for an editor to take.

So are you ready to get your head out of the weeds? CLICK HERE to order your Garden Guru Deluxe package and FREE GardenFriend Tool Belt, and join more than 100,000 other hard-working people who now spend their weekends playing instead of pruning! And just to sweeten the pot, I’ll take off an additional 30% if you order before 10th of December. You can’t beat that with a stick!

Weedlessly Yours,
Jay Appleseed
President, Garden Guru Inc.

P.S. I have your deluxe Package and FREE gift ready to send to you. After you order using your credit card, I’ll send you your tracking number and full instructions. Click here to order.

Answers:

  1. For the sake of credibility, strongly suggest that the author back up his claim that ‘100,000 people’ own this product.
  2. Change instances of ALL CAPS to sentence case or lowercase as appropriate.
  3. Recast the entire closing to eliminate humour.
  4. Delete the unprofessional ‘P.S.’
  5. None of the above actions are necessary. Though it may benefit from a little tweaking, this closing is acceptable.

20. Choose the editing option that best corrects the underlined part of the following sentence.

According to the chief of surgery, the risk of death from this medical procedure is about the same from an airplane crash or from a nuclear reactor meltdown.

Answers:

  1. the same as an airplane crash or
  2. the same as from an airplane crash as well as that from
  3. the same as from an airplane crash or
  4. This sentence is correct; the editor should take no action.

21. Read the following passage and select the option that illustrates the best course of action for an editor to take.

1)Greta, who is completely enamoured of her new
2)designer handbag, is even more enamoured of the
3)envious glances she receives from her pals.
4)Made of buttery leather, Greta’s fashionista friend just
5)had to run out and get one of her own.

Answers:

  1. Edit lines (1) and (2) for diction.
  2. Edit lines (2) and (3) for adjective usage.
  3. Edit line (4) for dangling modifier.
  4. Edit line (5) for phrasal verb usage.
  5. This passage does not need editing.

22. Read the following passage and select the option that illustrates the best course of action for an editor to take.

1)I am unable to forgive my neighbour who
2)fails to return a lawnmower he had taken
3)from my garage without my permission. He is
4)now persona non grata in my home.

Answers:

  1. Edit line (1) for pronoun reference.
  2. Edit line (2) for verb tense consistency.
  3. Edit lines (1) and (4) for diction.
  4. Edit line (3) for punctuation.
  5. This passage does not need editing.

23. Read the following passage and select the option that illustrates the best course of action for an editor to take.

1)’If you cut along the crease here’, said Haruko, ‘then
2)fold the paper into a triangle thusly and then fold it
3)again to form a base, you will have made yourself a
4)chic—and cheap—yacht’. She sat back, clearly satisfied.
5)’And that’s the beauty of origami!’

Answers:

  1. Edit lines (1), (3) and (4) for punctuation.
  2. Edit line (2) for adverb usage.
  3. Edit line (4) for dangling modifier.
  4. Edit line (5) for end punctuation.
  5. a, b and d
  6. This passage does not need editing.

24. Read the following passage and select the option that illustrates the best course of action for an editor to take.

1)Like a miniature solar system, the moths orbited the
2)fire, their firefly companions providing intermittent
3)flashes of starlight. We sat in our lawn chairs,
4)as silent as empty space, enthralled by the show.

Answers:

  1. Edit line (1) for illogical comparison.
  2. Edit line (2) for faulty phrasing.
  3. Edit line (3) for clarity.
  4. Edit line (4) for incomplete comparison.
  5. This passage does not need editing.

25. Read the following passage and identify the type of error it contains.

Harold simply cannot get over the fact that Maude eats up every night of the week. If he had his druthers, he’d tie her over until she realized how wonderful it was to tuck into a nice home-cooked meal.

Answers:

  1. Error in phrasal verb usage
  2. Error in modal verb usage
  3. Incorrect use of idiomatic expressions
  4. Inconsistency in verb tense
  5. This passage is correct.

26. Choose the editing option that best corrects the underlined part of the following sentence.

Herbert works hard all week and has plans every weekend for the next year and he still finds time to volunteer at the animal shelter.

Answers:

  1. Herbert works hard all week and he has plans every weekend for the next year and he
  2. Working hard all week and having plans every weekend for the next year, Herbert
  3. Although Herbert works hard all week and has plans every weekend for the next year, he
  4. Despite working hard all week and with plans every weekend for the next year, Herbert
  5. This sentence is correct; the editor should take no action.

27. Read the following passage and select the option that illustrates the best course of action for an editor to take.

1)Why, Helen wondered, did I ever show my face in Troy?
2)There’s been nothing but infighting, death and destruction
3)—not to mention the cost of launching those thousand
4)ships. My choice is clear: I’m moving to Swindon.

Answers:

  1. Edit line (1) for inverted commas.
  2. Edit lines (1) and (2) for overuse of commas.
  3. Edit line (2) for omission of hyphen.
  4. Edit line (3) for use of em dash.
  5. Edit line (4) for capitalisation and use of colon.
  6. This passage is correct; the editor should take no action.

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Upwork English Language

UK English Grammar Test (For Writing Professionals) 2016

Published by:

1. Identify the sentence that illustrates clear pronoun reference.

Answers:

  1. After putting the silverware in the cabinet, Mabel sold it.
  2. The clowns told the acrobats that they would receive a bonus after the performance.
  3. Rhonda filed a complaint with the police, but they were unresponsive.
  4. We called Dr. Arnold’s office all day, but he never answered the phone

2. Choose the series of pronouns that best completes the following sentence.

Only one of the nurses __________ works in the field hospital is certified, and _________ has been out sick for two weeks.

Answers:

  1. who, she
  2. whom, she
  3. which, that
  4. that, which

3. Read the following passage and identify the type of sentence structure error it contains.

Surprisingly, everyone at the pot-luck dinner thought Melina’s everyday Jell-O salad was tastier than Frank’s spectacular, towering Twinkie cake. In a fit of pique, Frank told each guest that their opinions mean nothing to him; then he grabbed his cake, flung a Twinkie or two at the crowd, and slammed out the door.

Answers:

  1. Comparison
  2. Pronoun-antecedent agreement
  3. Diction
  4. Parallelism
  5. Verb tense shift
  6. b and e
  7. b, c, and d

4. Choose the option that best corrects the verb tense error in the underlined part of the following sentence.

The detailed mosaic work on the ancient altar is of such high quality and rare beauty that no modern artwork of the same genre had ever come close to matching it.

Answers:

  1. no modern artwork of the same genre had ever come close to matching it
  2. it had no equal compared to modern artwork of the same genre
  3. no modern artwork of the same genre comes close to matching it
  4. no modern artwork of the same genre will ever have come close to matching it
  5. no modern artwork of the same genre has ever come close to matching it

5. Choose the verb tense that best completes the following sentence.

Sarah was so late arriving home that Mike ____________ to bed.

Answers:

  1. had already gone
  2. has already gone
  3. already went
  4. will already have gone

6. Choose the option that best completes the following sentence.

Three essential components of a correct comparison between two or more items are _______________ .

Answers:

  1. pertinence, relativity, and parallel structure
  2. completeness, logic, and parallel structure
  3. relativity, logic, and pertinence

7. Identify the sentence that is written in active voice.

Answers:

  1. A disembodied grin was left hanging in the air when the Cheshire Cat disappeared.
  2. Fourteen songs have been written about her by her ex-boyfriend.
  3. The four finalists in the ballroom dancing competition will be honoured by the judges at tonight’s dinner.
  4. The supervisor has told us seven times not to unplug all the computers—why do we keep doing it?

8. Identify the sentence that illustrates correct use of modifiers.

Answers:

  1. Of the two companies, Groose & Grouse is the more reliable.
  2. I had never seen so much people in one place—it was truly frightening!
  3. Mt. Kiskayuna is the taller of the three peaks of the mountain range.
  4. Grandpa always said that he preferred less words and more action.

9. Choose the series of verbs that best completes the following passage.

“I heard you ___________ much better since you ___________ that medication,” said Randolph. “Not really,” _________ Monica. “Now my insomnia ___________ by nightmares.”

Answers:

  1. were sleeping, took, replied, was replaced
  2. had been sleeping, started to take, replies, is replaced
  3. were sleeping, started to take, replied, is replaced
  4. have been sleeping, started taking, replied, has been replaced

10. Choose the option that best corrects the pronoun reference error in the underlined part of the following sentence.

When Harold discovered that Robert had misrepresented his qualifications, he was furious.

Answers:

  1. that Robert had misrepresented his qualifications, he was furious
  2. that Robert was furious because he had misrepresented his qualifications
  3. that Robert had misrepresented Harold’s qualifications, Harold was furious
  4. Robert’s qualifications, he was furious because they had been misrepresented

11. Choose the option that best completes the following sentence.

In the sentence “To know him is to love him,” the phrase “to know him” is _____________ .

Answers:

  1. the subject of the sentence
  2. an infinitive phrase acting as a noun
  3. the predicate of this sentence
  4. a and b

12. Choose the option that corrects the parallelism error contained in the following sentence.

Greta is either moving to Germany next month or she will stay in Iceland for another year.

Answers:

  1. Greta is either moving to Germany next month or staying in Iceland for another year.
  2. Either Greta is moving to Germany next month, or she is staying in Iceland for another year.
  3. Either Greta will move to Germany next month or staying in Iceland for another year.
  4. a and b
  5. b and c

13. Choose the series of verbs that best completes the following passage.

Sally’s chronic carelessness ________ her in the hospital again. This time she _______ run over by a tractor as she ________ peacefully in a wheat field.

Answers:

  1. landed, had been, was snoozing
  2. has landed, was, snoozed
  3. is landing, has been, snoozed
  4. has landed, was, was snoozing

14. Choose the option that best completes the following sentence.

The general rule in grammar is to place modifiers _______________ .

Answers:

  1. as close as possible to the beginning of the sentence
  2. immediately before the words they modify
  3. as close as possible to the words they modify
  4. immediately after the words they modify

15. Identify the sentence that is written in active voice.

Answers:

  1. When I loaned my bike to Thomas, it was red; when Thomas returned the bike to me, it had inexplicably been painted yellow by him.
  2. A note had been written in the snow by the stranded skiers, but no one saw it in time.
  3. The waiter cleared our plates before we had even finished dessert.
  4. The artist’s use of vibrant colours was always remarked upon by the art critics.

16. Choose the option that best corrects the sentence structure error underlined in the following sentence.

The martini, very dry, was sipped taciturnly by Sebastian while Wanda, absentmindedly twirling the little umbrella in her cocktail, stared at him maliciously.

Answers:

  1. The martini, very dry, was sipped taciturnly by Sebastian
  2. The very dry martini was taciturnly sipped by Sebastian
  3. Sebastian sipped his very dry martini taciturnly
  4. Sebastian, who sipped his dry martini taciturnly,
  5. Sebastian taciturnly sipped his very dry martini

17. Choose the option that best completes the following sentence.

An antecedent is _______________ .

Answers:

  1. an independent clause
  2. the noun a pronoun stands for
  3. a rule of precedence for compound nouns in a sentence
  4. the beginning of a sentence

18. Choose the option that best completes the following sentence.

Neither Alice nor Amy mentioned Alan’s arrogant behaviour _________________.

Answers:

  1. lest he’d lose his temper
  2. lest he lose his temper
  3. lest he loses his temper
  4. less he lose his temper

19. Choose the option that best corrects the verb tense error in the underlined part of the following sentence.

Just as the second act was about to start, the stage manager came out and told the audience that the lead actress fell ill during intermission and needed the aid of a doctor before the show could go on.

Answers:

  1. that the lead actress fell ill during intermission and needed the aid of a doctor
  2. that the lead actress fell ill during intermission and had needed the aid of a doctor
  3. that the lead actress had fallen ill during intermission and needed the aid of a doctor
  4. that the lead actress has been ill during intermission and would need the aid of a doctor
  5. that the lead actress was ill during intermission and had been in need of a doctor’s aid

20. Which of the following sentences contains a pronoun-antecedent agreement error?

Answers:

  1. The news of her crushing defeat has lost much of its sting by now.
  2. Either the Minister of Education or her secretaries will eat their lunch in the office today.
  3. Helmut believes that anyone who betrays their family is a good-for-nothing wretch.
  4. A number of volunteers are offering their help to find the missing bear.

21. Choose the series of words that correctly completes the following passage.

Stanley worked five hours ________ ________ last week in order to ________ the company’s software. The new _________ is really great! I’m going to _________ some cake and champagne for him. Would you ________ the table in the conference room?

Answers:

  1. overtime, everyday, up grade, set up, pickup, setup
  2. overtime, every day, upgrade, setup, pick up, set up
  3. over time, everyday, upgrade, setup, pickup, set up
  4. overtime, everyday, up grade, set up, pick up, setup

22. Choose the option that corrects the parallelism error contained in the following sentence.

Not only does Rachel expect a promotion within the next year but also a significant increase in salary.

Answers:

  1. Not only does Rachel expect a promotion within the next year, but she also expects a significant increase in salary.
  2. Rachel expects not only a promotion within the next year but also a significant increase in salary.
  3. a and b
  4. None of the above—original sentence has no error

23. Choose the series of modifiers that best completes the following sentence.

_________ enough, even though we mixed all those _________ ingredients together, the cake turned out remarkably ________; however, it did smell _________ while it was baking.

Answers:

  1. Strange, strange, good, strange
  2. Strangely, strange, well, strange
  3. Strangely, strange, well, strangely
  4. Strangely, strangely, good, strange

24. Complete the following sentence by choosing the verbs that agree with the subject.

The clown with his accompanying unicyclists _________ surprised to find that the elephants or the zebra ________ chewing on his rubber noses in the dressing room.

Answers:

  1. were, were
  2. was, was
  3. were, was
  4. was, were

25. Identify the sentence that contains a verb tense error.

Answers:

  1. Oh, how the queen wished that she had not married the king!
  2. Jethro has lost his keys and does not remember where he last saw them.
  3. The hunter claimed that he killed more than a hundred lions in his life.
  4. Siobhan has been playing the harp for the last three years—and, boy, her fingers are tired!

26. Choose the option that best corrects the comparison error in the underlined part of the following sentence.

With so many young adults entering the workforce, few people are surprised that there are larger numbers of unemployed college graduates than twenty years ago.

Answers:

  1. then there were twenty years ago
  2. there was twenty years ago
  3. than there were twenty years ago
  4. than did occur twenty years ago

27. Identify the sentence that illustrates correct verb tense usage.

Answers:

  1. Being an accomplished skier herself, Magda understood that Grandma’s old trophies captured the moments in which Grandma excelled.
  2. Sergio told me that he just discovered a secret door under his porch, but I think he knows about it since he moved into the house.
  3. Because Alma did a great deal of volunteer work for the new library before it opened, she was honoured at a special dinner.
  4. Never having read The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, I found myself in a fix when asked to explain why Huck decides to light out for the territory at the end of the book.
  5. c and d

28. Choose the series of verbs that best completes the following sentence.

__________ a picky eater my whole life, I ________ I wouldn’t like those fried fish lips.

Answers:

  1. To be, had to know
  2. Having been, knew
  3. Having been, had known
  4. Being, knew

29. Choose the series of verbs that best completes the following passage.

Garrett ___________ ostracized by the other penguins for so long that he no longer noticed the way they _________ him. For their part, the others _________ Garrett _________ a rogue.

Answers:

  1. has been, shun, believe, to be
  2. had been, shunned, believed, to be
  3. was, shunned, believed, was
  4. had been, shun, believe, is

30. Choose the option that best corrects the pronoun reference error in the following sentence.

There is advice about marketing, which is invaluable, in Kerstall’s new book.

Answers:

  1. Kerstall offers invaluable advice about marketing in her new book.
  2. With advice about marketing, the help offered in Kerstall’s new book is invaluable.
  3. In Kerstall’s new book she offers invaluable advice about marketing.
  4. In her new book, Kerstall offers invaluable advice about marketing.

31. Identify the sentence that illustrates correct pronoun-antecedent agreement.

Answers:

  1. If one wants to do well in this job, you should watch, listen, and learn.
  2. The fine arts gallery will be presenting the works of their students next week.
  3. When the baby is done with the bottle, it must be sterilized.
  4. The snow, which was falling gently, melted on my upturned face.

32. Identify the sentence that illustrates correct modifier placement.

Answers:

  1. Felicity ordered a croissant and a hot cup of tea.
  2. I wasn’t at all hungry, so I only ordered soup and a salad.
  3. Though Tom has lived there for years, he has hardly any friends.
  4. We barely have enough time to finish our shopping.

33. Identify the sentence that illustrates correct modifier placement.

Answers:

  1. Left at home alone, the hurricane terrified the young children.
  2. No one is allowed to shoot anything on this property except Mr Lang and his sons.
  3. The speaker with the booming voice was upstaged by a small, meowing kitten.
  4. Charlie and Sarah asked us to go skiing on the phone last night.

34. Read the following passage and identify the type of sentence structure error it contains.

“That moose stood smack-dab in the middle of the road,” recounted our neighbour, Griffin, from his hospital bed. “I have only three choices: to hit the brakes and hope for the best, to swerve into the trees and hope for the best, or running him over and hoping for the best. Guess which one I chose?”

Answers:

  1. Run-on sentence
  2. Diction
  3. Faulty modifier
  4. Parallelism
  5. Verb tense shift
  6. d and e
  7. All of the above

35. Choose the series of verbs that best completes the following passage.

Honestly, I _______________ to tolerate that know-it-all air of yours. _________ me __________ my condolences to your wife, who _________ to listen to your incessant lecturing for many years to come.

Answers:

  1. have never been able, Allow, to renew, will have
  2. am never able, Allow, to renew, will have
  3. had never been able, Allowing, has renewed, must
  4. have never been able, Allow, to renew, has

36. Complete the following sentence by choosing the pronouns that agree with the antecedents.

Although both did a good job in ____________ contemporary pieces, the taller dancer showed more flair in ___________.

Answers:

  1. her, hers
  2. her, theirs
  3. their, hers
  4. his or her, theirs

37. Read the following passage and identify the type of sentence structure error it contains.

Even if you hide the marmalade in the remotest corner of the house, you can be sure that Carlotta will nose it out, devour it, and hide the evidence before you know what hit you.

Answers:

  1. Misplaced modifier
  2. Pronoun reference
  3. Subject-verb agreement
  4. Parallelism
  5. Verb tense shift
  6. None of the above

38. Identify the sentence that contains a faulty comparison.

Answers:

  1. Several people less qualified than Alistair have been promoted over the last few months.
  2. As far as I’m concerned, reading a good book is still preferable to surfing the Internet.
  3. Betty thinks that working late hours every day is better than early mornings.
  4. Studies show that people who have money enough to meet their needs are more satisfied with their lives than those who have excessive wealth.

39. Choose the series of pronouns that best completes the following sentence.

Agatha agreed with John and ____________ even though _______ had previously clashed with _____________ on the subject.

Answers:

  1. myself, we, her
  2. I, she, us
  3. I, we, us
  4. me, she, us

40. Choose the series of modifiers that best completes the following sentence.

We heard your performance was really __________ last night and felt __________ that we had missed it.

Answers:

  1. well, bad
  2. good, badly
  3. well, badly
  4. good, bad

41. Identify the sentence that illustrates correct comparison structure.

Answers:

  1. Rudy has always liked squid more than Tabitha.
  2. The countryside of Austria is more beautiful than that of France.
  3. Reading newspapers is no longer as popular as the Internet.
  4. Jupiter is larger than any planet in the universe.

42. Read the following sentence and identify the type of sentence structure error it contains.

At the ripe old age of three, my father gave me my first ride on a motorcycle.

Answers:

  1. Dangling modifier
  2. Pronoun-antecedent agreement
  3. Diction
  4. Comparison
  5. Verb tense shift

43. Identify the sentence that illustrates proper sentence construction.

Answers:

  1. We got really lucky with our new bakery. It’s clean, recently refurbished and conveniently located.
  2. Either people go to school to learn something of just to enjoy socialising.
  3. Either people go to school to learn something new or just to enjoy socializing.
  4. Sharon asked the grocer if the cheese was fresh and could she have a taste.

44. Which of the following sentences contains a subject-verb agreement error?

Answers:

  1. Helga and her sisters were certain that the daffodils would bloom in time for the fair.
  2. Artie’s favourite chair, together with all his silverware and tennis rackets, was destroyed in the fire.
  3. In these caves lives some of the most fascinating species of bats.
  4. Your proclamations, like your audacity, are overwhelming.

45. Which of the following statements is true?

Answers:

  1. A modifier adds information to another element of the sentence.
  2. A modifier can be an adjective, adverb, clause, or phrase.
  3. Adverbs modify verbs, adjectives, and other adverbs.
  4. Adjectives modify nouns, pronouns, and adverbs.
  5. a, b, and c
  6. a, b, and d

46. Choose the series of pronouns that best completes the following sentence.

I met some tourists, ________ of ________ were university students, at my friend’s house.

Answers:

  1. none, which
  2. several, whom
  3. some, who
  4. some, which

47. Identify the sentence that illustrates proper sentence construction.

Answers:

  1. I had begun scarcely eating when a fly landed in my soup.
  2. His conduct was so enigmatic that I failed to find any explanation for it.
  3. Don had just stepped out of the car when he turns to see Fido running to greet him.
  4. Neither sickness will keep me away from the festivities, nor a snowstorm.
  5. a and b
  6. a and c

48. Identify the sentence that contains a verb tense error.

Answers:

  1. Some of the people on the Alaskan cruise had never seen snow before.
  2. Our science teacher told us that the earth revolved around the sun.
  3. If we don’t make a sincere effort to strengthen our skills, we will end up with nothing to show for our hard work.
  4. No sooner do the rains come than the countryside bears a green mantle.

49. Read the following passage and identify the type of sentence structure error it contains.

Mr Grink, who was walking along the boulevard dressed in an impeccable tuxedo, was blissfully unaware of the black clouds of discontent that were gathering menacingly behind him.

Answers:

  1. Comma splice
  2. Pronoun reference
  3. Misplaced modifier
  4. Subject-verb agreement
  5. Verb tense shift

50. Which of the following sentences uses correct diction?

Answers:

  1. Emma said the reason she’s moving is because the neighbours are too noisy.
  2. Let’s work together to try and correct the problem, shall we?
  3. Regardless of his position in the company, I find his behaviour really aggravating.
  4. We didn’t receive any of our packages on time on account of the snowstorm.
  5. a and d
  6. None of the above

51. Identify the sentence that contains an error in sentence structure.

Answers:

  1. As the plane landed I squeezed my husband’s hand, who was sitting next to me.
  2. We realized too late that while our hotel was in Capri, we had disembarked in Malta.
  3. The island was still far away when I told my father I was tired of swimming.
  4. We wandered happily among the ancient ruins, frolicked gaily on the shore, and slept peacefully under the stars.

52. Choose the option that best corrects the subject-verb agreement error in the underlined part of the following sentence.

Neither volunteering at the fire department nor fundraising for the theatre and schools has stopped Aunt Marnie to help the animals at the local shelter.

Answers:

  1. has stopped Aunt Marnie to help
  2. have stopped Aunt Marnie from helping
  3. has stopped Aunt Marnie from helping
  4. has stopped Aunt Marnie helping

53. Choose the option that best corrects the diction errors in the underlined part of the following sentence.

After two thrilling hours at the toy store, Gregory was devastated to learn that he’d have to choose between his eleven action figures; you see, the sign at the check out counter said, “Ten items or less.”

Answers:

  1. between his eleven action figures; you see, the sign at the check out counter said, “Ten items or less.”
  2. among his eleven action figures; you see, the sign at the checkout counter said, “Ten items or less.”
  3. among his eleven action figures; you see, the sign at the checkout counter said, “Ten or fewer items.”
  4. between his eleven action figures; you see, the sign at the check out counter said, “Ten or fewer items.”

54. Choose the series of pronouns that best completes the following sentence.

The ideological chasm that stretches between __________ and __________ is impassable.

Answers:

  1. him, I
  2. him, me
  3. he, I
  4. he, me

55. Which of the following sentences contains a pronoun error?

Answers:

  1. Francine objected loudly to us buying a new boat.
  2. His complaining about every little thing made him unpleasant to be around.
  3. You see, we sailors really love the sea.
  4. I do not like your arriving ten minutes after class has started.

56. Complete the following sentence by choosing the verbs that agree with the subject.

The arrangements for the reception, which _______ handled exclusively by Brown & Mangle, _________ an utter disaster.

Answers:

  1. was, was
  2. was, were
  3. were, were
  4. were, was

57. Identify the sentence that illustrates correct verb tense usage.

Answers:

  1. In Austen’s novel, Marianne Dashwood makes a spectacle of herself at the ball and is quickly spirited away by her sister.
  2. My favourite part of The Wizard of Oz is when the house fell on the witch.
  3. In Shakespeare’s Much Ado About Nothing, Claudio accuses Hero of wanton behaviour and, as a result, almost lost his chance at love.
  4. Steinbeck’s The Grapes of Wrath tells the story of the Joad family and the many harsh obstacles they faced.

58. Choose the option that best corrects the subject-verb agreement error in the underlined part of the following sentence.

The stunning beaches, rolling hills, and charming medieval towns of Tuscany explain its popularity with tourists.

Answers:

  1. explains its popularity
  2. explain their popularity
  3. are the reasons for their popularity
  4. None of the above—the original sentence has no error

59. Complete the following sentence by choosing the pronoun that agrees with the antecedent.

When Crenshaw finally appeared on stage and saved the day, the audience roared _________ approval.

Answers:

  1. their
  2. its
  3. his
  4. one’s

60. Choose the series of verbs that best completes the following sentence.

_______________ Bertha’s eyes to limpid pools of light, Benny sat smugly back in his wing chair and ___________ for Bertha ___________ with delight at his poetic prowess.

Answers:

  1. Having compared, waited, to swoon
  2. Comparing, was waiting, swooning
  3. To compare, waited, to swoon
  4. Having compared, was waiting, to swoon

61. Which of the following sentences contains an error in diction?

Answers:

  1. He had a large amount of ammunition left, but only a small amount of bullets.
  2. Being that I hadn’t eaten since breakfast, I started to feel lightheaded.
  3. Did you get a discount on that scarf or did you get it for free?
  4. Though I’m loathe to admit it, I rather liked his performance art piece.
  5. a and d
  6. All of the above

62. Identify the sentence that illustrates correct comparison structure.

Answers:

  1. Did you notice that completing the math questions was much easier than the essay questions?
  2. My dad’s barbecued steaks were always tastier than Uncle Dave.
  3. Melanie dances as well if not better than most of the girls in the ballet corps.
  4. There can be no doubt that the people in Janet’s office are more astute than those in Jack’s.
  5. a and b
  6. a and d

63. Identify the sentence that illustrates correct subject-verb agreement.

Answers:

  1. These solar panels and that potted plant make the studio seem so much airier.
  2. Amanda is one of those people who loves afternoon football games.
  3. Either Cassandra or her children is going to Hawaii for the holidays.
  4. Jack was the only one of the climbers who were injured.

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Upwork English Language

UK English Basic Skills Test 2016

Published by:

1. Change the following sentence from a quotation to indirect speech.

‘Sharon must go to the bank today’, said Albert.

Answers:

  1. Albert says Sharon will have to go to the bank today.
  2. Albert said Sharon has to go to the bank today.
  3. Albert says Sharon must go to the bank today.
  4. Albert said Sharon had to go to the bank today.

2. Choose the series of adjectives and adverbs that best completes the following sentence.

The archaeologists were ________ to discover such a __________ and __________ _________ artefact at that mostly uncovered site.

Answers:

  1. amazing, rarely, incredible, beautifully
  2. amazed, rare, incredibly, beautiful
  3. beautiful, rarity, amazingly, incredible
  4. amazingly, beautiful, rarely, incredible

3. Which of the following sentences is NOT punctuated correctly?

Answers:

  1. All of the apple’s at the grocer’s were rotten, so I bought oranges instead.
  2. “Seven canteens full of water should be enough for the hike,” said Tabitha.
  3. Until the stove is fixed, there’s no way I can bake a lemon meringue pie.
  4. The woman, whose name escapes me at the moment, disappeared into the limousine.

4. Choose the series of adjectives and adverbs that best completes the following sentence.

The helium-__________ balloon rose __________ into the air; the villagers knew then that their __________ leader was off on another mission.

Answers:

  1. power, powerful, powered
  2. powered, powered, powerful
  3. powered, powerfully, powerful
  4. powerful, powered, powerfully

5. Choose the series of prepositions that best completes the following sentence.

Jack, leaning casually ________ the tree, watched as Sally walked slowly ________ him.

Answers:

  1. against, towards
  2. toward, against
  3. upon, past
  4. off, beside

6. Read the following question and choose the response that uses the correct corresponding verb tense.

Will you be going to the company picnic this year?

Answers:

  1. Yes, I will have always gone every year.
  2. No, unfortunately I didn’t have time this year.
  3. Yes, and I plan on swimming, fishing and eating all day!
  4. I might go if I had known about it sooner.

7. Which of the following sentences is NOT punctuated correctly?

Answers:

  1. We only expect three things from our dog: loyalty, affection and tail wagging.
  2. I need you to pick up several boxes of paperclips, pens and pencils; three pounds each of potatoes, carrots and peas; and my dry cleaning.
  3. Marcy, my parrot, squawked for an hour, before finally calming down.
  4. All of the above are punctuated correctly.

8. Choose the series of prepositions that best completes the following sentence.

The deer ran quickly _______ the trees, its hooves pounding _______ the forest floor.

Answers:

  1. amid, from
  2. over, at
  3. through, on
  4. throughout, on

9. Choose the series of articles and conjunctions that best completes the following sentence.

Julia, who is studying to be _______foreign correspondent, is currently doing _______ internship in _______ Middle East _______ will return before the end of _______ year.

Answers:

  1. (no article required), an, the, but, the
  2. the, a, the, however, a
  3. a, an, (no article required), yet, a
  4. a, an, the, but, the

10. Choose the series of prepositions that best completes the following passage.

Although Marvin said he had hidden the keys _______ the flower pot, we were unable to find them _______ the dark. In the end, we waited for him at the coffee shop ___________ the corner.

Answers:

  1. under, in, around
  2. in, with, at
  3. around, at, on
  4. beside, from, around

11. Which of the following sentences illustrates correct usage of articles and conjunctions?

Answers:

  1. The cake that I ate was better that the one you had.
  2. An house is not the home, or so the saying goes.
  3. For my birthday I would like a book, an hourglass and the keys to a new boat.
  4. Has a package I’ve been waiting for been delivered yet, nor must I wait longer?

12. Choose the series of adjectives and adverbs that best completes the following sentence.

The _______ , _______ odour was ________ coming from the chemistry lab up the street.

Answers:

  1. pungent, nastily, clearness
  2. pungently, nastily, clearly
  3. pungently, nasty, clear
  4. nasty, pungent, clearly

13. Which of the following sentences does NOT illustrate proper use of articles and conjunctions?

Answers:

  1. I thought about keeping an orang-utan as a pet; however, my apartment complex does not allow exotic animals on the premises.
  2. Bertha decided to change a locks of her house after burglars stole a computer or an oil painting.
  3. After thinking about the problem for half an hour, Glen finally came up with a perfect solution.
  4. Arlene loves nature and the outdoors in general, yet she spends most of her time inside because of her job.

14. Change the following sentence from a quotation to indirect speech.

Rhonda says, ‘I get to work early every day’.

Answers:

  1. Rhonda says she gets to work early every day.
  2. Rhonda said she gets to work early every day.
  3. Rhonda has said that she got to work early every day.
  4. Rhonda says she had gotten to work early every day.

15. Change the following sentence from a quotation to indirect speech.

Carol has said, ‘I am responsible for this project’.

Answers:

  1. Carol has said that she is responsible for this project.
  2. Carol says she is responsible for this project.
  3. Carol said that she was responsible for this project.
  4. Carol had said that she would be responsible for this project.

16. Choose the series of pronouns that best completes the following sentence.

After realising that our hosts hadn’t actually invited ______ to ______ party, ______ excused ______ from the table and slipped out the back door.

Answers:

  1. us, their, we, ourselves
  2. ourselves, theirs, we, us
  3. them, our, they, themselves
  4. us, our, we, himself

17. Choose the series of pronouns that best completes the following sentence.

Victor, who stole _______ ideas and used them to make _______ a millionaire, never once offered _______ a word of thanks.

Answers:

  1. our, himself, we
  2. their, them, himself
  3. your, us, you
  4. our, himself, us

18. Rearrange the following words to create the most logical and grammatically correct sentence.

work . is always to brother willing not My

Answers:

  1. My brother is not willing to work always.
  2. My brother is not always willing to work.
  3. is not willing to work always My brother.
  4. My work is not willing to always brother.

19. Choose the series of prepositions that best completes the following sentence.

Although the issue was very serious, the committee disposed ______ it in a few minutes and moved _______ to other business.

Answers:

  1. onto, off
  2. of, away
  3. on, out
  4. of, on

20. Change the following sentence from a quotation to indirect speech.

‘I can meet you at noon’, said Peter.

Answers:

  1. Peter says he can meet me at noon.
  2. Peter said he will meet me at noon.
  3. Peter said he could meet me at noon.
  4. Peter can meet me at noon, so he said.

21. Choose the series of articles and conjunctions that best completes the following sentence.

Neither we ________ Sal, our neighbour, could understand ________ it had been our dog Rover or Sal’s cat Mittens _________ had destroyed all the flower beds in the middle of _______ night.

Answers:

  1. nor, whether, that, the
  2. or, if, who, the
  3. and, whether, than, a
  4. nor, if, that, a

22. Choose the series of verbs that best completes the following sentence.

If Harry __________ to the party too early, don’t let him in; he __________ outside like everyone else.

Answers:

  1. gets, will have to wait
  2. got, waits
  3. gets, is waiting
  4. has gotten, must be waiting

23. Choose the series of pronouns that best completes the following sentence.

_______ is the name of the opera, and _______ role did you say Maria would play?

Answers:

  1. This, which
  2. Who, that
  3. What, which
  4. Which, what

24. Choose the series of adjectives and adverbs that best completes the following sentence.

We were surprised when the ________ parade ________ turned into a ________ party!

Answers:

  1. dull, suddenly, wild
  2. duller, all of a sudden, wilder
  3. dullest, suddenly, wildest
  4. dull, sudden, wild

25. Choose the series of verbs that best completes the following sentence.

Everyone __________ too busy cooking and __________ the campsite __________ the family of bears __________ from the woods.

Answers:

  1. were, setting up, to notice, watch
  2. was, set up, noticing, to watch
  3. is, setting, to notice, watching
  4. was, setting up, to notice, watching

26. Choose the verb that best completes the following sentence.

Do you know if Harlon ____________Japanese before moving to Japan?

Answers:

  1. has studied
  2. has been studying
  3. will have been studying
  4. will be studying

27. Rearrange the following words to create the most logical and grammatically correct sentence.

days . for last has good weather few The been the not

Answers:

  1. weather for The last few good has not been the days.
  2. The good days has not been for the last few weather.
  3. The few days has not been good for the last weather.
  4. The weather has not been good for the last few days.

28. Choose the series of verbs that best completes the following sentence.
Alison regrets _________ you with her remarks; she never meant _________ so.

Answers:

  1. to hurt, doing
  2. to hurt, to do
  3. hurting, doing
  4. hurting, to do

29. Choose the series of articles and conjunctions that best completes the following sentence.

_______ she was feeling ill, Teresa wanted to eat only _____ apple _____ some soup.

Answers:

  1. Yet, the, or
  2. After, an, and
  3. Because, an, or
  4. If, a, and

30. Choose the series of prepositions that best completes the following sentence.

Charlotte knew ___________ the secret investigation _________ her past, but she closed her eyes to it and pretended it wasn’t happening.

Answers:

  1. of, about
  2. about, into
  3. about, on
  4. of, after

31. Choose the series of prepositions that best completes the following sentence.

I placed my notes _______ my desk and referred to them _______ the meeting.

Answers:

  1. at, among
  2. beside, during
  3. with, at
  4. upon, around

32. Which of the following sentences illustrates the proper use of parallel construction?

Answers:

  1. Arthur failed when he tried to open the lock with a key, but succeeded when he tried to open it with a hammer.
  2. We painted the conference room yellow, hung a poster on the wall and are rearranging the chairs.
  3. No one in the room knew that the doors had been locked and that policemen will be running up the stairs.
  4. Andrea is incapable of walking and to talk at the same time.

33. Choose the series of prepositions that best completes the following sentence.

Jeremy rode his motorcycle _______ the bridge, _______ the hill and _______ the hospital before finally parking it _______ two police cars.

Answers:

  1. beside, among, behind, near
  2. beneath, over, under, on
  3. across, down, past, between
  4. under, around, through, into

34. Read the following question and choose the response that uses the correct corresponding verb tense.

Does Jack wear that furry hat often?

Answers:

  1. No, he just liked to wear it for fun sometimes.
  2. Yes, but don’t said anything about it to him.
  3. Yes, and it can so annoying!
  4. No, he wears it only when his ears are cold.

35. Which of the following sentences illustrates proper sentence structure?

Answers:

  1. Unless the world controls its population, mankind will continue to face one problem after the other.
  2. Unless the world doesn’t control its population, mankind will continue to face one problem after the other.
  3. Unless the world controls its population, until then mankind will continue to face one problem after the other.
  4. Unless the world fails to control its population, mankind until then will continue to face one problem after the other.

36. Complete the following sentence by choosing the phrase with the best word order from the options given.

The excited children, who had run toward the loud _____________ .

Answers:

  1. music and then told the others about the ice cream truck outside
  2. music, are telling to the others about the ice cream truck outside
  3. ice cream truck to tell the others about the music outside
  4. music, told the others about the ice cream truck outside

37. Choose the phrase that best completes the sentence below without creating a run-on sentence.

Mr. Peach has sent his four children to Ivy League colleges __________ he has sacrificed his health working day and night in that dusty factory.

Answers:

  1. however
  2. ;however,
  3. ,however
  4. however,

38. Choose the series of adjectives and adverbs that best completes the following sentence.

Of the two books, Sam’s is definitely the __________ ; however, even though Sandra’s didn’t turn out as __________ as expected, she still did a __________ job of writing it.

Answers:

  1. better, well, good
  2. best, good, good
  3. better, good, better
  4. best, well, well

39. Complete the following sentence by choosing the phrase with the best word order from the options given.

Those who are not wise ____________ .

Answers:

  1. do not need be necessarily stupid
  2. need not necessarily be stupid
  3. need not to be necessarily stupid
  4. does not need to be necessarily stupid

40. Change the following sentence from a quotation to indirect speech.

Jerry said, ‘I saw my cousin at the fair’.

Answers:

  1. Jerry had said he’d seen his cousin at the fair.
  2. Jerry said he had seen his cousin at the fair.
  3. Jerry said he’d saw his cousin at the fair.
  4. Jerry says he saw his cousin at the fair.

41. Which of the following sentences illustrates correct verb and verb tense usage?

Answers:

  1. Until the snow is melting, the train is not able to move.
  2. Until the snow does not melt, the train will not be able to move.
  3. Until the snow melts, the train will not be able to move.
  4. Until the snow will melt, the train will not be able to move.

42. Rearrange the following words to create the most logical and grammatically correct sentence.

your company name ? of What the is

Answers:

  1. What is the company of your name?
  2. your company What is the name of?
  3. What is the name of your company?
  4. The name of your company What is?

43. Change the following sentence from a quotation to indirect speech.

‘It may snow tomorrow’, he said.

Answers:

  1. He said it should snow tomorrow.
  2. He might say it will snow tomorrow.
  3. He says it may snow tomorrow.
  4. He said it might snow the next day.

44. Choose the series of adjectives and adverbs that best completes the following sentence.

While __________ of our relatives live on the __________ hill in the county, __________ of our friends live in the __________ __________ areas of the valley.

Answers:

  1. more, windy, many, most, protection
  2. most, windier, more, most, protective
  3. many, windiest, most, more, protected
  4. many, winding, more, most, protected

45. Rearrange the following words to create the most logical and grammatically correct sentence.

to sleep likes . midday Katie until at weekends

Answers:

  1. To sleep Katie likes midday until at weekends.
  2. Katie likes to sleep until weekends at midday.
  3. Likes to sleep Katie until midday at weekends.
  4. Katie likes to sleep at midday until weekends
  5. Katie likes to sleep until midday at weekends.

46. Rearrange the following words to create the most logical and grammatically correct sentence.

would I have it anything if had . I you known said would not bother

Answers:

  1. Would I have not said anything if you had known it would bother I?
  2. I would not have said anything if I had known it would bother you.
  3. Had I known if it would bother you I would not have said anything.
  4. If I had known it would not bother you I would have said anything.

47. Choose the series of prepositions that best completes the following sentence.

Whiskey, my pet squirrel, jumped ________ my head and ________ the windowsill.

Answers:

  1. over, onto
  2. through, into
  3. from, under
  4. into, onto

48. Choose the series of pronouns that best completes the following sentence.

That house used to be ______ , but ______ have given it to ______.

Answers:

  1. my, I, her
  2. mine, me, her
  3. mine, I, her
  4. myself, she, her

49. Choose the series of articles and conjunctions that best completes the following sentence.

I think Fran could be ______ great public speaker, _______ she is still too shy to try it.

Answers:

  1. the, although
  2. a, but
  3. an, however
  4. a, and

50. Which of the following sentences does NOT illustrate correct pronoun usage?

Answers:

  1. The wet dog shook itself off, wagged its tail and proceeded on its way.
  2. Don’t take the silver goblet out of it’s protective case or you’ll ruin it.
  3. You should wear that jacket to their wedding because it’s the nicest one you have.
  4. It’s not too late to answer their ad for a waitress, is it?
  5. All of the above

51. Read the following question and choose the response that uses the correct corresponding verb tense.

Did you hear the weather forecast for tomorrow?

Answers:

  1. Yes, it will to clear up by noon.
  2. No, I wasn’t listening to the radio.
  3. Yes, they have said it will have snowed.
  4. No, but I think it had snowed.

52. Choose the phrase that best completes the sentence below without creating a run-on sentence.

It’s never too late to learn how to swim ________________ you may fall off a boat!

Answers:

  1. , you never know when
  2. you never know when
  3. —you never know as
  4. ; you never know when

53. Choose the series of adjectives and adverbs that best completes the following sentence.

I think Pamela deserves to be punished for her __________ stupid and __________ behaviour.

Answers:

  1. irresponsible, totally
  2. totally, irresponsibility
  3. totally, irresponsible
  4. total, irresponsibly

54. Change the following sentence from a quotation to indirect speech.

‘I will be moving soon’, said Alma.

Answers:

  1. Alma said she would be moving soon.
  2. Alma said she will move soon.
  3. Alma says she’ll be moving soon.
  4. Alma says she would move soon.

55. Change the following sentence from a quotation to indirect speech.

‘I’m not feeling well’, Agatha said.

Answers:

  1. Agatha has said that she doesn’t feel well.
  2. According to Agatha, she isn’t feeling well.
  3. Agatha said she wasn’t feeling well.
  4. Agatha says she isn’t feeling well.

56. Choose the option that correctly changes the original sentence from active voice to passive voice.

ORIGINAL SENTENCE:
That tall man is carrying a lot of lumber.

REWRITTEN SENTENCES:

Answers:

  1. The tall man carries a lot of lumber.
  2. Is being carried by the tall man, the lumber.
  3. The lumber is carried by the tall man.
  4. A lot of lumber is being carried by the tall man.

57. Read the original sentence below and then choose the rewritten sentence that illustrates proper sentence structure.

ORIGINAL SENTENCE:
It is easy to carry solid objects, but the same cannot be said of liquids.

REWRITTEN SENTENCES:

Answers:

  1. Unlike liquids, solid objects are easy to carry.
  2. Unlike liquids, we can easily carry solid objects.
  3. Unlike liquids; solid objects can easily be carried.
  4. Unlike liquids, solid objects easy to be carried.

58. Rearrange the following words to create the most logical and grammatically correct sentence.

with can’t phone . on Whenever always to the time spend I speak I my friend , him

Answers:

  1. Whenever I always phone on my friend to speak, I can’t spend the time with him.
  2. Whenever I spend time on the phone to him, I can’t always speak with my friend.
  3. Whenever I speak to him, I can’t always spend time with my friend on the phone.
  4. Whenever I can’t speak to him on the phone, I always spend time with my friend.
  5. Whenever I can’t spend time with my friend, I always speak to him on the phone.

59. Which of the following sentences is punctuated correctly?

Answers:

  1. “Come here,” she said, and let me get a good look at you.”
  2. Come here she said, and let me get a good look at you.
  3. ‘Come here’ she said. ‘and let me get a good look at you.’
  4. “Come here”, she said, “and let me get a good look at you.”

60. Which of the following sentences illustrates the proper use of apostrophes?

Answers:

  1. Helga borrowed her friend’s skates for the day; however, she failed to return them.
  2. Thousand’s of bargains are available during the holiday season, but I cant find time to shop.
  3. The koala bear closed it’s eyes and fell fast asleep.
  4. Although I like the Joneses, I’m angry at them for breaking all of Ralphs’ tools.

61. Choose the series of verbs that best completes the following sentence passage.

I find it very hard to remember ________ letters that are entrusted to me. In fact, I remember _________ to do so scores of times!

Answers:

  1. to post, forgetting
  2. posting, to forget
  3. to post, to forget
  4. posting, forgetting

62. Rearrange the following words to create the most logical and grammatically correct sentence.

last what ! it’s did you night , over After

Answers:

  1. After what night, it’s over you did last!
  2. After what you did last night, it’s over!
  3. over what you did last night, it’s After!
  4. After, it’s over what you did last night!

63. Which of the following sentences illustrates correct pronoun usage?

Answers:

  1. Whom are your employees going to report to while you’re gone?
  2. Each monkey had its own bunch of bananas to munch on.
  3. Neither of us had any idea that the Robinsons were selling their beach house.
  4. Delilah congratulated herself on a job well done.
  5. All of the above

64. Which of the following sentences illustrates the proper use of commas?

Answers:

  1. Randy wanted to end the meeting, but Amy wanted to prolong it.
  2. After pouring herself a glass of water in silence, Nicky answered my question.
  3. The committee, which had failed to come to a consensus decided to meet again on Tuesday.
  4. Mr. Bridges is never home on the weekends, he always goes to his home in the country.
  5. a and b
  6. All of the above

65. Choose the series of articles and conjunctions that best completes the following sentence.

Lilacs ______ violets are usually purple, ______ I have seen some ______ are white.

Answers:

  1. and, however, that
  2. or, yet, which
  3. and, although, that
  4. or, but, and

66. Which of the following sentences does NOT illustrate correct verb and verb tense usage?

Answers:

  1. Frank and Marjorie have opened a new chocolate shop on the corner.
  2. By the time I get there, all the best candy will have been eaten already.
  3. They was going to sell pastries as well, but then decided against it.
  4. Did you ever wonder how many jelly beans there are in the world?

67. Choose the series of pronouns that best completes the following sentence.

Don’t ________ think Larry should call ________ wife if ________ is going to be late for dinner?

Answers:

  1. you, his, he
  2. we, your, his
  3. he, his, he
  4. you, his, himself

68. Complete the following sentence by choosing the phrase with the best word order from the options given.

Only after they had completed an exhaustive study __________ how to adapt the technology to the needs of our company.

Answers:

  1. did they understand to begin
  2. did they begin to understand
  3. they did begin to understand
  4. to understand did they begin

69. Choose the series of verbs and phrases that best completes the following passage.

This dish _________ too spicy. Why __________ so much pepper?

Answers:

  1. is, did the chef have to use
  2. was, the chef is using
  3. is, did the chef use
  4. was, the chef used
  5. a and c

70. Read the following question and choose the response that uses the correct corresponding verb tense.

Did you see the show last night?

Answers:

  1. No, because by the time I got there all the tickets had already been sold.
  2. Yes, and it was one of the best shows I had ever seen.
  3. Yes, but my seat was behind a pole so I couldn’t barely see anything.
  4. No, but I am hope to see it tonight.

7,501 total views, 10 views today

Upwork English Language

U.S. Word Usage Test 2016

Published by:

1. Which of the following words refers to a state of immobility?

Answers:

  1. Stationery
  2. Stationary

2. Which of the following similar words is the better choice when referring to something that promotes health?

Answers:

  1. Healthy
  2. Healthful

3. The word “______________” means to convey an additional, nuanced meaning of a word, whereas the word “______________” specifies the literal meaning of a word or phrase.

Answers:

  1. denote / connote
  2. connote / denote

4. From the options below, choose the correct preposition to complete the underlined prepositional idiom in the following sentence.

Josh is completely enamored ______ that puppy!

Answers:

  1. to
  2. of
  3. at
  4. No preposition is needed.

5. Which of the following similar words is used to refer to a perennial disease of a region or population?

Answers:

  1. Pandemic
  2. Endemic
  3. Epidemic

6. From the options below, choose the correct preposition to complete the underlined prepositional idiom in the following sentence.

The only way Amy will be allowed to stay in that apartment is if she promises not to infringe _____ the house rules ever again.

Answers:

  1. on
  2. about
  3. upon
  4. over
  5. No preposition is needed.

7. Which of the following similar words refers to a strong criticism?

Answers:

  1. Censor
  2. Censure

8. Which of the following words is a verb meaning “to draw out or bring forth”?

Answers:

  1. Illicit
  2. Elide
  3. Elicit
  4. Illume

9. Which of the following similar words expresses a stronger sense of duty?

Answers:

  1. Ought
  2. Should

10. Which of the following similar words is most commonly used to describe a feature that makes a person, place, or thing easy to pick out from others?

Answers:

  1. Distinguishable
  2. Distinguished
  3. Distinctive

11. Which of the following similar words refers to something that is lush and grows abundantly?

Answers:

  1. Luxuriant
  2. Luxurious

12. Which of the following words is most commonly used as a verb meaning “to produce a change in”?

Answers:

  1. Affect
  2. Effect

13. Select the correct meaning of the verb “condole.”

Answers:

  1. To comfort
  2. To express sympathy to
  3. To portion out

14. Complete the following sentence by choosing the correct word from the options below.

I must warn you that Mr. Gladstone lost all of my money in bad investments, so I’d be ____________ of his financial advice if I were you.

Answers:

  1. wary
  2. leery
  3. weary
  4. Either a or b may be used
  5. Either b or c may be used

15. Of the following similar words, which connotes feelings of resentment toward another person, particularly in reference to personal relationships?

Answers:

  1. Envy
  2. Jealousy

16. Complete the following sentence by choosing the correct word from the options below.

Pauline will _____________ arrive late so she can make a grand entrance.

Answers:

  1. doubtless
  2. doubtlessly
  3. undoubted

17. The article “an” is normally used before all of the following words except ________.

Answers:

  1. hour
  2. eulogy
  3. umbrella
  4. X-ray

18. From the options below, choose the correct preposition to complete the underlined prepositional idiom in the following sentence.

Vincent’s mastery _____ painting has put him in a league of his own at the conservatory.

Answers:

  1. of
  2. over
  3. in
  4. No preposition is needed.

19. Select the correct meaning of the adjective “noisome.”

Answers:

  1. Making much noise
  2. Noxious or offensive
  3. Boring

20. Which of the following words means “once every two years”?

Answers:

  1. Annual
  2. Biennial
  3. Semiannual

21. Complete the following sentence by choosing the correct sequence of words from the options below.

Sophia managed to ___________ Igor’s crude advances; in a huff, the __________ little man ___________ down the castle wall and scooted off into the underbrush.

Answers:

  1. repulse / repulsive / repelled
  2. rappel / repelled / repulsed
  3. repel / repulsive / rappelled
  4. rappel / repulsed / repelled

22. From the options below, choose the correct preposition to complete the underlined prepositional idiom in the following sentence.

Fred is always willing to help out, and that’s something you can bank ____________.

Answers:

  1. at
  2. on
  3. off
  4. with
  5. No preposition is needed

23. Which of the following similar words generally has a negative connotation?

Answers:

  1. Childlike
  2. Childhood
  3. Childish

24. Which of the following words means “unconcerned, bored, not interested”?

Answers:

  1. Disinterested
  2. Uninterested
  3. The words are synonyms and are completely interchangeable.

25. The word “______________” refers to something that is immoral, improper, or incorrect, whereas the word “______________” refers to something that is unjust, unfair, or unsanctioned by law.

Answers:

  1. wrong / wrongful
  2. wrongful / wrong
  3. The two words are completely interchangeable.

26. Complete the following sentence by choosing the correct word from the options below.

My parrot _____________ have won the talent contest if I had entered him in time.

Answers:

  1. may
  2. must
  3. might
  4. mightn’t

27. Complete the following sentence by choosing the correct phrase from the options below.

________________, I have enclosed our sales brochure and product information pamphlets.

Answers:

  1. Per your request
  2. As per your request
  3. As you requested
  4. As per the request you recently made

28. Which of the following words would be most appropriate when referring to a vessel’s ability to hold or contain something?

Answers:

  1. Ability
  2. Capability
  3. Capacity

29. Which of the following statements regarding the use of “that” and “which” is CORRECT?

Answers:

  1. “Which” is used to narrow a category or identify an item that is being talked about. “That” is used to indicate something that has already been mentioned.
  2. “That” is used to narrow a category or identify an item that is being talked about. “Which” is used to indicate something that has already been mentioned.

30. Complete the following sentence by choosing the correct sequence of words from the options below.

Due to Alistair’s ___________ nature, our weekend at his home wasn’t as ____________ as we had hoped.

Answers:

  1. restive / restful
  2. restful / restive
  3. restful / restless
  4. restless / restive

31. Complete the following sentence by choosing the correct sequence of words from the options below.

Walter wears his _________________ clothes ________________, but saves his tuxedo for special occasions.

Answers:

  1. everyday / every day
  2. every day / everyday
  3. everyday / everyday
  4. every day / every day

32. Which of the following similar words is used to describe one’s negative feelings and antipathy for something?

Answers:

  1. Adverse
  2. Averse

33. Complete the following sentence by choosing the correct sequence of words from the options below.

The astrologer advised Josephine to wear a five-____________ ruby set in 24-___________gold.

Answers:

  1. carat / karat
  2. karat / caret
  3. carrot / karat
  4. caret / carat

34. Which of the following words means “to excite, arouse, or offend”?

Answers:

  1. Peak
  2. Peek
  3. Pique

35. Complete the following sentence by choosing the correct word from the options below.

Annabelle told no one but her long-time ______________ of her intention to join the circus.

Answers:

  1. confident
  2. confider
  3. confidant
  4. confessor

36. The word “____________” refers to feeling satisfied with one’s life and not feeling the need to take any action for its betterment, whereas the word “____________” means to be easygoing and eager to please.

Answers:

  1. complacent / compliant
  2. complaisant / complacent
  3. compliant / complaisant
  4. complacent / complaisant

37. The preferred form for directional words in American English is ___________.

Answers:

  1. without an “s,” as in toward, afterward, upward, forward, and backward
  2. with an “s,” as in towards, afterwards, upwards, forwards, and backwards

38. From the options below, choose the correct preposition to complete the underlined prepositional idiom in the following sentence.

Griffin swore up and down that his comment had been meant ____ a compliment.

Answers:

  1. as
  2. for
  3. to
  4. No preposition is needed.

39. Which of the following sentences uses the word “impact” and/or its variations correctly?

Answers:

  1. The recession has severely impacted our company’s bottom line.
  2. The recession has had a severe impact on our company’s bottom line.
  3. Our company’s bottom line has suffered a severe impaction due to the recession.
  4. Both a and b are correct.
  5. Both b and c are correct.

40. Which of the following words means “separate, unconnected, or distinct”?

Answers:

  1. Discreet
  2. Secrete
  3. Discrete

41. Complete the following sentence by choosing the correct word from the options below.

Abigail had just reached the ______________ scene of the play when the theater suddenly went dark.

Answers:

  1. Climatic
  2. Clichéd
  3. Climactic

42. Which of the following words is used to show uncertainty or a conditional statement?

Answers:

  1. Can
  2. Could
  3. Will
  4. None of the above

43. The following related words have similar meanings but varying degrees of negative connotation. Which list from the options below best represents these words from least negative to most negative?

CRIMINAL ILLEGAL UNLAWFUL ILLICIT

Answers:

  1. Illicit / Unlawful / Illegal / Criminal
  2. Criminal / Illicit / Unlawful / Illegal
  3. Unlawful / Illegal / Illicit / Criminal
  4. Unlawful / Criminal / Illicit / Illegal

44. Which of the following words is often associated with money?

Answers:

  1. Disperse
  2. Disburse
  3. Dispense

45. From the options below, choose the correct preposition to complete the underlined prepositional idiom in the following sentence.

The chef has decided that his lobster bisque will be accompanied ______ a puff pastry for dipping.

Answers:

  1. with
  2. in
  3. by
  4. of

46. Choose the option below that correctly matches the following similar words to their meanings.

i)Credible A)gullible; willing to believe or trust too readily
ii)Credulous B)bringing or deserving honor, credit, or esteem
iii)Creditable C)believable; worthy of being believed

Answers:

  1. iC, iiB, iiiA
  2. iB, iiC, iiiA
  3. iC, iiA, iiiB

47. From the options below, choose the correct sequence of prepositions to complete the underlined prepositional idioms in the following sentence.

Martin couldn’t tell if Maude was shivering _____ the cold or shivering _____ the thought of walking home alone through the cemetery.

Answers:

  1. at / from
  2. from / from
  3. for / at
  4. from / at

48. From the options below, choose the correct sequence of prepositions to complete the underlined prepositional idioms in the following sentence.
You may differ _____ me, but I think this golf course differs _____ our usual course.

Answers:

  1. with / from
  2. from / over
  3. from / about
  4. about / from

49. Complete the following sentence by choosing the correct sequence of words from the options below.

Harold buried his ___________ change in a shoebox so he wouldn’t _____________ it.

Answers:

  1. loose / lose
  2. loose / loose
  3. lose / loose
  4. lose / lose

50. Which of the following similar words expresses a sense of tediousness?

Answers:

  1. Repetitive
  2. Repetitious

51. From the options below, choose the correct sequence of prepositions to complete the underlined prepositional idioms in the following sentence.

My supervisor cannot abide _____ anyone who comes in late or who doesn’t abide _____ his rules.

Answers:

  1. with / by
  2. No preposition needed / by
  3. by / with
  4. by / No preposition needed

52. From the options below, choose the correct preposition to complete the underlined prepositional idiom in the following sentence.

The CEO’s decision to step down is based ______ his need to take care of personal matters.

Answers:

  1. on
  2. in
  3. over
  4. No preposition is needed.

53. Complete the following sentence by choosing the correct word from the options below.

The herd of gazelles successfully ____________ the wild cheetahs.

Answers:

  1. alluded
  2. eluded
  3. illuded

54. Which of the following similar words refers to something that is well-known or momentous in history?

Answers:

  1. Historic
  2. Historical

55. Of the following similar words, which implies a movement?

Answers:

  1. On
  2. On to
  3. Onto

56. From the options below, choose the correct preposition to complete the underlined prepositional idiom in the following sentence.

We’ve noticed that the new horse has a predilection ______ jumping over bales of hay.

Answers:

  1. with
  2. for
  3. to
  4. of
  5. No preposition is needed.

57. Complete the following sentence by choosing the correct sequence of words from the options below.

Horace knew he’d walked into a ____________ trap when he opened the door to nothing but a ___________ silence.

Answers:

  1. deadly / deathly
  2. deathly / deadly
  3. deadly / deafly

58. Complete the following three sentences by choosing the correct sequence of words from the options below.

1)____________ Vernon and Veronica, Veronica is the more astute.
2)The alarms went off, and the thief escaped ___________ the chaos and confusion.
3)Victor is the most intelligent ___________ the five friends.

Answers:

  1. Between / among / amid
  2. Among / amid / between
  3. Amid / between / among
  4. Between / amid / among

59. Complete the following sentence by choosing the correct word from the options below.

Amanda was adamant about having no ____________ than three hundred people at her wedding, but also insisted on having much _____________ space for silly dances.

Answers:

  1. less / fewer
  2. less / less
  3. fewer / fewer
  4. fewer / less
  5. Both b and d may be used.
  6. Both a and c may be used.

60. Which of the following options best defines the word “friendly”?

Answers:

  1. Amiable
  2. Amicable
  3. Both words mean “friendly,” but “amiable” refers to people and “amicable” refers to relationships.
  4. Both words mean “friendly,” but “amiable” refers to relationships and “amicable” refers to people.

61. Which of the following words means “to inform or notify”?

Answers:

  1. Appraise
  2. Appease
  3. Apprise
  4. Appall

62. Which of the following statements is CORRECT?

Answers:

  1. The word “continuous” refers to something that occurs constantly, uninterrupted, or without a break, whereas the word “continual” refers to something that is frequently repeated.
  2. The word “continual’ refers to something that occurs constantly, uninterrupted, or without a break, whereas the word “continuous” refers to something that is frequently repeated.
  3. The words “continuous” and “continual” are synonyms and are interchangeable.
  4. The word “continual” does not exist in American English usage.

63. From the options below, choose the correct sequence of prepositions to complete the underlined prepositional idioms in the following sentence.

We simply cannot decide whether to trade _____ our car for a new model or, as our neighbors suggested, trade it _____ their houseboat.

Answers:

  1. in / as
  2. for / in
  3. in / for
  4. for / on

64. Complete the following sentence by choosing the correct word from the options below.

By carefully studying the clues, the detective ________ that the minister’s son was the culprit.

Answers:

  1. induced
  2. deduced
  3. adduced

65. Which of the following similar words is more commonly associated with secretly working together to plot a misdeed?

Answers:

  1. Conspire
  2. Connive

66. Complete the following sentence by choosing the correct word from the options below.

Martha has a real ______________ for writing ballads and odes.

Answers:

  1. flare
  2. flair
  3. flayer

67. Which of the following similar words is more commonly associated with a physical reliance on something?

Answers:

  1. Addiction
  2. Dependence

68. Which of the following similar words is more associated with influencing beliefs or understandings?

Answers:

  1. Persuade
  2. Convince

69. When referring to two distinct things, which of the following words means “the second of the two”?

Answers:

  1. Former
  2. Later
  3. Latter
  4. Penultimate

70. The word “____________” refers to feeling satisfied with one’s life, whereas the word “____________” means to be easygoing and eager to please.

Answers:

  1. complacent / compliant
  2. complaisant / complacent
  3. compliant / complaisant
  4. complacent / complaisant

71. From the options below, choose the correct preposition to complete the underlined prepositional idiom in the following sentence.

A sunny day at the beach is certainly preferable ______ a rainy day in town.

Answers:

  1. with
  2. than
  3. for
  4. to
  5. No preposition is needed.

72. Which of the following words means “difficult to comprehend”?

Answers:

  1. Abstruse
  2. Obdurate
  3. Obtuse
  4. Absurd

73. Of the similar words below, the word “________________” is most commonly used to express a formal request.

Answers:

  1. can
  2. could
  3. may
  4. might

74. From the options below, choose the correct sequence of prepositions to complete the underlined prepositional idioms in the following sentence.

Agatha and her daughter argue _____ the neighbors constantly, but none of them seems to realize how silly it is to argue _____ whose grass is greener.

Answers:

  1. about / over
  2. over / at
  3. with / about
  4. against / about

75. The word “____________” refers to an agreement made between two or more parties, whereas the word “____________” refers to conformity, as to someone’s rules or wishes.

Answers:

  1. accord / accordance
  2. accordant / accord
  3. accordance / accordant

76. Complete the following sentence by choosing the correct sequence of words from the options below.

Not only was Marlon’s handwriting practically _____________, but the story was so dull and convoluted that I also found it ____________.

Answers:

  1. unreadable / illegible
  2. legible / readable
  3. illegible / unreadable

77. Which of the following similar prefixes generally means “half”?

Answers:

  1. Bi
  2. Semi

3,064 total views, 19 views today

Upwork English Language

U.S. English Punctuation and Mechanics Test 2016

Published by:

1. Complete the following sentence by selecting the option that correctly uses double and/or single quotation marks.

Amanda adamantly declared that ______________

Answers:

  1. ‘she would never speak to Adam again.’
  2. “she would never speak to Adam again.”
  3. she would never speak to Adam again.
  4. “she would never speak to Adam again”!

2. Select the option that correctly identifies where a comma is needed.

Our neighbors(A) are both helpful(B) to us when we need them(C) and genuinely friendly.

Answers:

  1. Comma at (A)
  2. Comma at (B)
  3. Comma at (C)
  4. No commas needed

3. Select the option that correctly identifies where a comma is needed.

The daisies were yellow(A) a color Daphne detested(B) and refused to accept.

Answers:

  1. Comma at (A)
  2. Comma at (B)
  3. Comma at (A) and (B)
  4. No commas needed

4. Indicate the end punctuation needed in the blank spaces in the following sentence.

Alison wondered, “Will the lemur bite me___ ___

Answers:

  1. Period / quotation mark
  2. Quotation mark / exclamation point
  3. Question mark / quotation mark
  4. Comma / quotation mark

5. Complete the following sentence by selecting the option that makes correct use of the mechanics of writing.

How many times has she attempted to recreate Van Gogh’s painting ______________?

Answers:

  1. Starry Night
  2. “Starry Night”
  3. Starry Night
  4. Starry Night
  5. Both b (quotes) and d (underlining) are acceptable.
  6. Both c (italics) and d (underlining) are acceptable.

6. Select the option that correctly completes the following sentence.

___________________ new dog has already terrorized every cat in the neighborhood.

Answers:

  1. Hannah and Luke’s
  2. Hannah’s and Luke’s
  3. Hannah’s and Luke
  4. Hannahs and Lukes

7. Indicate the end punctuation needed in the blank space in the following sentence.

He lived for years on the West Coast but now resides in Washington, D.C._____

Answers:

  1. Question mark
  2. Second period
  3. Exclamation point
  4. No punctuation needed

8. Complete the following sentence by selecting the option that correctly uses double and/or single quotation marks.

Hamlet’s angry observation ____________ shows his contempt for his mother’s swift remarriage.

Answers:

  1. , “Frailty, thy name is woman!”,
  2. “Frailty, thy name is woman!”
  3. “Frailty, thy name is woman”,
  4. ‘Frailty, thy name is woman!’,

9. Which of the following sentences reflects the correct use of the mechanics of writing?

Answers:

  1. We could not believe that our dr., Millicent Howard, refused to see us before December
  2. We could not believe that our Doctor, Millicent Howard, refused to see us before Dec.
  3. We could not believe that our Dr., Millicent Howard, refused to see us before December.
  4. We could not believe that our doctor, Millicent Howard, refused to see us before December.

10. Select the option that correctly identifies where a comma is needed.

I hope the crops take root and prosper this year(A) or else we’ll be facing a hard winter(B) after the harvest.

Answers:

  1. Comma at (A)
  2. Comma at (B)
  3. Comma at (A) and (B)
  4. No commas needed

11. Indicate the punctuation needed in the blank space in the following sentence.

Edwina found it very frustrating that Edward would only travel to English___speaking countries.

Answers:

  1. Dash
  2. Hyphen
  3. Ellipses
  4. No punctuation needed

12. Indicate the end punctuation needed in the blank space in the following sentence.

The manager asked if he could take an extra day off for the holiday___

Answers:

  1. Exclamation point
  2. Period
  3. Question mark
  4. No punctuation needed

13. Indicate the punctuation needed in the blank spaces in the following sentence.

“I don’t know where the brakes are___”___ hollered my sister as she zoomed past me in the dune buggy___

Answers:

  1. Comma / exclamation point / exclamation point
  2. comma / none / period
  3. Exclamation point / none / period
  4. No punctuation needed

14. Select the option that correctly completes the following sentence.

She is definitely a woman ____________ perfectly capable of taking care of herself.

Answers:

  1. whose
  2. who’s
  3. whos’
  4. who’se

15. Select the option that correctly identifies where a comma is needed.

Richard’s wife(A) Abigail(B) is an incredibly talented cook(C) and gardener.

Answers:

  1. Comma at (A)
  2. Comma at (B)
  3. Comma at (C)
  4. Comma at (A) and (B)
  5. No commas needed

16. Indicate the punctuation needed in the blank spaces in the following sentence.

That bad___tempered trade show organizer just demanded that we be at the center before eight o’clock to set___up our booth.

Answers:

  1. Dash / none
  2. Hyphen / hyphen
  3. None / hyphen
  4. Hyphen / none

17. Indicate the punctuation needed in the blank space in the following sentence.

The solemn ceremony turned out to be a comedy of errors___ to begin with, the photographer slipped on spilled champagne and fell into the cake.

Answers:

  1. Colon
  2. Comma
  3. Semi-colon
  4. No punctuation needed

18. Which of the following sentences is punctuated correctly?

Answers:

  1. His sister, a former medalist in the 400-meter relay, didn’t even make it to the final cut.
  2. His sister (a former medalist in the 400-meter relay), didn’t even make it to the final cut.
  3. His sister a former medalist in the 400-meter relay, didn’t even make it to the final cut.
  4. His sister, a former medalist in the 400 meter relay, didn’t even make it to the final cut.

19. Complete the following sentence by selecting the option that correctly uses double and/or single quotation marks.

Has Albert finished reading that article _____________

Answers:

  1. , Ten Marketing Tips that Can’t Go Wrong?’
  2. Ten Marketing Tips that Can’t Go Wrong”.
  3. “Ten Marketing Tips that Can’t Go Wrong?”
  4. , “Ten Marketing Tips that Can’t Go Wrong”?

20. Select the option that correctly completes the following sentence.

How does what ____________ studying fit in with ____________ career goals?

Answers:

  1. your / you’re
  2. your / your
  3. you’re / you’re
  4. you’re / your

21. Select the option that correctly completes the following sentence.

____________ ideas are equally valuable, so be sure to speak up at the meeting.

Answers:

  1. Everyones
  2. Everyones’
  3. Everyone’s
  4. Everyoneses

22. Indicate the punctuation needed in the blank space in the following sentence.

There are several basic sentence structures writers can use to add variety to their writing___ among them are simple sentences, compound sentences, and complex sentences.

Answers:

  1. Semi-colon
  2. Colon
  3. Comma
  4. No punctuation needed

23. Indicate the punctuation needed in the blank space in the following sentence.

This special history course will focus on four areas of visual, literary, and performing arts___ musical theater, sculpture, modern art, and poetry.

Answers:

  1. Semi-colon
  2. Comma
  3. Hyphen
  4. Colon

24. Select the option that correctly identifies where a comma is needed.

We sat down to a delicious lunch at the crowded(A) open-air(B) restaurant.

Answers:

  1. Comma at (A)
  2. Comma at (B)
  3. Comma at (A) and (B)
  4. No commas needed

25. Select the option that correctly completes the following sentence.

Every time I teach Twain’s novel _____________, I’m inspired to _______________ just like Huck himself!

Answers:

  1. The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn / light out for the territory
  2. The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn / light out for the territory
  3. The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn / “light out for the territory”
  4. “The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn” / light out for the territory

26. Indicate the end punctuation needed in the blank space in the following sentence.

This term paper is due tomorrow and I haven’t even started yet___

Answers:

  1. Exclamation point AND question mark
  2. Question mark OR period
  3. Exclamation point OR question mark
  4. Period OR exclamation point

27. Indicate the punctuation needed in the blank spaces in the following sentence.

No one had counted on Vladimir arriving so soon___ his sudden appearance threw a wrench into our plans___ and we had no idea how to extricate ourselves from the situation.

Answers:

  1. Colon / none
  2. Semi-colon / comma
  3. Dash / semi-colon
  4. Comma / dash

28. Select the option that correctly identifies where a comma is needed.

Our daughter has always been a bit rebellious(A) constantly thinking up ways to assert her independence(B) and stand out from the crowd.

Answers:

  1. Comma at (A)
  2. Comma at (B)
  3. Comma at (A) and (B)
  4. No commas needed

29. Indicate the punctuation needed in the blank space in the following sentence.

For the camping trip, the Girl Scouts brought___ three tents, an electric stove, and plenty of insect repellent.

Answers:

  1. Colon
  2. Comma
  3. Semi-colon
  4. No punctuation needed

30. Indicate the punctuation needed in the blank spaces in the following sentence.

The well___known opera singer___whose ego was as big as her voice___refused to sing at any venue that wasn’t well___known among the opera crowd.

Answers:

  1. None / dash / dash / hyphen
  2. Hyphen / dash / dash / none
  3. Hyphen / none / none / dash
  4. No punctuation needed

31. Complete the following sentence by selecting the option that correctly uses double and/or single quotation marks.

Sylvia Plath’s poem _____________ is one of my all-time favorites!

Answers:

  1. ‘Daddy’
  2. Daddy
  3. “Daddy”<>/span<
  4. , “Daddy,”

32. Indicate the punctuation needed in the blank spaces in the following sentence.

Gerald and Gerard___two of the most annoying people we’ve ever met___insisted on dropping by every Sunday morning at ten.

Answers:

  1. Dash / dash
  2. Hyphen / hyphen
  3. Dash / semi-colon
  4. Comma / dash

33. Indicate the punctuation needed in the blank space in the following sentence.

The dahlias and lilacs at the south end of the garden are in full bloom___ in contrast, those at the north end have barely begun to form buds.

Answers:

  1. Colon
  2. Semi-colon
  3. Comma
  4. No punctuation needed

34. Indicate the punctuation needed in the blank spaces in the following sentence.

“Would you like another sandwich___”___ asked John as he wiped mustard off my chin.

Answers:

  1. Comma / question mark
  2. Question mark / none
  3. Question mark / comma
  4. No punctuation needed

35. Complete the following sentence by selecting the option that makes correct use of the mechanics of writing.

How many years before Lincoln’s ______________ was the ________________ signed?

Answers:

  1. Gettysburg Address / Declaration of Independence
  2. Gettysburg Address / Declaration of Independence
  3. “Gettysburg Address” / Declaration of Independence
  4. Gettysburg Address / “Declaration of Independence”

36. Select the option that correctly identifies where a comma is needed.

Anyone(A) who has been inside that school lately(B) knows what terrible shape it’s in(C) so I can understand why the parents are angry about the budget cuts.

Answers:

  1. Comma at (A)
  2. Comma at (B)
  3. Comma at (A) and (B)
  4. Comma at (C)
  5. Comma at (B) and (C)

37. Select the option that correctly identifies where a comma is needed.

One of Shakespeare’s greatest comedies(A) Much Ado About Nothing(B) features the wonderful witty war between Beatrice and Benedick.

Answers:

  1. Comma at (A)
  2. Comma at (B)
  3. Comma at (A) and (B)
  4. No commas needed

38. Indicate the end punctuation needed in the blank spaces in the following sentence.

The man at the gas station said, “Stay on the highway for another eighty miles___ ___

Answers:

  1. Period / quotation mark
  2. Question mark / quotation mark
  3. Period / none
  4. Quotation mark / question mark

39. Which of the following sentences correctly uses double and/or single quotation marks?

Answers:

  1. “Why,” asked my son, “does everyone say ‘Bless you!’ when I sneeze?”
  2. “Why,” asked my son, “does everyone say “Bless you!” when I sneeze?”
  3. ‘Why’, asked my son, ‘does everyone say “Bless you”! when I sneeze?’
  4. “Why,” asked my son, “does everyone say ‘Bless you’! when I sneeze?”

40. Which of the following sentences uses commas correctly?

Answers:

  1. During a thunderstorm, small animals scurry for cover and gusts of wind, can take you by surprise.
  2. During a thunderstorm, small animals scurry for cover, and gusts of wind can take you by surprise.
  3. During a thunderstorm small animals scurry for cover, and gusts of wind can take you by surprise.
  4. During a thunderstorm small animals scurry for cover and gusts of wind can take you by surprise.

41. Which of the following sentences correctly uses parentheses and/or brackets?

Answers:

  1. The famous actress once stated, “The only way you’ll ever get me back there [her native England] is if you drag me by the hair and threaten to draw (and quarter) me.”
  2. The famous actress once stated, [The only way you’ll ever get me back there (her native England) is if you drag me by the hair and threaten to draw and quarter me.”]
  3. The famous actress once stated, “The only way you’ll ever get me back there [her native England] is if you drag me by the hair and threaten to draw and quarter me.”
  4. The famous actress once stated, “The only way you’ll ever get me back there (her native England) is if you drag me by the hair and threaten to draw and quarter me.”

42. Select the option that correctly identifies where a comma is needed.

The book is the second(A) of a series(B) and has enjoyed immense success abroad.

Answers:

  1. Comma at (A)
  2. Comma at (B)
  3. Comma at (A) and (B)
  4. No commas needed

43. Complete the following sentence by selecting the option that makes correct use of the mechanics of writing.

The ________________ gathered the White House staff and delivered the terrible news.

Answers:

  1. President
  2. Pres.
  3. president
  4. pres.

44. Indicate the punctuation needed in the blank spaces in the following sentence.

The so___called forensics expert offered biased testimony___testimony that may have cost the prosecution the trial.

Answers:

  1. None / dash
  2. Hyphen / dash
  3. Hyphen / semi-colon
  4. Dash / hyphen

45. Complete the following sentence by selecting the option that makes correct use of the mechanics of writing.

Homer’s epic poem _____________ is taught in most American high schools.

Answers:

  1. “The Odyssey”
  2. The Odyssey
  3. THE ODYSSEY
  4. The Odyssey

46. Select the option that correctly identifies where a comma is needed.

The biography I’m reading now says(A) that Marie Antoinette was(B) “a marionette(C) whose strings were mainly pulled by her powerful mother.”

Answers:

  1. Comma at (A)
  2. Comma at (B)
  3. Comma at (C)
  4. No commas needed

47. Indicate the end punctuation needed in the blank space in the following sentence.

Have the Smiths decided to name their son Harold Smith, Jr._____

Answers:

  1. Question mark
  2. Second period
  3. Exclamation point
  4. No punctuation needed

48. Which of the following sentences is correctly punctuated?

Answers:

  1. Oahu is a beautiful island: however, I prefer the wide beaches, lively crowds, and exciting nightlife of Australia.
  2. Oahu is a beautiful island, however; I prefer the wide beaches, lively crowds, and exciting nightlife of Australia.
  3. Oahu is a beautiful island; however, I prefer the wide beaches, lively crowds, and exciting nightlife of Australia.
  4. Oahu is a beautiful island—however, I prefer: the wide beaches, lively crowds, and exciting nightlife of Australia.

49. Select the option that correctly identifies where a comma is needed.

The unexpected firing of several employees alerted the staff to the company’s financial problems(A) and it led to an outbreak of panic(B) and fear.

Answers:

  1. Comma at (A)
  2. Comma at (B)
  3. Comma at (A) and (B)
  4. No commas needed

50. Which of the following sentences correctly uses parentheses and/or brackets?

Answers:

  1. Bertha announced that anyone who likes chocolate [and who doesn’t like chocolate?] would be welcome to visit her candy shop for a free sample.
  2. Bertha announced that anyone (who likes chocolate) [and who doesn’t like chocolate?] would be welcome to visit her candy shop for a free sample.
  3. Bertha announced that anyone who likes chocolate (and who doesn’t like chocolate?) would be welcome to visit her candy shop for a free sample.
  4. Bertha announced that anyone who likes chocolate (and who doesn’t like chocolate?) would be welcome to visit her candy shop (for a free sample.)

51. Which of the following sentences uses commas correctly?

Answers:

  1. Most of the editors agreed that the new manuscript, “was a vast improvement over the author’s first attempt,” even though some still thought that nothing could top the original.
  2. Most of the editors agreed that the new manuscript “was a vast improvement over the author’s first attempt,” even though some still thought that nothing could top the original.
  3. Most of the editors agreed that the new manuscript “was a vast improvement over the author’s first attempt” even though some still thought that nothing could top the original.
  4. Most of the editors agreed, that the new manuscript “was a vast improvement over the author’s first attempt” even though, some still thought that nothing could top the original.

52. Indicate the punctuation needed in the blank space in the following sentence.

Doctor Graham and his partners just published a paper entitled “Brand New You___Discovering Your True Talents Through Hypnotherapy.”

Answers:

  1. Hyphen
  2. Colon
  3. Semi-colon
  4. No punctuation needed

53. Which of the following sentences correctly uses parentheses and/or brackets?

Answers:

  1. Most of the participants in the 1992 study reported immediate improvements in their condition. But in a recent poll [2007] of the original participants, only 45% reported continued satisfaction with the results of the treatment.
  2. Most of the participants in the (1992) study reported immediate improvements in their condition. But in a recent poll [2007] of the original participants, only 45% reported continued satisfaction with the results of the treatment.
  3. Most of the participants in the 1992 study reported immediate improvements in their condition. (But in a recent poll [2007] of the original participants, only 45% reported continued satisfaction with the results of the treatment.)

54. Which of the following sentences correctly uses parentheses and/or brackets?

Answers:

  1. Once people had seen Elvira’s face (on billboards), in magazines, and on television, they didn’t soon forget it.
  2. Once people had seen Elvira’s face (on billboards, in magazines, and on television), they didn’t soon forget it.
  3. Once people had seen Elvira’s face (on billboards, in magazines, and on television), they didn’t [soon] forget it.
  4. Once people had seen Elvira’s face on billboards, in magazines, (and on television), they didn’t (soon) forget it.

55. Indicate the punctuation needed in the blank space in the following sentence.

Many students have failed that professor’s exams___ the most common reason is that students can’t stay awake through all those boring lectures.

Answers:

  1. Comma
  2. Colon
  3. Semi-colon
  4. No punctuation needed

56. Which of the following sentences uses semi-colons and/or colons correctly?

Answers:

  1. None of us could tolerate Mary’s boyfriend for long; he drank too much; he bragged about nothing; and he belched loudly and often.
  2. None of us could tolerate Mary’s boyfriend for long; he drank too much, he bragged about nothing: and he belched loudly and often.
  3. None of us could tolerate Mary’s boyfriend for long: he drank too much; he bragged about nothing; and he belched loudly and often.
  4. None of us could tolerate Mary’s boyfriend for long: he drank too much, he bragged about nothing, and he belched loudly and often.

57. Complete the following sentence by selecting the option that correctly uses double and/or single quotation marks.

_________________ announced our host at the racetrack.

Answers:

  1. The third race has been postponed until five o’clock,
  2. ‘The third race has been postponed until five o’clock’,
  3. “The third race has been postponed until five o’clock,”
  4. “The third race has been postponed until five o’clock,

58. Select the option that correctly completes the following sentence.

This pearl and emerald ring used to be my ____________.

Answers:

  1. mother-in-laws’
  2. mother’s-in-law
  3. mother-in-law’s
  4. mothers’-in-law

59. Select the option that correctly completes the following sentence.

__________ not likely that the maple tree will lose all __________ leaves in August.

Answers:

  1. It’s / its
  2. It’s / it’s
  3. Its / it’s
  4. Its / its

60. Select the option that correctly identifies where a comma is needed.

The isolated(A) tropical island offered tourists clean(B) white(C) sandy beaches, a peaceful atmosphere, and water sports galore.

Answers:

  1. Comma at (A) and (B)
  2. Comma at (B)
  3. Comma at (B) and (C)
  4. Comma at (C)

61. Complete the following sentence by selecting the option that correctly uses double and/or single quotation marks.

Whenever I started to whine that life was unfair, my father would say, ____________________

Answers:

  1. “Try to remember Einstein’s Words: You have to learn the rules of the game. And then you have to play better than anyone else.”
  2. ‘Try to remember Einstein’s words: ‘You have to learn the rules of the game. And then you have to play better than anyone else.”
  3. “Try to remember Einstein’s words: “You have to learn the rules of the game. And then you have to play better than anyone else.””
  4. “Try to remember Einstein’s words: ‘You have to learn the rules of the game. And then you have to play better than anyone else.'”

62. Select the option that correctly identifies where a comma is needed.

Sheila used to be the CEO(A) of a major financial company(B) but now she spends most of her time raising money for various charities.

Answers:

  1. Comma at (A)
  2. Comma at (B)
  3. Comma at (A) and (B)
  4. No commas needed

63. Indicate the end punctuation needed in the blank space in the following sentence.

Ask the boss when this presentation is due___

Answers:

  1. Question mark
  2. Period
  3. Exclamation point
  4. No punctuation needed

64. Select the option that correctly identifies where a comma is needed.

The employee(A) who miscounted the change(B) refused to admit his mistake.

Answers:

  1. Comma at (A)
  2. Comma at (B)
  3. Comma at (A) and (B)
  4. No commas needed

65. Select the option that correctly completes the following sentence.

Why is the ____________ locker room so much bigger than the ____________ locker room?

Answers:

  1. mens’ / womens’
  2. men’s / women’s
  3. men / women
  4. mens / womens

66. Which of the following sentences correctly uses hyphens and/or dashes?

Answers:

  1. The famous sixteenth-century painter apparently suffered from low self-esteem, but experts who studied his work in the seventeenth century saw only confidence in his brushstrokes.
  2. The famous sixteenth-century painter apparently suffered from low self-esteem, but experts who studied his work in the seventeenth-century saw only confidence in his brush-strokes.
  3. The famous sixteenth-century painter apparently suffered from low selfesteem, but experts who studied his work in the seventeenth century saw only confidence in his brush-strokes.
  4. The famous sixteenth century painter apparently suffered from low self-esteem, but experts who studied his work in the seventeenth-century saw only confidence in his brushstrokes.

67. Which of the following sentences uses commas correctly?

Answers:

  1. Since Margie, and her sister Mable, both have blonde hair they are often mistaken for one another.
  2. Since Margie, and her sister Mable, both have blonde hair, they are often mistaken for one another.
  3. Since Margie and her sister Mable both have blonde hair, they are often mistaken for one another.
  4. Since Margie and her sister Mable, both have blonde hair, they are often mistaken for one another.

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Upwork English Language

U.S. English Proofreading Skills Test (Chicago) 2016

Published by:

1. Which of the following sentences contains an error in punctuation?

Answers:

  1. Alice intended to climb the mountain; however, she changed her mind once she’d seen the weather forecast.
  2. “You’re nuts,” said Brindel, “and we refuse to take any more orders from you.
  3. No Swimming — piranhas congregate here!
  4. I read Nathan’s manual, entitled “How to Raise Peaceful Chickens,” from cover to cover.

2. Which of the following sentences correctly punctuates a run-in list?

Answers:

  1. You are required to provide (1), three watercolor brushes (2), three oil brushes and (3), one easel.
  2. The professor will lead workshops in (a) working with pastels; (b) working with watercolors, and (c) working with oil paints.
  3. The workshops are offered in three one-week summer sessions: (a) the first week in June, (b) the third week in July, and (c) the second week in August.
  4. You are required to provide (1) watercolor brushes, oil brushes, and a palette; (2) a variety of pencils, pens, pastels, and charcoals; and (3) two sketch pads, two frames, and an easel.
  5. a and b
  6. c and d

3. Identify the type of error contained in the following sentence.

Each of the choristers know when and how to warm up and get ready for a performance.

Answers:

  1. Pronoun case
  2. Pronoun-antecedent agreement
  3. Subject-verb agreement
  4. Parallelism

4. Which of the following sentences does not contain an inconsistency?

Answers:

  1. The marketing team will include Harlon Welsh, Emily DeAngelis, Ms. Rumson, and Jim Cash.
  2. I sent out invoices 1518, 1533, 1585, 1572, and 1591 yesterday.
  3. Their telephone number is 518-555-7423, and their fax number is (518) 555-7424.
  4. Maryann’s Ice Cream Shoppe has just ordered 35 pounds of toppings: 10 pounds of miniature nonpareils, 10 pounds of crushed chocolate wafers, and 15 pounds of multicolored sprinkles.

5. Which of the following sentences contains an error in comma usage?

Answers:

  1. Sarah took the cats to the vet, and Alan took them to the groomer for a bath.
  2. My husband wanted to borrow my Ferrari, but he couldn’t find the keys I’d hidden.
  3. Larry’s recent investment left him fifty thousand dollars richer, and confirmed his financial prowess.
  4. Zippy painted the wall from left to right, but Zappy painted it from top to bottom.

6. Which of the following sentences is most correct in terms of punctuation?

Answers:

  1. My carpenter friend, did I already tell you this?, will look at the work tomorrow and give you an estimate.
  2. My carpenter friend (did I already tell you this?) will look at the work tomorrow and give you an estimate.
  3. My carpenter friend: did I already tell you this?: will look at the work tomorrow and give you an estimate.
  4. My carpenter friend—did I already tell you this?—will look at the work tomorrow and give you an estimate.

7. Which of the following index entries is incorrect?

Answers:

  1. Blumenthal, Dr., Richard, 105
  2. King, Martin Luther, Jr., 15
  3. Thomas Aquinas, Saint, 34
  4. Twain, Mark (Samuel Langhorne Clemens), 98

8. Compare the following manuscript copy to the final proof copy and identify the line that contains an error.

MANUSCRIPT:

Darling, Helga L. Ext 2331 hdarling@millingscuff.nz.cc
Hilyam, Harper S. Ext 2535 hhily@millingscuff.nz.cc
OffHart, Nellie A. Ext 3323 noffha@millingscuff.nz.cc
Parvcel, Jerome M. Ext 3330 jparvc@millingscuff.nz.cc
Ralston, Lucrezia F. Ext 2393 lralsto@millingscuff.nz.cc

FINAL PROOF:

Answers:

  1. Darling, Helga L. Ext 2331 hdarling@millingscuff.nz.cc
  2. Hilyam, Harper S. Ext 2535 hhily@millingscuff.nz.cc
  3. OffHart, Nellie A. Ext 3323 noffha@millingscuff.nz.cc
  4. Parvcel, Jerome M. Ext 3330 jparvc@milingscuff.nz.cc
  5. Ralston, Lucrezia F. Ext 2393 lralsto@millingscuff.nz.cc

9. Which of the following sentences contains an inconsistency?

Answers:

  1. We are preparing shipments to Augusta, Sacramento, and Kansas City.
  2. Dr. Amanda Bellingham will be the guest of honor at the dinner. Please have the driver pick up Dr. Bellingham at her hotel at 5:00 p.m.
  3. Today is Monday, August 15; the committee will not meet until Friday, August 20.
  4. The 10% discount he negotiated on that $730 printer saved the company $73.

10. Which of the following sentences does not contain an error in comma usage?

Answers:

  1. That gigantic balding man was easy to distinguish in the crowd.
  2. That gigantic, balding man was easy to distinguish in the crowd.
  3. That gigantic, balding, man was easy to distinguish in the crowd.
  4. That gigantic balding man, was easy to distinguish in the crowd.

11. Read the following passage and identify the type of error or inconsistency it contains.

Charlie has never learned to speak German very well; he still thinks in his mother tongue, which distracts him so much that he ended up making mistakes in even the simplest German sentences.

Answers:

  1. Subject-verb agreement
  2. Pronoun-antecedent agreement
  3. Tense or verb shift
  4. Pronoun case
  5. No error

12. Which of the entries below does not follow best practice for indexing the names of titled persons?

Answers:

  1. Elizabeth II (queen), 28
  2. Albert II, Prince of Monaco, 67
  3. Sussex, 3rd Earl of (Oliver Ashton Cooper), 45
  4. Pope (John Paul II), 88

13. Which of the following is not a duty generally performed by a proofreader?

Answers:

  1. Comparing a galley or first proof word for word against an edited manuscript
  2. Correcting minor errors of accuracy and consistency in spelling, grammar, capitalization, hyphenation, and other style elements
  3. Checking for errors in running heads, page numbers, word breaks, and formatting
  4. Checking the overall consistency and effectiveness of the author’s voice and of the plot, characterization, organization, and structure of the text
  5. Ensuring that the author’s final changes to the manuscript have been correctly transferred to the proof
  6. Checking the accuracy of numbers, abbreviations, titles, bulleted lists, tables, figures, and captions

14. Compare the following manuscript copy to the final proof copy and identify the section that contains an error.

MANUSCRIPT:

Dr. A. Altobelli
draaltobelli@office.org
Confirmation #65E1ZT
Flight BA5648
Dep London 16:05 Arr Berlin 18:30
10/11/08
Ms. Eliza Bartholomew
16548-22 Pleasant Valley Drive
Almond Grove, NH 22578
858-942-7724

FINAL PROOF:

Answers:

  1. Dr. A. Altobelli draaltobelli@office.org
  2. Confirmation #65E1ZT Flight BA5648 Dep London 16:05 Arr Berlin 18:30 10/11/08
  3. Ms. Eliza Bartholomew 16548-22 Pleasant Valley Dr. Almond Grove, NH 22578 858-942-7724
  4. No error

15. Which of the following sentences is/are punctuated correctly?

Answers:

  1. According to the surgeon, no one had ever left his operating room alive, why he boasted of such a thing remains a mystery.
  2. My dog is not only trained to bring me my slippers: but also to dry the dishes and hang out the laundry.
  3. Terrence’s audition repertoire includes the songs “Luck Be a Lady” and “Lily’s Eyes.”
  4. “My favorite part of the movie,” said Alice, “is when he yells out the window.”
  5. c and d

16. Which of the following author-date style text citations is incorrect?

Answers:

  1. (Harrison 2004, vol. 3)
  2. (Talley 1983, 12-14)
  3. (2004 Keegan, sec. 7)
  4. (Salmon 1995, 2:325–28)

17. Compare the following manuscript copy to the final proof copy and identify the section that contains an error.

MANUSCRIPT:

Invoice #32158-65 10/08/06 22:15:30
Rcvd J. Cannaro, Dep 535
Ord#65998
50 Part#665LU @ $27.50
65 Part#805ZT-1 @ $32.35
25 Part#22232-X @ $102.40
Delivery: ManhattanTrucking
FOB New Brunswick
Tel 858-654-3323 x56427

FINAL PROOF:

Answers:

  1. Invoice #32158-65 10/08/06 22:15:30 Rcvd J. Cannaro, Dep 535 Ord#65998
  2. 50 Part#665LU @ $27.50 65 Part#805ZT-1 @ $32.35 25 Part#22322-X @ $102.40
  3. Delivery: ManhattanTrucking FOB New Brunswick Tel 858-654-3323 x56427
  4. No error

18. Which of the following sentences contains an error or inconsistency?

Answers:

  1. Margaret seldom misses an error when she proofreads others’ papers, but proofing her own is a whole different story.
  2. You’ve put me in the awkward and embarassing position of having to report you for harassment.
  3. Don’t forget to bring what we need for the picnic (cups, napkins, plates, etc.)
  4. My birthday falls on a Monday this year, just two days before Thanksgiving.
  5. All of the above
  6. None of the above

19. Compare the following manuscript copy to the final proof copy and identify the line that contains an error.

MANUSCRIPT: One plane, eight yachts, sixteen luxury cars, numerous houses, villas, and apartments—my grandfather was disgustingly rich, but also disgustingly stingy. Upon his death, we discovered that, rather than divide his estate equally among his family members, Grandpa had decided to leave a tiny morsel to every person in town—total strangers!—so that none of us could, and I quote, “slip into the lap of luxury on the sweat of [his] brow.”

FINAL PROOF:

Answers:

  1. One plane, eight yachts, sixteen luxury cars, numerous houses, villas, and apartments—
  2. my grandfather was disgustingly rich, but also disgustingly stingy. Upon his death, we
  3. discovered that, rather than divide his estate equally among his family members,
  4. Grandpa had decided to leave a tiny morsel to every person in town—total strangers!—
  5. so that none of us, and I quote, “slip into the lap of luxury on the sweat of [his] brow.”
  6. b and c
  7. No error

20. Which of the following sentences contains an error in punctuation?

Answers:

  1. Although the allowance for dart width determines the shape of the garment, it does not always have to be sewn into a dart (or so I read).
  2. My sister, who is a consummate seamstress, taught me four new design techniques; the mandarin collar, the dolman sleeve, the contoured waistband, and the French cuff.
  3. The man who designed Ralph’s tuxedo also designed dashing ensembles for Ricardo, my Chihuahua, and Esther, my hedgehog.
  4. Having scolded me for my carelessness, the tailor proceeded to repair the gaping hole in my jacket.
  5. a and b
  6. b and c

21. Read the following passage and identify the type of error or inconsistency it contains.

The baby giraffe just loved to play with the puma cub. Their games came inevitably—and painfully—to an end, however, after the first few times the giraffe smashed his face against the low tree limbs under which the little puma lithely slipped.

Answers:

  1. Comma splice
  2. Pronoun reference
  3. Faulty modifier
  4. Parallelism
  5. No error

22. Which of the following sentences contains an error in grammar or usage?

Answers:

  1. Five top hats, two of which are covered in sequins, have been donated to the theater.
  2. Abigail, who desperately needs a new car, has started skiing to work.
  3. Here’s a list of all the animals that are currently in need of new homes.
  4. Ronald is just one of those people that can’t take a joke.
  5. None of the above

23. Which of the following sentences contains an error in punctuation?

Answers:

  1. “What do you think they meant,” asked Lucy, “when they said, ‘You should prepare yourselves emotionally?'”
  2. The butler (I almost died laughing!) told the story of Millie’s indiscretion to the whole staff.
  3. Horace said that he intends to return the stolen goods; his word, however, has never been golden.
  4. Malcolm’s sudden and bitter reply, “Leave me in peace, you magpies!” left us all scratching our heads.

24. Which of the following lists is punctuated correctly?

Answers:

  1. When compiling the mailing list, please be sure to check addresses for accuracy and consistency; verify titles, positions, and department names; and double check all phone numbers and extensions.
  2. The goal of the mailing list update is to check the accuracy of company addresses, titles, and positions of contact names; and phone numbers and extensions.
  3. To update the mailing list, you must check each company’s directory to verify its mailing address: call each department to verify the name and title of its supervisor: double check the phone numbers and extensions against the master list.
  4. The goal of the mailing list update is to: check the accuracy of company addresses: titles and positions of contact names: phone numbers, and extensions.

25. Which of the following sentences contains an error in the author-date style text citation?

Answers:

  1. The recent literature has examined such aspects as the role of hiccups in digestion (Salmon 1995), post-operative and recovery concerns (Yarnoff 2004; Talley and Talley 2001), and new surgical practices (Salmon and Sculley 1999).
  2. Harrison (Harrison 2007) contends that there is a direct link between the attitude of a company’s employees and the company’s level of success.
  3. Keegan’s book on the social mores of turn-of-the-century New York (2004) uncovers a sometimes surprising underbelly of vice and corruption.
  4. One is certainly made more aware of the dangers when confronted with the so-called professionals “who care more about the bottom line than about the health of their patients” (Stern, Lipkin, et al. 2003).

26. Read the following passage and select the line that contains an error in grammar or usage.

Answers:

  1. We expect only three things—three very important things—from
  2. our camp counselors: Loyalty, enthusiasm, and the desire to help
  3. those in need. If those simple things are not in your repertoire,
  4. please don’t bother applying to our program.
  5. No error

27. Which of the following represents a correct bibliographic entry?

Answers:

  1. Keegan, Michelle. The First Rule: Societal Restrictions at the Turn of the Century. New York: Rand McNally, 2004.
  2. Barrington, Gavin R., and T. R. Yang. History of the Universe. 2nd ed. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1964.
  3. Harrison, Walter C., trans. “Crossing the Divide.” AMA Newsletter 25 (January–February 2007): 4–12.
  4. U.S. Senate. Committee on Public Lands. National Parks Report. 104th Cong., 1st sess., 1995.
  5. a and c
  6. All of the above

28. Read the following passage and select the line that contains an error in punctuation.

Answers:

  1. The amount of warmth received by the various regions of the globe and thus the
  2. temperature characteristics of the four seasons, depends largely upon the angle at
  3. which solar radiation reaches the Earth, which is in turn a function of the time
  4. of day, the geographic latitude, and the time of year.
  5. No error

29. Which of the entries below does not follow best practice for indexing titles of publications?

Answers:

  1. Bald Soprano, The (Ionesco), 67
  2. Arms and the Man (Shaw), 12-32
  3. The New York Times
  4. Verdi, Giuseppe, works of: Don Carlo, 37; Aida, 38-41; Otello, 42

30. Which of the following sentences contains an error in number usage, style, or consistency?

Answers:

  1. I drove seventeen miles in the rain at 30 mph to pick up some 35 mm film for you, and all you can do is complain that I got only one roll instead of two.
  2. Please write your memos on 8½ x 11-inch paper rather than on the A4 size.
  3. The biggest lasagna in the world was forty-five M long and used one hundred and 22 KG of tomatoes.
  4. Only 36 percent of our town’s population voted in the last election, which means that more than five thousand people stayed away from the polls.

31. Which of the following sentences uses correct punctuation?

Answers:

  1. According to these records, the school years 1998 and 2001 were plagued by dwindling budgets.
  2. For a more in-depth analysis refer to Smiths study, [2002], and Huffingtons enlightening essay, (2007).
  3. The final scores in the international championship were as follows; England, 6; Germany, 4.
  4. Italian has two terms for the word ‘face’ one for the face of a human, (viso), and another for the face of an animal (muso).

32. Review the following examples of main headings for index entries. Which example does not follow best practice for creating main headings?

Answers:

  1. Nardo, Alison, 34
  2. hibiscus, cultivation of, 269-72
  3. yellow marigolds, 55
  4. American Society for Horticultural Science, 72, 85, 101

33. Which of the underlined parts of the following sentences contains an error or inconsistency?

Answers:

  1. Were these fourteen zebras ordered by you and her or by Sam and Al?
  2. Herbert and Peg have always been so rude to Arthur and me.
  3. Stella’s and Alma’s puppies usually frolic together at the dog park.
  4. Each of the climbers has undergone a rigorous physical assessment.

34. Which of the following sentences contains an error in punctuation?

Answers:

  1. Maria loved the production of Cymbeline: she went back to see it three times.
  2. My mother said, “Be careful of what you wish for.”
  3. Deb has only three desires: to be happy, to be safe, and to be loved.
  4. The professor used only the words “drab” and “tasteless” to describe Arthur’s poetry.

35. Which of the following sentences is correct in terms of number usage, style, or consistency?

Answers:

  1. Dr. Hahn had to give up his yacht when he filed for Chapter 11 protection.
  2. The bowlers, who were all in their forties, brought in scores that included two 289s and four 300s.
  3. My 5-year-old daughter has already read ¾ of the encyclopedia.
  4. Refer to pages 36-62 for information on activities for age groups 3 to five, 6-8, and 9 up to eleven.
  5. a and b

36. Which of the following sentences contains an agreement error?

Answers:

  1. We only have time for one poem—which one shall we read?
  2. Do you know whether the horses and sheep have come back to their stables?
  3. Each acrobat will have a chance to show their special skills to the judges.
  4. Only one of the nuns was allowed to drive the van.

37. Read the following passage and select the line that contains an error in punctuation.

Answers:

  1. My colleague, in an effort to win the pity vote and therefore shield himself from blame,
  2. told our boss that he had recently, and quite unexpectedly, separated from his wife; that
  3. his neighbor—whom, incidentally he had once saved from a burning building—had
  4. reported him to the police for disturbing the peace; and that he suspected foul
  5. play in the recent disappearance of Sophie, his beloved cat.
  6. No error

38. Identify the type of error contained in the following sentence.

Because I have an extreme allergy to nuts, I only ate the cake and not the pecan pie.

Answers:

  1. Dangling modifier
  2. Diction or wrong word choice
  3. Misplaced modifier
  4. Comparison

39. Read the following passage and identify the line that contains an error or inconsistency.

Answers:

  1. Her photo has been on that piano for more than twenty years. I don’t have the courage
  2. to remove it because it had always been there—has always belonged there. And who
  3. knows—perhaps it will still be there twenty years from now, when I am long gone.
  4. No error

40. Read the following options and select the line that contains an error in grammar or usage.

Answers:

  1. Everyone in town, intent on sending that crook of a mayor to jail, testified
  2. in front of the judge. Even the judge testified, asking himself questions
  3. and giving himself carefully considered responses. The mayor didn’t stand a chance.
  4. No error

41. Read the following passage and identify the line that contains an error or inconsistency.

Answers:

  1. My mother does not have a green thumb—as witness, I
  2. call the numerous drooping plants that that huddle sadly on her
  3. balcony like the frightened survivors of some strange calamity.
  4. No error

42. Read the following passage and identify the line that contains an error or inconsistency.

Answers:

  1. That boat has cost us a fortune so far: more than $25,000 to repair the hull
  2. after the hurricane; $10,000 upgrading the interior; and $5,000 to keep it docked
  3. for the summer. What do you say we get rid of it and buy a beach cottage?
  4. No error

43. It is imperative to include the author’s last access date when citing online sources.

Answers:

  1. True
  2. False

44. Which of the underlined sections in the following sentences contains an error in diction?

Answers:

  1. We racked our brains to come up with a solution to the problem.
  2. It’s wonderful how little affected Agnes and John are by the ravages of time.
  3. The mysterious letter implied that my wife was having an affair with the butler.
  4. I was overwhelmed by the growing amount of protesters outside my window.

45. Read the following passage and identify the line that contains an error or inconsistency.

Answers:

  1. I found an opening in my schedule to come see you next Friday; however, from
  2. what I under stand, you’ll still be out of town at that point. Please let my assistant
  3. now when your next available so she can pencil me in—the sooner the better.
  4. b and c
  5. a and b

46. Which of the following sentences contains an error in apostrophe usage?

Answers:

  1. My sister hopes to open a clinic that will offer programs on women’s health.
  2. Fortnoy loved to sneak into the art studio’s storage room and alter Phoebe’s paintings.
  3. I have all of Austen’s novels, but I’ve read only one of them.
  4. Isabel had no intention of ridding the dog of it’s fleas.

47. Which of the following sentences contains an error in number usage, style, or consistency?

Answers:

  1. The fact that you’ve run our debt up to 5.2 million dollars peeves me to the nth degree!
  2. Sue told me for the thousandth time that she had only 127 chickens, not 130 as I had thought.
  3. Nineteen seventy-three saw the largest population increase since 1952.
  4. 4 of the girls live 15 kilometers away, while 2 of them live only six kilometers away.

48. Which of the following statements about typeset matter is correct?

Answers:

  1. There should be no character space after any mark of punctuation that ends a sentence.
  2. A single character space should follow any mark of punctuation that ends a sentence.
  3. Two character spaces should follow any mark of punctuation that ends a sentence.
  4. One or two character spaces may follow any mark of punctuation that ends a sentence.

49. Read the following passage and select the line that contains an error in number usage, style, or consistency.

Answers:

  1. Seeing as our train wasn’t scheduled to leave until 12:10 p.m., we decided to
  2. drive the thirteen miles to Albany to do a little shopping—it was, after all,
  3. only fifteen days until Christmas and we hadn’t even thought about gifts.
  4. 7 grandchildren, including a three-year-old, were counting on us!

50. Read the following passage and select the line that contains an error in punctuation.

Answers:

  1. The main character’s shift in attitude is apparent when she
  2. says: “Hilda swore up and down that she would never again speak to
  3. that awful man [her one-time lover.]” Indeed, that passage marks the
  4. beginning of the end of the relationship between the long-time friends.
  5. No error

51. Which of the following represents the correct way to write the publication information for a cited work in a bibliography?

Answers:

  1. New York: Macmillan, 1980
  2. New York: Macmillan 1980
  3. Macmillan, New York, 1980
  4. Macmillan: New York 1980

52. Read the following passage and select the line that contains an error in grammar or usage.

Answers:

  1. To the Esteemed Members of the Partners in Crime Adventure Club:
  2. Due to my deep-seeded fear of spiders and bats, I
  3. regret that I will be unable to join you in the spelunking
  4. expedition scheduled for next week.
  5. No error

53. Which of the following sentences contains an error in grammar or usage?

Answers:

  1. The media is apparently united in their efforts to slander the candidate.
  2. There’s no way our customer base has grown so much; the report is clearly flawed.
  3. Petra, an alumna of Harvard, has always engaged in good-natured rivalry with her brothers, alumni of Yale.

54. The following represents a complete bibliography for a scholarly paper. Review the entries and identify the line that contains an error.

Answers:

  1. Salmon, Harry R. Digestive Tracts: News and Views from the Belly of the Beast. New York: Oxford University Press, 1987.
  2. ———. “The Hiccup and Its Role in Digestion.” In Neurobiology Now, edited by M. LaCrosse, 221-228. New York: Oxford University Press, 1995.
  3. Talley, Annie O. and Alice Talley, eds. Gastroenterology in the Modern Hospital. University of Chicago Press: 1983.
  4. Yarnoff, Malek, trans. Signs of Recovery. London: Stratton Books, 2004.

55. Which of the following sentences contains an error in punctuation?

Answers:

  1. Colonel Parker lived in Saratoga from 1847 to 1859; for more about that period of his life, see chapters: 8 and 11.
  2. The years after World War II saw a large increase in non-English-speaking immigrants.
  3. “Well, I have never been so insulted,” began Mrs. Tisdale, but the head waiter of the trendy restaurant cut her short.
  4. It’s obvious that Glinda’s love of dashes—which she displays even in her prose pieces—was inspired by the poetry of Emily Dickinson.

56. Compare the following manuscript copy to the final proof copy and identify the line that contains an error.

MANUSCRIPT:

To Mr. Brian Brenner, Boxing and Labeling Department:
Please be advised that as of May 15 the company will discontinue
its use of clear packing tape. New packing tape products in red,
blue, and yellow have already been ordered for delivery on Friday.
Please clear inventory of old stock and advise your staff of the change.

FINAL PROOF:

Answers:

  1. To Mr. Brain Brenner, Boxing and Labeling Department:
  2. Please be advised that as of May 15 the company will discontinue
  3. its use of clear packing tape. New packing tape products in red,
  4. blue and yellow have already been ordered for delivery on Friday.
  5. Please clear inventory of old stock and advise your staff of the change.
  6. a and d
  7. a, c, and d

57. Which of the following sentences contains an error in sentence structure?

Answers:

  1. As a homeowner, do-it-yourself projects have just become too expensive and time-consuming for me.
  2. Do-it-yourself projects have just become too expensive and time-consuming for me as a homeowner.
  3. I find, as a homeowner, that do-it-yourself projects have just become too expensive and time-consuming.
  4. As a homeowner, I find that do-it-yourself projects have just become too expensive and time-consuming.

58. Which of the following sentences does not contain an error or inconsistency?

Answers:

  1. After dividing up the loot, we realized that Lightfoot and Drake had taken the lions’ share.
  2. Hugh isn’t a close friend; still, I wish he would have invited me to the party.
  3. Having been awakened by the screaming sirens, the policeman met me in my pajamas.
  4. This year I learned how to tune a piano, make old-fashioned taffy, and speak French.

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Upwork English Language

U.S. English Basic Skills Test 2016

Published by:

1. Which of the following sentences illustrates correct usage of articles and conjunctions?

Answers:

  1. Celine lives on Arthur Street; however, she works on Beatrice Boulevard.
  2. I would eat a peach every day if I could, nor the doctor told me I couldn’t.
  3. Will Gertrude play the piano or an harp at the concert?
  4. Although she is angry at them, neither her son and her father will be at the party.

2. Choose the series of verbs and phrases that best completes the following passage.

This dish _________ too spicy. Why __________ so much pepper?

Answers:

  1. is, did the chef have to use
  2. was, the chef is using
  3. is, did the chef use
  4. was, the chef used
  5. a and c

3. Choose the series of articles and conjunctions that best completes the following sentence.

Neither we ________ Sal, our neighbor, could understand ________ it had been our dog Rover or Sal’s cat’s kittens _________ had destroyed all the flower beds in the middle of _______ night.

Answers:

  1. nor, whether, that, the
  2. or, if, who, the
  3. and, whether, than, a
  4. nor, if, that, a

4. Choose the series of verbs that best completes the following sentence.

Alison regrets _________ you with her remarks; she never meant _________ so.

Answers:

  1. to hurt, doing
  2. to hurt, to do
  3. hurting, doing
  4. hurting, to do

5. Which of the following sentences is NOT punctuated correctly?

Answers:

  1. We expect only three things from our dog: loyalty, affection, and tail wagging.
  2. I need you to pick up several boxes of paperclips, pens, and pencils; three pounds each of potatoes, carrots, and peas; and my dry cleaning.
  3. Marcy, my parrot, squawked for an hour, before finally calming down.
  4. All of the above are punctuated correctly.

6. Which of the following sentences illustrates the proper use of apostrophes?

Answers:

  1. Helga borrowed her friend’s skates for the day; however, she failed to return them.
  2. Thousand’s of bargains are available during the holiday season, but I cant find time to shop.
  3. The koala bear closed it’s eyes and fell fast asleep.
  4. Although I like the Joneses, I’m angry at them for breaking all of Ralphs’ tools.

7. Which of the following sentences does NOT illustrate correct verb and verb tense usage?

Answers:

  1. These repetitive and misleading guidelines could easily be interpreted in several different ways.
  2. Clarabelle’s mother absolutely hated nicknames and always calls her daughter by her full name.
  3. The Imagist movement in poetry is commonly regarded as having begun in the early twentieth century.
  4. We all danced across the lawn and lifted Zoe above our heads in triumph.

8. Which of the following sentences illustrates incorrect pronoun usage?

Answers:

  1. The wet dog shook itself off, wagged its tail, and proceeded on its way.
  2. Don’t take the silver goblet out of its protective case or you’ll ruin it.
  3. You should wear that jacket to their wedding because it’s the nicest one you have.
  4. It’s not too late to answer their ad for a waitress, is it?
  5. None of the above

9. Which of the following sentences illustrate(s) the proper use of commas?

Answers:

  1. Randy wanted to end the meeting, but Amy wanted to prolong it.
  2. After pouring herself a glass of water in silence, Nicky answered my question.
  3. The committee, which had failed to come to a consensus decided to meet again on Tuesday.
  4. Mr. Bridges is never home on the weekends, he always goes to his home in the country.
  5. a and b
  6. All of the above

10. Choose the series of pronouns that best completes the following sentence.

Victor, who stole _______ ideas and used them to make _______ a millionaire, never once offered _______ a word of thanks.

Answers:

  1. our, himself, we
  2. their, them, himself
  3. your, us, you
  4. our, himself, us

11. Choose the series of prepositions that best completes the following sentence.

Although the issue was very serious, the committee disposed ______ it in a few minutes and moved _______ to other business.

Answers:

  1. onto, off
  2. of, away
  3. on, out
  4. of, on

12. Choose the series of prepositions that best completes the following passage.

Although Marvin said he had hidden the keys _______ the flower pot, we were unable to find them _______ the dark. In the end, we waited for him at the coffee shop ___________ the corner.

Answers:

  1. under, in, around
  2. in, with, at
  3. around, at, on
  4. beside, from, around

13. Rearrange the following words to create the most logical and grammatically correct sentence.

work . is always to brother willing not My

Answers:

  1. My brother is not willing to work always.
  2. My brother is not always willing to work.
  3. is not willing to work always My brother.
  4. My work is not willing to always brother.

14. Change the following sentence from a quotation to indirect speech.

“I’m not feeling well,” Agatha said.

Answers:

  1. Agatha has said that she doesn’t feel well.
  2. According to Agatha, she isn’t feeling well.
  3. Agatha said she wasn’t feeling well.
  4. Agatha says she isn’t feeling well.

15. Which of the following sentences illustrates proper sentence structure?

Answers:

  1. Everyone knows that a mango is much sweeter to an orange.
  2. I saw the girl with my own eyes who said she had been abducted by aliens.
  3. Either one of you should try and to fix their broken fence.
  4. The queen had hardly finished her speech when the people began to disperse.

16. Choose the verb that best completes the following sentence.

Do you know if Harlon ____________Japanese before moving to Japan?

Answers:

  1. has studied
  2. has been studying
  3. will have been studying
  4. will be studying

17. Which of the following sentences is NOT punctuated correctly?

Answers:

  1. All of the apple’s at the grocer’s were rotten, so I bought oranges instead.
  2. “Seven canteens full of water should be enough for the hike,” said Tabitha.
  3. Until the stove is fixed, there’s no way I can bake a lemon meringue pie.
  4. The woman, whose name escapes me at the moment, disappeared into the limousine.

18. Choose the series of prepositions that best completes the following sentence.

Jeremy drove his motorcycle _______ the bridge, _______ the hill, and _______ the diner before finally parking it _______ two police cars.

Answers:

  1. beside, among, behind, near
  2. beneath, over, under, on
  3. across, down, past, between
  4. under, around, through, into

19. Choose the series of prepositions that best completes the following sentence.

The deer ran quickly _______ the trees, its hooves pounding _______ the forest floor.

Answers:

  1. amid, from
  2. over, at
  3. through, on
  4. throughout, on

20. Which of the following sentences illustrates correct verb and verb tense usage?

Answers:

  1. Until the snow is melting, the train is not able to move.
  2. Until the snow does not melt, the train will not be able to move.
  3. Until the snow melts, the train will not be able to move.
  4. Until the snow will melt, the train will not be able to move.

21. Choose the series of articles and conjunctions that best completes the following sentence.

I think Fran could be ______ great public speaker, _______ she is still too shy to try it.

Answers:

  1. the, although
  2. a, but
  3. an, however
  4. a, and

22. Which of the following sentences illustrates proper sentence structure?

Answers:

  1. Walking down the street, my eyes were drawn to a diamond in a store window.
  2. A small red car pulled up behind the woman with tinted windows.
  3. The man in the black cape mounted his powerful stallion and rode away.
  4. The cats chased the birds around the yard with the yellow beaks.

23. Which of the following sentences illustrates the proper use of parallel construction?

Answers:

  1. Terry hoped to find a new job that would let him earn extra cash in the summer and to work fewer hours.
  2. Although Tommy was failing his biology class at college, he was passing his chemistry class.
  3. Trina loved to sail, skate, swim, and surfing.
  4. Tatiana declared that the people in her office are smarter than the people who work in Tad’s office.

24. Choose the series of pronouns that best completes the following sentence.

After realizing that our hosts hadn’t actually invited ______ to ______ party, ______ excused ______ from the table and slipped out the back door.

Answers:

  1. us, their, we, ourselves
  2. ourselves, theirs, we, us
  3. them, our, they, themselves
  4. us, our, we, himself

25. Read the following question and choose the response that uses the correct corresponding verb tense.

Does Jack wear that furry hat often?

Answers:

  1. No, he just liked to wear it for fun sometimes.
  2. Yes, but don’t said anything about it to him.
  3. Yes, and it can so annoying!
  4. No, he only wears it when his ears are cold.

26. Complete the following sentence by choosing the phrase with the best word order from the options given.

The excited children, who had run toward the loud _____________ .

Answers:

  1. music and then told the others about the ice cream truck outside
  2. music, are telling to the others about the ice cream truck outside
  3. ice cream truck to tell the others about the music outside
  4. music, told the others about the ice cream truck outside

27. Choose the series of verbs that best completes the following passage.

I find it very hard to remember _________ letters that are entrusted to me. In fact, I remember _________ to do so dozens of times!

Answers:

  1. to mail, forgetting
  2. mailing, to forget
  3. to mail, to forget
  4. mailing, forgetting

28. Choose the series of prepositions that best completes the following sentence.

Charlotte knew ___________ the secret investigation _________ her past, but she closed her eyes to it and pretended it wasn’t happening.

Answers:

  1. of, about
  2. on, of
  3. about, to
  4. of, after

29. Which of the following sentences illustrates correct verb and verb tense usage?

Answers:

  1. Did Annabel knowingly lie on the witness stand?
  2. We think the judge will have noticed something strange in her behavior.
  3. The lawyers had decided to keep her testimony a secret.
  4. Somehow, all of the newspapers gotten hold of the story.

30. Choose the series of adjectives and adverbs that best completes the following sentence.

I think Pamela deserves to be punished for her __________ stupid and __________ behavior.

Answers:

  1. irresponsible, totally
  2. totally, irresponsibility
  3. totally, irresponsible
  4. total, irresponsibly

31. Rearrange the following words to create the most logical and grammatically correct sentence.

with can’t phone . on Whenever always to the time spend I speak I my friend , him

Answers:

  1. Whenever I always phone on my friend to speak, I can’t spend the time with him.
  2. Whenever I spend time on the phone to him, I can’t always speak with my friend.
  3. Whenever I speak to him, I can’t always spend time with my friend on the phone.
  4. Whenever I can’t speak to him on the phone, I always spend time with my friend.
  5. Whenever I can’t spend time with my friend, I always speak to him on the phone.

32. Choose the series of articles and conjunctions that best completes the following sentence.

_______ she was feeling ill, Teresa wanted to eat only _____ apple _____ some soup.

Answers:

  1. Yet, the, or
  2. After, an, and
  3. Because, an, or
  4. If, a, and

33. Choose the series of pronouns that best completes the following sentence.

That house used to be ______ , but ______ have given it to ______.

Answers:

  1. my, I, her
  2. mine, me, her
  3. mine, I, her
  4. myself, she, her

34. Change the following sentence from a quotation to indirect speech.

“It may snow tomorrow,” he said.

Answers:

  1. He said it should snow tomorrow.
  2. He might say it will snow tomorrow.
  3. He says it may snow tomorrow.
  4. He said it might snow the next day.

35. Which of the following sentences illustrates correct usage of articles and conjunctions?

Answers:

  1. The cake that I ate was better that the one you had.
  2. An house is not the home, or so they saying goes.
  3. For my birthday, I would like a book, an hourglass, and the keys to a new boat.
  4. Has a package I’ve been waiting for been delivered yet, nor must I wait longer?

36. Change the following sentence from a quotation to indirect speech.

Rhonda says, “I get to work early every day.”

Answers:

  1. Rhonda says she gets to work early every day.
  2. Rhonda said she gets to work early every day.
  3. Rhonda has said that she got to work early every day.
  4. Rhonda says she had gotten to work early every day.

37. Read the following question and choose the response that uses the correct corresponding verb tense.

Did you see the show last night?

Answers:

  1. No, because by the time I got there all the tickets had already been sold.
  2. Yes, and it was one of the best shows I had ever seen.
  3. Yes, but my seat was behind a pole so I couldn’t barely see anything.
  4. No, but I am hope to see it tonight.

38. Choose the series of adjectives and adverbs that best completes the following sentence.

While __________ of our relatives live on the __________ hill in the county, __________ of our friends live in the __________ __________ areas of the valley.

Answers:

  1. more, windy, many, most, protection
  2. most, windier, more, most, protective
  3. many, windiest, most, more, protected
  4. many, winding, more, most, protected

39. Rearrange the following words to create the most logical and grammatically correct sentence.

last what ! it’s did you night, over After

Answers:

  1. After what night, it’s over you did last!
  2. After what you did last night, it’s over!
  3. over what you did last night, it’s After!
  4. After, it’s over what you did last night!

40. Choose the series of pronouns that best completes the following sentence.

_______ is the name of the opera, and _______ role did you say Maria would play?

Answers:

  1. This, which
  2. Who, that
  3. What, which
  4. Which, what

41. Which of the following sentences does NOT illustrate proper use of articles and conjunctions?

Answers:

  1. I thought about keeping an orangutan as a pet; however, my apartment complex does not allow exotic animals on the premises.
  2. Bertha decided to change a locks of her house after burglars stole a computer or an oil painting.
  3. After thinking about the problem for half an hour, Glen finally came up with a perfect solution.
  4. Arlene loves nature and the outdoors in general, yet she spends most of her time inside because of her job.

42. Choose the series of adjectives and adverbs that best completes the following sentence.

The helium-__________ balloon rose __________ into the air; the villagers knew then that their __________ leader was off on another mission.

Answers:

  1. power, powerful, powered
  2. powered, powered, powerful
  3. powered, powerfully, powerful
  4. powerful, powered, powerfully

43. Rearrange the following words to create the most logical and grammatically correct sentence.

days . for last has good weather few The been the not

Answers:

  1. weather for The last few good has not been the days.
  2. The good days has not been for the last few weather.
  3. The few days has not been good for the last weather.
  4. The weather has not been good for the last few days.

44. Which of the following sentences is punctuated correctly?

Answers:

  1. ‘Come here, she said, and let me get a good look at you.’
  2. Come here she said, and let me get a good look at you.
  3. “Come here,” she said. “and let me get a good look at you.”
  4. “Come here,” she said, “and let me get a good look at you.”

45. Change the following sentence from a quotation to indirect speech.

Carol has said, “I am responsible for this project.”

Answers:

  1. Carol has said that she is responsible for this project.
  2. Carol says she is responsible for this project.
  3. Carol said that she was responsible for this project.
  4. Carol had said that she would be responsible for this project.

46. Choose the phrase that best completes the sentence below without creating a run-on sentence.

Mr. Peach has sent his four children to Ivy League colleges __________ he has sacrificed his health working day and night in that dusty factory.

Answers:

  1. however
  2. ; however,
  3. , however
  4. however,

47. Choose the series of pronouns that best completes the following sentence.

Don’t ________ think Larry should call ________ wife if ________ is going to be late for dinner?

Answers:

  1. you, his, he
  2. we, your, his
  3. he, his, he
  4. you, his, himself

48. Choose the series of adjectives and adverbs that best completes the following sentence.

Knowing that February was the _________ month of the year, Cheryl planned her vacation ___________.

Answers:

  1. short, in accordance
  2. shortest, accordingly
  3. shorter, according
  4. shortness, accordion

49. Choose the series of prepositions that best completes the following sentence.

I placed my notes _______ my desk and referred to them _______ the meeting.

Answers:

  1. at, among
  2. beside, during
  3. with, at
  4. upon, around

50. Which of the following sentences illustrates correct pronoun usage?

Answers:

  1. Is those the set of plates the bride wanted, or did she want this set?
  2. Which of these glasses is half full—that one or this one?
  3. To whom did them give the gold medal?
  4. Whose book is that—his or our?
  5. None of the above

51. Choose the series of prepositions that best completes the following sentence.

Jack, leaning casually ________ the tree, watched as Sally walked slowly ________ him.

Answers:

  1. against, toward
  2. toward, against
  3. upon, past
  4. off, beside

52. Read the following question and choose the response that uses the correct corresponding verb tense.

Will you be going to the company picnic this year?

Answers:

  1. Yes, I will have always gone every year.
  2. No, unfortunately I didn’t have time this year.
  3. Yes, and I plan on swimming, fishing, and eating all day!
  4. I might go if I had known about it sooner.

53. Choose the series of verbs that best completes the following sentence.

Everyone __________ too busy cooking and __________ the campsite __________ the family of bears __________ from the woods.

Answers:

  1. were, setting up, to notice, watch
  2. was, set up, noticing, to watch
  3. is, setting, to notice, watching
  4. was, setting up, to notice, watching

54. Change the following sentence from a quotation to indirect speech.

“I can meet with you at noon,” said Peter.

Answers:

  1. Peter says he can meet with me at noon.
  2. Peter said he will meet with me at noon.
  3. Peter said he could meet with me at noon.
  4. Peter can meet with me at noon, so he said.

55. Choose the phrase that best completes the sentence below without creating a run-on sentence.

It’s never too late to learn how to swim ________________ you may fall off a boat!

Answers:

  1. , you never know when
  2. you never know when
  3. —you never know as
  4. ; you never know when

56. Complete the following sentence by choosing the phrase with the best word order from the options given.

Only after they had completed an exhaustive study __________ how to adapt the technology to the needs of our company.

Answers:

  1. did they understand to begin
  2. did they begin to understand
  3. they did begin to understand
  4. to understand did they begin

57. Choose the series of adjectives and adverbs that best completes the following sentence.

Of the two books, Sam’s is definitely the __________ ; however, even though Sandra’s didn’t turn out as __________ as expected, she still did a __________ job of writing it.

Answers:

  1. better, well, good
  2. best, good, good
  3. better, good, better
  4. best, well, well

58. Change the following sentence from a quotation to indirect speech.

“I will be moving soon,” said Alma.

Answers:

  1. Alma said she would be moving soon.
  2. Alma said she will move soon.
  3. Alma says she’ll be moving soon.
  4. Alma says she would move soon.

59. Choose the series of adjectives and adverbs that best completes the following sentence.

The archaeologists were ________ to discover such a __________ and __________ _________ artifact at that mostly uncovered site.

Answers:

  1. amazing, rarely, incredible, beautifully
  2. amazed, rare, incredibly, beautiful
  3. beautiful, rarity, amazingly, incredible
  4. amazingly, beautiful, rarely, incredible

60. Read the original sentence below and then choose the rewritten sentence that illustrates proper sentence structure.

ORIGINAL SENTENCE:
It is easy to carry solid objects, but the same cannot be said of liquids.

REWRITTEN SENTENCES:

Answers:

  1. Unlike liquids, solid objects are easy to carry.
  2. Unlike liquids, we can easily carry solid objects.
  3. Unlike liquids; solid objects can easily be carried.
  4. Unlike liquids, solid objects easy to be carried.

61. Complete the following sentence by choosing the phrase with the best word order from the options given.

Those who are not wise ____________ .

Answers:

  1. do not need be necessarily stupid
  2. need not necessarily be stupid
  3. need not to be necessarily stupid
  4. does not need to be necessarily stupid

62. Change the following sentence from a quotation to indirect speech.

Jerry said, “I saw my cousin at the fair.”

Answers:

  1. Jerry had said he’d seen his cousin at the fair.
  2. Jerry said he had seen his cousin at the fair.
  3. Jerry said he’d saw his cousin at the fair.
  4. Jerry says he saw his cousin at the fair.

63. Choose the series of adjectives and adverbs that best completes the following sentence.

The _______ , _______ odor was ________ coming from the chemistry lab up the street.

Answers:

  1. pungent, nastily, clearness
  2. pungently, nastily, clearly
  3. pungently, nasty, clear
  4. nasty, pungent, clearly

64. Choose the series of verbs that best completes the following sentence.

If Harry __________ to the party too early, don’t let him in; he __________ outside like everyone else.

Answers:

  1. gets, will have to wait
  2. got, waits
  3. gets, is waiting
  4. has gotten, must be waiting

65. Choose the series of prepositions that best completes the following sentence.

Whiskey, my pet squirrel, jumped ________ my head and ________ the windowsill.

Answers:

  1. over, onto
  2. through, into
  3. from, under
  4. into, onto

66. Rearrange the following words to create the most logical and grammatically correct sentence.

sleeping likes the . midday Katie until on weekends

Answers:

  1. sleeping Katie likes until midday on the weekends.
  2. Katie likes sleeping until weekends on the midday.
  3. Katie likes on sleeping until the midday weekends.
  4. Katie likes sleeping on midday until the weekends.
  5. Katie likes sleeping until midday on the weekends.

67. Choose the series of adjectives and adverbs that best completes the following sentence.

We were surprised when the ________ parade ________ turned into a ________ party!

Answers:

  1. dull, suddenly, wild
  2. duller, all of a sudden, wilder
  3. dullest, suddenly, wildest
  4. dull, sudden, wild

68. Choose the option that correctly changes the original sentence from active voice to passive voice.

ORIGINAL SENTENCE:
That tall man is carrying a lot of lumber.

REWRITTEN SENTENCES:

Answers:

  1. The tall man carries a lot of lumber.
  2. Is being carried by that tall man, the lumber.
  3. The lumber is carried by the tall man.
  4. A lot of lumber is being carried by that tall man.

69. Rearrange the following words to create the most logical and grammatically correct sentence.

would I have it anything if had . I you known said would not bother

Answers:

  1. Would I have not said anything if you had known it would bother I?
  2. I would not have said anything if I had known it would bother you.
  3. Had I known if it would bother you I would not have said anything.
  4. If I had known it would not bother you I would have said anything.

70. Change the following sentence from a quotation to indirect speech.

“Sharon must go to the bank today,” said Albert.

Answers:

  1. Albert says Sharon will have to go to the bank today.
  2. Albert said Sharon has to go to the bank today.
  3. Albert says Sharon must go to the bank today.
  4. Albert said Sharon had to go to the bank that day.

71. Choose the series of articles and conjunctions that best completes the following sentence.

Lilacs ______ violets are usually purple, ______ I have seen some ______ are white.

Answers:

  1. and, however, that
  2. or, yet, which
  3. and, although, that
  4. or, but, and

72. Choose the series of articles and conjunctions that best completes the following sentence.

Julia, who is studying to be _______foreign correspondent, is currently doing _______ internship in _______ Middle East _______ will return before the end of _______ year.

Answers:

  1. (no article required), an, the, but, the
  2. the, a, the, however, a
  3. a, an, (no article required), yet, a
  4. a, an, the, but, the

73. Rearrange the following words to create the most logical and grammatically correct sentence.

your company name ? of What the is

Answers:

  1. What is the company of your name?
  2. your company What is the name of?
  3. What is the name of your company?
  4. The name of your company What is?

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Upwork English Language

U.S. English AP Style Editing Skills Test (For Writing Professionals) 2016

Published by:

1. Which of the following sentences does NOT require editing to correct errors in word choice, word usage or spelling?

Answers:

  1. He told jokes for half an hour before finally homing in on the point of his lecture.
  2. The mayor really hit the nail on the head with his idea – it’s the idyllic solution.
  3. The court’s decision impelled the disgraced politician to hand over all his correspondence.
  4. Please ask the secretary to disperse some money from petty cash for the luncheon.

2. Which of the following sentences contains an error in grammar or usage?

Answers:

  1. Twenty top hats, 12 of which are covered in sequins, have been donated to the theater.
  2. Rhonda, who desperately needs a new car, has started skiing to work.
  3. Please compile a list of all the animals that are currently housed in the shelter.
  4. Robert is one of those people that can’t be depended upon to keep his word.

3. Choose the editing option that best corrects the underlined part of the following sentence.

If all goes according to plan, three years from now Agatha will win the election, help pass the bills closest to her heart and learn how to juggle a hectic career and family.

Answers:

  1. wins the election, helps pass the bills closest to her heart and learns how to juggle
  2. has won the election and helped pass the bills closest to her heart, and had already learned how to juggle
  3. will win the election and help pass the bills closest to her heart, and she will learn how to juggle
  4. will have won the election, helped pass the bills closest to her heart and learned how to juggle

4. Read the following sentence and identify the type of verb or tense error it contains.

If we decided to move venues, our production process would not be likely to suffer much as long as a system of checks keeps production tasks on schedule.

Answers:

  1. Subject-verb agreement error
  2. Modal verb error
  3. Incorrect use of past participles
  4. Unnecessary verb tense shift

5. Which of the following sentences does NOT require editing to correct a comparison error?

Answers:

  1. Ann thinks her sister’s peach pies are better than the bakery.
  2. Did I ever tell you that you complain more than anyone I know?
  3. We specialize in producing Belgian chocolates that contain 50% less fat.
  4. The symptoms of typhoid quite often resemble those of fever.

6. Read the following passage and select the line that contains an error in verb tense consistency.

Answers:

  1. Her photo has been on that piano for more than 20 years. I don’t have the courage
  2. to remove it because it had always been there — has always belonged there. And who
  3. knows? Perhaps it will still be there 20 years from now after I am long gone.
  4. No error

7. Identify the type of error contained in the following sentence.

Because I have an extreme allergy to nuts, I only ate the cake and not the pecan pie.

Answers:

  1. Dangling modifier
  2. Diction or wrong word choice
  3. Misplaced modifier
  4. Comparison

8. Choose the editing option that best corrects the underlined part of the following sentence.

The board of directors said that the company could move forward with the new plan without first seeking the approving of the foreign investors.

Answers:

  1. without first seeking the assent of the foreign investors
  2. without first seeking approval from the foreign investors
  3. without first seeking the approbation of the foreign investors
  4. whether or not they received the approving from the foreign investors

9. The following sentence is devoid of punctuation. Which of the given editing options turns it into a coherent, plausible sentence?

At last I met Dr. Sneeth the evil scientist who had caused such trouble for the city

Answers:

  1. At last I met the evil scientist Dr. Sneeth, who had caused such trouble for the city.
  2. At last I met Dr. Sneeth, the evil scientist who had caused such trouble for the city.
  3. At last I met Dr. Sneeth, the evil scientist, who had caused such trouble for the city.
  4. I met Dr. Sneeth — at last! — the evil scientist who had caused such trouble for the city.
  5. All of the above are acceptable; the final choice would depend on the author’s intention.

10. Read the following passage and select the option that illustrates the best course of action for an editor to take.

1)Knowing she had no right for privacy as long
2)as she stayed in the convent, Marta hid her forbidden
3)diary in the secret compartment she’d discovered
4)besides the confessional in the chapel.

Answers:

  1. Edit lines (1) and (4) for preposition usage.
  2. Edit lines (2) and (3) for pronoun usage.
  3. Edit line (3) for verb tense.
  4. This passage does not need editing.

11. Read the following sentence and identify the grammar or usage error it contains.

The forthcoming community celebration in Nashville has many surprises in store for whomever arrives before 9 a.m. and finds one of the 15 golden tickets hidden in the haystack.

Answers:

  1. The time should be formatted as “9:00 a.m.”
  2. The verb “has” should be changed to “will have had.”
  3. The correlative pronoun “whomever” should be “whoever.”
  4. There should be a comma after “tickets.”

12. Read the following sentence and identify the style error it contains.

The flu shots were given to over a hundred people by the nursing staff in just six hours.

Answers:

  1. The word “six” should not be spelled out.
  2. The sentence is in passive voice and should be recast into active voice.
  3. The figure “hundred” should be written as “100”.
  4. The phrase “flu shots” should be changed to “shots for influenza.”

13. Choose the series of verb forms that best completes the following passage.

A doctor at the Metropolitan Clinic in Chicago claims that if women ________ and ________, their children _________ less likely to develop lung diseases.

Answers:

  1. gave up smoking / ate a healthy diet / would be
  2. give up smoking / ate a healthy diet / will be
  3. give up smoking / eat a healthy diet / are

14. Read the following passage and identify the line that contains an error in agreement or parallel structure:

That boat has cost us a fortune so far: more than $25,000 to repair the hull after the hurricane; $10,000 upgrading the interior; and $5,000 to keep it docked for the summer. What do you say we get rid of it and buy a beach cottage?

Answers:

  1. That boat has cost us a fortune so far: more than $25,000 to repair the hull
  2. after the hurricane; $10,000 upgrading the interior; and $5,000 to keep it docked
  3. for the summer. What do you say we get rid of it and buy a beach cottage?
  4. No error

15. Which of the following sentences requires editing to correct an error in parallel structure?

Answers:

  1. We applauded him not only for admitting his serious offenses and helping the police, but also for expressing his sincere regret for the pain he had caused.
  2. The merger led to restructuring the internal systems, redefining the roles of each department and realigning the company’s goals with those of its parent company.
  3. According to a recent survey, the average French woman speaks two languages, marries and divorces twice in her lifetime and drinks 17 gallons of wine a year.
  4. “This is a time not for words, but action!” roared the candidate.

16. Which of the following sentences requires editing to correct grammar or usage errors?

Answers:

  1. I have hundreds of books. Would you please bring me the book that is on the table?
  2. Harry’s only dog, Snookie, left one bright morning and never came back.
  3. Our new lawn ornament, which arrived this morning, is just as tacky as the garden gnomes.
  4. He took his daughter Sarah to school and his daughter Margie to work.
  5. All of the sentences are correct.

17. Read the following passage and select the option that illustrates the best course of action for an editor to take.

I was shocked to learn of our congressman’s arrest. Correct me if I’m wrong, but didn’t he run on a platform of “family values?”

Answers:

  1. Place the question mark in the second sentence outside the quotation marks.
  2. Put the apostrophe in “congressman’s” after the final “s.”
  3. Delete the comma in the second sentence.
  4. This passage is correct; the editor should take no action.

18. Which of the following sentences does NOT require editing to correct the unnecessary use of passive voice?

Answers:

  1. The Nobel Peace Prize was received joyously by the president.
  2. His supporters were so pleased, they began a party in the square that raged all night.
  3. The spectacle was watched by the town’s entire population.
  4. When dawn broke, handcuffs were put on several revelers by the police.

19. Which of the following sentences does NOT require editing to correct a modifier usage error?

Answers:

  1. Claire accidentally dropped the crate on Chad’s foot with her barbells in it.
  2. Swinging wildly through the trees, the spectators were delighted by the monkeys.
  3. Petra wanted only one raspberry parfait, but Pedro insisted on giving her three.
  4. I heard that my coworkers planned to throw a birthday party for me while I was standing outside the door.

20. Read the following sentence and select the option that illustrates the best course of action for an editor to take.

A recent study by a team of sociologists at Johns Hopkins University confirmed that the average female moviegoer expects to see at least three romantic scenes per film, and that they are seldom disappointed.

Answers:

  1. Change all verbs to the present tense.
  2. Edit the name of the university for missing apostrophes.
  3. Edit “and that they are seldom disappointed” to correct error in pronoun-antecedent agreement.
  4. This sentence is correct; the editor should take no action.

21. Which of the following sentences does NOT require editing to correct errors in punctuation?

Answers:

  1. Oliver, Doris’s younger brother, asked me, “Would you come with me”? I nodded my head; however, I didn’t want to go with him.
  2. Oliver, Doris’ younger brother, asked me, “Would you come with me?” I nodded my head, however; I didn’t want to go with him.
  3. Oliver, Doris’s younger brother, asked me, “Would you come with me?” I nodded my head, however, I didn’t want to go with him.
  4. Oliver, Doris’ younger brother, asked me, “Would you come with me?” I nodded my head; however, I didn’t want to go with him.

22. Read the following sentence and choose the option that shows the part of the sentence that should be edited to eliminate redundancy.

Participants were informed that the rally scheduled for 9 a.m. in the morning had been canceled.

Answers:

  1. Participants were informed
  2. that the rally scheduled
  3. for 9 a.m. in the morning
  4. had been canceled
  5. No correction required

23. Read the following sentence and choose the option that shows the part of the sentence that should be edited to eliminate redundancy.

Reps. Smith and Brown urged fellow legislators to address the need for money for school funding.

Answers:

  1. Reps. Smith and Brown urged
  2. fellow legislators to address
  3. the need for money for school funding.
  4. No correction required

24. Which of the following sentences does NOT require editing to correct errors in word choice, word usage or spelling?

Answers:

  1. Lie the gun on the table and take three steps back.
  2. The reason the witness was late is because his lawyer gave him the wrong room number.
  3. Angela was pleased to discover that profit-sharing was part of her compensation package.
  4. Union troops ravished Atlanta, leaving nothing but burning embers in their wake.

25. Choose the series of verb forms that best completes the following passage.

If any club member _____________ suggest that he was not against opening membership to women but only against allowing them early tee times, he ____________ shouted out of the room.

Answers:

  1. had dared to / will be
  2. dares to / is being
  3. dared / would be
  4. would have dared / would have been

26. Read the following passage and select the option that illustrates the best course of action for an editor to take.
The news of the avalanche shocked the citizens of our little town. Fortunately, however, Sven was the only one of the skiers who were injured in the incident.

Answers:

  1. Correct the spelling error in the first sentence.
  2. Delete the comma after “Fortunately.”
  3. Delete “Sven was” and insert “was Sven” after “incident.”
  4. Change “were” to “was” in the second sentence to correct an error in subject-verb agreement.

27. Which of the following sentences requires editing to correct errors in verb tense?

Answers:

  1. Had they asked you sooner, would you have joined them on the campaign trail?
  2. You never would have believed them if they had asked you to join them on their travels along the campaign trail.
  3. I don’t think you could have resisted the temptation if they had asked you to join them on the campaign trail.
  4. If they had forced you to go with them on the campaign trail, do you think you would have fun?
  5. When they asked you to join them on the campaign trail, did you hesitate or accept the invitation right away?

28. Read the following sentence and identify the style error it contains.

Many people in the United States are awaiting the report from the U.N. inspectors.

Answers:

  1. “United States” should be abbreviated.
  2. “U.N.” should be spelled out.
  3. “awaiting” should be “waiting for.”
  4. There are no style errors in the sentence.

29. Choose the editing option that best corrects the underlined part of the following sentence.

After an entire day of experimenting with new medications, the patient was sorry to report that her migraine was as bad today as yesterday.

Answers:

  1. was as bad today just as it was yesterday
  2. was as bad today as it was yesterday
  3. was worse today than it had been yesterday
  4. is as bad today as yesterday
  5. This sentence is correct; the editor should take no action.

30. Read the following sentence and identify the style error it contains.

As part of the new incentive program instituted in the second quarter, each sales employee was asked to forecast his own contribution to each period’s total profit and, based on that amount, to assign himself a year-end bonus.

Answers:

  1. The word “amount” should be “number.”
  2. The ordinal “second” should be written as “2nd.”
  3. The passage’s use of pronouns assumes maleness when both sexes may be involved.

31. Which of the following sentences contains an error in grammar or usage?

Answers:

  1. Had I known about the prize, I might have bought a raffle ticket.
  2. Perhaps you should of thought of the consequences before picking a fight with that bully.
  3. Congressional leaders and White House staff plan to discuss a compromise.
  4. If I were you, I’d think twice about joining those protesters.

32. The moment had arrived for the intern to begin his first solo operation and he couldn’t barely contain his excitement. Having been anesthetized, the new surgeon made his first incision into the patient.

Answers:

  1. Edit the first sentence to correct the double negative.
  2. Delete the comma after “anesthetized” in the second sentence.
  3. Insert a comma after “operation” in the first sentence.
  4. Recast the last sentence to correct the dangling modifier.
  5. c and d
  6. a and d

33. Which of the following sentences requires editing to correct grammar or usage errors?

Answers:

  1. Who are they speaking about so glowingly?
  2. The position will be given to whomever the commissioner deems worthy.
  3. Whoever baked these cookies deserves a medal.
  4. Who do you think will actually arrive by 6 a.m.?

34. Which of the following sentences does NOT require editing to correct grammar or usage errors?

Answers:

  1. By the end of the week, each of the employees had voiced their opinion on the change.
  2. I knew it was Bob that let his car alarm blare all night.
  3. After the accident, Justine has been unable to resume her teaching again.
  4. It will require careful planning to create systems of protection against future hurricanes.

35. Read the following sentence and select the option that illustrates the best course of action for an editor to take.

Happiness has always and will always be an elusive element in my life.

Answers:

  1. Set off the phrase “and will always” with commas.
  2. Change “has always” to “has always been” to correct the parallel structure of the first clause.
  3. Enclose “Happiness” in quotation marks to show its status as a concept.
  4. Change “elusive” to “illusive” to correct diction error.

36. Choose the series of adjectives that best completes the following sentence.

We have no doubt that the senator’s meeting of “goodwill” with our arch rival will be accompanied by _________ clandestine deal for lucrative building contracts and ________ talk of future collaborations.

Answers:

  1. some / secret
  2. any / secretive
  3. every / secreted
  4. each / secret

37. Which of the following sentences does NOT require editing to correct errors in word choice, word usage or spelling?

Answers:

  1. We racked our brains to come up with a solution to the problem.
  2. For all intensive purposes the case is closed.
  3. The mysterious letter inferred that my wife was having an affair with the butler.
  4. The police chief kept his eye on the growing amount of protesters outside the mayor’s office.
  5. The room could barely acommodate the throng of happy revelers.

38. Read the following passage and identify the punctuation error it contains.

I asked Jamie if she had read Zinn’s A People’s History of the United States.
“Yes,” she replied, “and I must say it’s the most eye-opening history book I’ve read in some time.”

Answers:

  1. There should be a period after “replied,” and the following “and” should be capitalized.
  2. The apostrophe in “People’s” should be eliminated.
  3. The book title should be written in italics.
  4. The period in the second sentence should go outside the quotations marks.

39. Read the following passage and select the option that illustrates the best course of action for an editor to take.

1)So the guy breaks into our house, steals our stuff and
2)then slips on the ice in the driveway on his way out,
3)breaking his ankles. And guess what? He hit us with a
4)personal injury suite. Isn’t that the most ridiculous
5)tragedy of justice you ever heard of?

Answers:

  1. Edit lines (1) and (2) for comma usage errors.
  2. Edit line (4) for spelling error.
  3. Edit line (5) for word choice error.
  4. b and c

40. Read the following passage and select the option that illustrates the best course of action for an editor to take.

1)Why, Helen wondered, did I ever show my face in Troy?
2)There’s been nothing but infighting, death and destruction
3)— not to mention the cost of launching those thousand
4)ships. My choice is clear: I’m moving to Cleveland.

Answers:

  1. Edit lines (1) and (2) for overuse of commas.
  2. Edit line (2) for spelling.
  3. Edit line (3) for use of em dash.
  4. Edit line (4) for capitalization and use of colon.
  5. This passage is correct; the editor should take no action.

41. Choose the series of verb forms that best completes the following passage.

Our voyage would have been a different and much duller experience _________ for the family of dolphins that _________ the ship from Mallorca to Malta.

Answers:

  1. would it not have been / followed
  2. if it wasn’t / had followed
  3. had it not been / followed
  4. except / were following

42. Which of the following sentences requires editing to correct an error in modifier usage?

Answers:

  1. Mr. Hoffman or his assistants are ready to help you with the new editing software.
  2. Every salesperson, according to the latest report, has underperformed this quarter.
  3. Living on the first floor, many strange objects rain down from the eighty-two floors above.
  4. The truck closely followed the car, which was towing a boat.

43. Read the following sentence and identify the type of grammar or usage error it contains.

The differences in the two committees had finally reached an insurmountable level; each wanted to delve in the problem more deeply, but neither wanted to cooperate among the other.

Answers:

  1. Errors in pronoun usage and agreement
  2. Incorrect placement of adjectives and adverbs
  3. Incorrect use of coordinating and subordinating conjunctions
  4. Errors in preposition usage

44. The following sentence is devoid of punctuation. Which of the given editing options turns it into a coherent, plausible sentence?

The question is Mr. Wellington said Arthur whether you intend to pay your creditors

Answers:

  1. Arthur said, “The question is Mr. Wellington, whether you intend to pay your creditors.”
  2. “The question is, Mr. Wellington,” said Arthur, “whether you intend to pay your creditors.”
  3. “Mr. Wellington,” said Arthur: “The question is whether you intend to pay your creditors.”
  4. “The question, Mr. Wellington, is whether you intend to pay your creditors,” said Arthur.
  5. b and d

45. Read the following sentence and identify the type of error it contains.

Although the critic did not like so-called chick flicks, she had to admit that “The Devil Wears Prada” was far away the best film of the genre she’d seen.

Answers:

  1. Illogical comparison
  2. Incorrect idiom usage
  3. Incorrect use of quotation marks
  4. Verb tense shift

46. Read the following passage and identify the style error it contains.

Of the two control groups, a significant number of those in Group A scored 74%, which was higher than the median score of 66% of those in group B. Both groups had similar standard deviations of 8.3% and 7.9%, respectively.

Answers:

  1. All “%” signs should be spelled out as “percent.”
  2. The passage contains an inconsistency in capitalization.
  3. Statistics should be placed in a table.
  4. a and b
  5. a and c

47. Read the following sentence and choose the option that shows the part of the sentence that should be edited to eliminate redundancy.

The board said it would postpone its decision about appointing a superintendent until later.

Answers:

  1. The board said
  2. it would postpone its decision
  3. about appointing a superintendent
  4. until later.
  5. No correction required

48. Which of the following sentences does NOT require editing to correct an error in subject-verb agreement?

Answers:

  1. He drank a fifth of whiskey after two-fifths of his vineyard was destroyed in the flood.
  2. The study on drug abuse showed that the number of teenage victims are increasing every year.
  3. Neither of my brothers, who are more artistic by nature, are particularly interested in sports.
  4. The assistants, but not the manager, has decided not to come in over the weekend.

49. Read the following passage and select the option that illustrates the best course of action for an editor to take.

Outsourcing our accounting and collections tasks has really laid credence to our company. Our customers now perceive us to be bigger than we are and are certainly put hard to ignore their outstanding invoices.

Answers:

  1. Edit the first sentence to correct the error in word choice.
  2. Edit the second sentence to correct the idiomatic error.
  3. Recast the second sentence for parallel structure.
  4. a and b
  5. a and c

50. Which of the following sentences contains an error in grammar or word usage?

Answers:

  1. The media are apparently united in their efforts to slander the candidate.
  2. We were inundated with memoranda from the managing director.
  3. Petra, an alumna of Harvard, engaged in some good-natured rivalry with her brothers, alumni of Yale.
  4. The department chair spent three weeks sifting through the various curricula submitted by the faculty members.

51. Choose the series of verb forms that best completes the following passage.

If Sen. Hannibal ________ control his anger just a touch more, he ________ find that people react to him more positively.

Answers:

  1. can learn to / ought to
  2. could learn to / would
  3. learned to / should
  4. can learn to / shall

52. Read the following sentence and identify the style error it contains.

253 students attended the rally on Nov. 23. Of those present, 56 percent belonged to the freshman class, 12 percent to the sophomore class and two percent to the junior class.

Answers:

  1. The number “253” should be spelled out because it is at the beginning of the sentence.
  2. The month “Nov.” should be spelled out instead of abbreviated.
  3. The words “freshman,” “sophomore” and “junior” should be capitalized.
  4. The phrase “two percent” should be written “2 percent.”
  5. a and c
  6. a and d

53. Read the following passage (options) and select the line that contains an error in grammar or usage.

Answers:

  1. We expect only three things from our camp
  2. counselors: Loyalty, enthusiasm and the desire to help
  3. people in need. If those simple things are not in your repertoire,
  4. please don’t apply to our program.

54. Read the following passage and select the line that contains a grammar or usage error.

Answers:

  1. Whether Steve is aware of it or not,
  2. today is the anniversary of us packing up the
  3. house and hightailing it to Canada. If I were
  4. you, I wouldn’t remind him of it.

55. Choose the series of words or phrases that best completes the following sentence.

________ agreed that ________ of our precautions would be useless once the temperature dropped to _________.

Answers:

  1. Every one / everyone / -30°
  2. Everyone / every one / minus 30°
  3. Everyone / everyone / minus 30°
  4. Everyone / every one / -30°

56. Choose the editing option that best corrects the underlined part of the following sentence.

It’s easy to see that the coach has still not decided whether to contest the final score, despite brooding over it for quite some time.

Answers:

  1. despite he brooded over it for quite some time
  2. despite having brooded over it for quite some time
  3. despite that he had been brooding over it for quite some time
  4. despite that he broods over it all the time

57. Read the following passage and identify the punctuation error it contains.

Delilah’s 20-page tale of derring do delighted the dignitaries who stamped their feet in approval. Reading from a dais draped in crepe, she felt like a modern day Scheherazade.

Answers:

  1. The phrases “derring do” and “modern day” should be hyphenated.
  2. A comma must be inserted after “dignitaries.”
  3. The phrase “20-page” should not be hyphenated.
  4. Delete the comma after “crepe.”
  5. a and d
  6. a and b

58. Choose the series of words or phrases that best completes the following passage.

Through the complete failure of all our _________ events, we have learned that _______ is extremely difficult. Perhaps we should consider hiring a professional _________ to help us.

Answers:

  1. fund raising / fundraising / fund raiser
  2. fund-raising / fund raising / fund-raiser
  3. fundraising / fundraising / fundraiser
  4. fund raising / fund-raising / fund-raiser

59. All but one of the following sentences require editing to correct passive voice, wordiness or redundancy. Consider the underlined phrases, and then select the sentence that does NOT require editing.

Answers:

  1. Although we were sure that danger lurked around every corner, in actual fact, the danger was all in our heads.
  2. We couldn’t understand the surprise that was felt by everyone when our candidate won the election.
  3. We heard that Rep. Nordstrom has more than $1 million available in cash, yet he won’t give his children a dollar even when they beg for it.
  4. Amanda, who just received her master of arts degree, hasn’t started interviewing as of yet.

60. Which of the following sentences requires editing to correct errors in punctuation?

Answers:

  1. You’ve been my best friend for years; however, seeing as you cannot afford to lend me any more money, I think it’s time to end our relationship.
  2. As I listened to the scraping of the shovel on the asphalt, I was reminded of my cousin Bob’s and my father’s singing voices.
  3. The two faced each other in silence, each one thinking the other a two-faced coward.
  4. I just adore this carnivorous plant, which by the way was a gift from your mother.

61. Read the following passage and select the option that illustrates the best course of action for an editor to take.

1)Even though Alison spends a lot of time complaining,
2)bemoaning her fate and wishing that her circumstances
3)are not quite so reduced, we are pretty sure that she is
4)grateful for everything she has.

Answers:

  1. Edit lines (1) and (4) for pronoun-antecedent agreement.
  2. Edit line (2) for verb tense consistency.
  3. Edit lines (1) and (3) to correct errors in diction and idiomatic expressions.
  4. Edit line (3) to correct error in present tense vs. past subjunctive mood.

62. Choose the editing option that best corrects the underlined part of the following sentence.

To maintain a healthy body and mind, one must exercise, eat fruits and vegetables and refrain from cigarettes and drinking alcohol.

Answers:

  1. refrain from smoking cigarettes and drinks.
  2. refrain from smoking and drinking alcohol.
  3. refrain from smoking cigarettes and drinking alcohol.
  4. refrain from cigarettes and drinking.
  5. This sentence is correct; the editor should take no action.

63. Read the following sentence and identify the style error it contains.

We went out to buy milk but came home with copies of Jane Austen’s “Sense and Sensibility,” a DVD of “Charlie and the Chocolate Factory,” The New York Times and the Bible.

Answers:

  1. “Bible” should be in quotation marks.
  2. The titles of the novel and the movie should be in italics instead of quotation marks.
  3. The name of the newspaper should not be underlined.
  4. There are no style errors in the sentence.

64. Read the following passage and select the option that illustrates the best course of action for an editor to take.

1)Greta, who is completely enamored of her new
2)designer handbag, is even more enamored of the
3)envious glances she receives from her pals.
4)Made of buttery leather, Greta’s fashionista friend just
5)had to run out and get one of her own.

Answers:

  1. Edit lines (1) and (2) for diction.
  2. Edit lines (2) and (3) for adjective usage.
  3. Edit line (4) for dangling modifier.
  4. Edit line (5) for phrasal verb usage.
  5. This passage does not need editing.

65. Read the following sentence and identify the type of verb or tense error contained in the underlined portion.

Local citizens protested the controversial evangelist’s tour and threatened to riot outside any venue that dared to host his event.

Answers:

  1. Subject-verb agreement error
  2. Incorrect use of past participles
  3. Unnecessary verb tense shift
  4. This sentence is correct.

66. Read the following passage and identify the type of grammar or usage error it contains.

The baby giraffe just loved to play with the 10 puma cubs. Their games came inevitably — and painfully — to an end, however, after the first six times the giraffe smashed its face against the low tree limbs under which the little pumas lithely slipped.

Answers:

  1. Comma splice
  2. Pronoun reference
  3. Inconsistent number usage
  4. Parallelism
  5. No error

67. Which of the following sentences requires editing to correct an error in subject-verb agreement?

Answers:

  1. Every one of the scouts is responsible for his own camping equipment and should come prepared for a strenuous hike.
  2. The walls of the old villa have been newly plastered with white stucco, which rob them of their charm.
  3. Not only the horses but also the goat has been rounded up and locked in the barn.
  4. The receptionists and clerks each hope for a substantial bonus this year.

68. Which of the following sentences does NOT require editing to correct voice, wordiness or redundancy?

Answers:

  1. The focus of the meeting centered around the issue of the adult video store, which had been built in close proximity to an elementary school.
  2. At the time that Ronald wrote his dissertation, he had no idea that he would one day become a world-renowned psychologist.
  3. The expense of upgrading our software every year has adversely affected our bottom line.
  4. Because the factory fire started due to negligence, the company that was responsible had to pay a substantial fine.

69. Which of the following sentences requires editing to correct an error in pronoun-antecedent agreement?

Answers:

  1. Each of the volunteers contributes a good deal to the cause in his or her own way.
  2. A number of ants are marching into their anthill outside the kitchen door.
  3. Somebody left their marbles on the bench; shall we find out whose they are?
  4. Although its members may have disagreed among themselves, the jury eventually handed its unanimous verdict to the judge.<>/span>

70. Choose the editing option that best corrects the underlined part of the following sentence.

According to the chief of surgery, the risk of death from this medical procedure is about the same from an airplane crash or from a nuclear reactor meltdown.

Answers:

  1. the same as an airplane crash or
  2. the same as from an airplane crash as well as that from
  3. the same as from an airplane crash or
  4. This sentence is correct; the editor should take no action.

71. Which course of action would an editor need to take to correct the modifier/comparison error in the following passage?

“Your brother has been behaving strangely lately,” Theo remarked. “I mean, I know he’s never been the sharpest marble in the drawer, but I think he’s really lost it now.”

Answers:

  1. Delete “I mean” to eliminate wordiness.
  2. Keep quoted speech together by moving “Theo remarked” to the end of the passage.
  3. Edit the second sentence to correct the mixed metaphors.
  4. Change “strangely” to “strange.”

72. Read the following passage and select the option that illustrates the best course of action for an editor to take.

1)Regina Glass, who was one of the wealthiest women
2)in the city in the 1940s, died at the age of 89 in a dingy
3)Chicago hotel suite where she had lived with 3 cats and five
4)parrots for more than twenty years. Her fall from grace was attributed to
5)her husband Larry Glass’ shady dealings in the early 1970s.

Answers:

  1. Edit line (1) for passive voice.
  2. Edit lines (2) and (5) for apostrophe usage.
  3. Edit lines (3) and (4) for number style.
  4. This passage is correct; the editor should take no action.

73. Which of the following sentences does NOT contain a grammar or usage error?

Answers:

  1. Please give Amy or myself your phone number and we’ll contact you soon.
  2. Do all the players plan on wearing their uniform to the cocktail party?
  3. For you and I to move forward, we’ll need to put our differences behind us.
  4. The kids put their heads together and came up with this wonderful little play.

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Upwork English Language

Technical Writing Skills Certification 2016

Published by:

1. A technical report should contain the following:

Answers:

  1. Headings
  2. Biodata of the writer
  3. Factual information
  4. Graphics, wherever possible
  5. Non-technical content
  6. Fuzzy logic

2. An “Executive Summary” can be part of a:

Answers:

  1. Business Proposal
  2. Control Plan
  3. Investment Plan
  4. Business Plan

3. Which of the following are the characteristic features of “Plain English?”

Answers:

  1. Keeping sentences short
  2. Using active voice
  3. Using words that are appropriate for the reader
  4. Using passive voice

4. Which of the following is true regarding the “Table of Contents?”

Answers:

  1. It is the same as an index.
  2. It is a method of accessing the information contained in a document.
  3. It is a list of topics with links to each topic.
  4. It can be omitted in a technical document.

5. What should you do to avoid plagiarism?

Answers:

  1. Just make sure to copy from obscure sources.
  2. Cite sources when using copyrighted material.
  3. Obtain permission before using copyrighted material.
  4. Use only Government sources.
  5. None of the above

6. Which of the following are Help Authoring Software?

Answers:

  1. Microsoft HTML Help
  2. RoboHelp HTML
  3. Made-to-Help
  4. HTML Help

7. If you want to write a technical report on how type-1 diabetes is treated, you will probably include:

Answers:

  1. What causes type-1 diabetes
  2. Effects of the disease on the offspring of the affected
  3. How the disease is treated
  4. The kind of technologies available to treat the disease

8. Which of the following works are not protected?

Answers:

  1. Literary works
  2. Standard calendars
  3. Height and weight charts
  4. Motion pictures

9. Which of the following can you include in a Progress Report?

Answers:

  1. What work remains to be done
  2. How much time it will take to complete the work
  3. How the previous project was progressing
  4. The success level of previously undertaken projects

10. Which of the following statements are true if the cell B1 contains the formula =$A$1?

Answers:

  1. The value of cell B1 contains the same number of characters as the value of cell B2.
  2. There is an absolute reference to cell A1 so that the formula =$A$1 can be copied to other cells without changing the reference to A1.
  3. There is a relative reference to cell A1 so the formula will change each time it is copied to other cells.
  4. The value of cell B1 is equal to the value of the function in cell A1.

11. Which are the two types of specification documentations?

Answers:

  1. Design
  2. Technological
  3. Functional
  4. Logistical

12. Which of the following sentences/options describes an “index?”

Answers:

  1. Product names and technical terminology that are included in a document
  2. A method of accessing the information that is included in the document
  3. An ordered list of words and phrases

13. Choose the correct option(s) to make a semantically correct sentence.
A pronoun is a word which ____________

Answers:

  1. should not replace a noun or a noun phrase.
  2. can substitute for a noun or a noun phrase.
  3. can be substituted for a noun or a noun phrase.
  4. can replace a noun or a noun phrase.

14. What are screen shots?

Answers:

  1. Graphics of computer screens that are captured to be inserted in a technical document
  2. Pictures that are downloaded from the Internet and inserted in a document, for instance, to help illustrate the instruction manual
  3. Graphics that are created by a designer as an illustrated step-by-step manual
  4. All of the above

15. State whether true or false:

A person’s work is only recognized as original if it has a copyright notice attached.

Answers:

  1. True
  2. False

16. The name for a set of fonts is termed:

Answers:

  1. Typeface
  2. Typefront
  3. Keyword face
  4. Typefont face

17. Choose the correct option among the following:

You have opened a page through Internet Explorer and want to see that page on your desktop. You should click the __________ menu, click on _________ and then click _________.

Answers:

  1. Send, File, Shortcut to Desktop
  2. File, Send, Shortcut to Desktop
  3. File, New, Shortcut to Desktop
  4. View, Send, Shortcut to Desktop

18. What are sections used for in a Word document?

Answers:

  1. To divide the document into parts so that each part may be independently printed when the print command is given
  2. To divide the document into parts so as to allow certain parts of the document to display data from a table
  3. To divide the document into parts so as to allow certain parts of the document to display data from the Internet
  4. To vary the layout of a document within a page or between pages and then allow formatting of each part the way you want

19. Abstracts can be of two types — ___________ and ___________.

Answers:

  1. informative, descriptive
  2. descriptive, garrulous
  3. garrulous, conclusive
  4. conclusive, garrulous

20. Which of the following statements is the most correct and most effective way of writing?

Answers:

  1. The Sigma level of the processes in which a company is involved in is an indicator of how the company is faring in their business processes.
  2. Companies measure their business performance by the Sigma level of their processes.
  3. The best indicator of how a company is faring in their business processes is to see the Sigma level of their processes in which they are involved.

21. How do you insert a sound file in a Microsoft Word 2007 document?

Answers:

  1. Go to the Insert tab -> Select the Object menu option
  2. Go to the Insert tab -> Select the Sound menu option
  3. Go to the Insert tab -> Select the File menu option
  4. By right-clicking on the document and choosing the “Add sound” option

22. Using the thoughts and writings of other people and passing them as your own is known as_______.

Answers:

  1. Altruism
  2. Copying
  3. Plagiarism
  4. Hedonism
  5. Imitation

23. What nature of information does a specification document contain?

Answers:

  1. Information used by programmers
  2. Information used by amateurs in software programming
  3. Information used by a person who wants to build a product or process
  4. Information used by geeks and hackers

24. The __________ abstract should include all the important sections of the report.

Answers:

  1. garrulous
  2. feasibility
  3. descriptive
  4. informative

25. Choose the correct pronouns to fill in the blanks.
______ and ______ have always understood each other although ______ have always been in different camps.

Answers:

  1. You, I, us
  2. You, me, ourselves
  3. You, I, ourselves
  4. You, I, we

26. A legal violation of a copyright could be a(n) ___________.

Answers:

  1. Social matter
  2. Criminal matter
  3. Political matter
  4. Civil matter
  5. Academic matter

27. If you would like to enter a part number for a product in Excel, e.g., 6776736, and would like Excel to treat it as text and not a number, what should you do?

Answers:

  1. Place the character T before the number, e.g., T6776736.
  2. Place the characters TX before the number, e.g., TX6776736.
  3. Enclose the number in parentheses, e.g., (6776737).
  4. Apply the Text Format to the cell.

28. Choose the right option(s) to fill in the blank(s).

I find it very hard to remember ______ letters entrusted to me. I remember ______ to do so scores of times.

Answers:

  1. posting, to forget
  2. to post, to forget
  3. to post, forgetting
  4. posting, forgetting

29. A PDF file can be viewed if ____________ is installed.

Answers:

  1. Microsoft Office Professional Edition 2003
  2. Adobe Acrobat Reader
  3. Macromedia Flash MX
  4. WinRAR Archiver

30. Can you insert a new table inside a cell of an existing table in a Microsoft Word document?

Answers:

  1. Yes
  2. No

31. STC stands for:

Answers:

  1. Society for Technical Communication
  2. Society for Technical Contents
  3. Standard Technical Contents
  4. Standard Technical Communication

32. How can you select all the blank cells in your Excel worksheet?

Answers:

  1. This must be done manually as it cannot be automated through any built-in feature.
  2. Choose Edit -> Select -> Blank under the main menu.
  3. Choose Edit -> Go To -> Special menu option.
  4. Choose Edit -> Go To -> Go To Special dialog box -> Blanks

33. In Microsoft Excel, you select the row headings 10, 11, and 12 and then choose the menu option Insert -> Rows. What will happen?

Answers:

  1. Three new rows will be inserted after row 12.
  2. One new row will be inserted after row 12.
  3. Three new rows will be inserted after row 9.
  4. One new row will be inserted after row 9.

34. Choose the correct pronouns to fill in the blanks.

Let ______ all go for a walk except ______, because ______ is so tired.

Answers:

  1. we, she, she
  2. us, her, she
  3. us, she, she
  4. we, her, she

35. A feasibility and evaluation report is an example of:

Answers:

  1. Report topic
  2. Report type
  3. Report audience
  4. Report purpose

36. Choose the correct prepositions to fill in the blanks.
______ lack of funds, the plan fell ______.

Answers:

  1. For, down
  2. From, through
  3. For, through
  4. For, out

37. Which of the following examples of headings is most effective?

Answers:

  1. How Auto Parts can be Assembled
  2. How to Assemble Auto Parts
  3. Assembling Auto Parts
  4. The Assembling of the Auto Parts

38. Does a user guide usually contain warranties and disclaimers?

Answers:

  1. Yes
  2. No

39. Which of the following best defines RoboHELP?

Answers:

  1. It is an operating system.
  2. It is an application software that helps create “computer help files” in various formats.
  3. It is a software that assists amateurs in technical writing.
  4. It is a utility software that helps design graphics.
  5. It is a flowcharting tool.

40. State whether true or false:

Different states have different copyright laws in America.

Answers:

  1. True
  2. False

41. Choose the correct preposition to fill in the blank.
All the people injured in the accident have been admitted ______ a hospital.

Answers:

  1. in
  2. to
  3. into
  4. inside

42. What are “abstracts?”

Answers:

  1. Conclusions of the report contents
  2. Comments on the report contents
  3. Summaries of the contents of a report or a document

43. Choose the correct sentence.

Answers:

  1. A gentleman was walking along a road dressed in blue with green trees on both sides.
  2. A dressed in blue gentleman was walking along a road with green trees on both sides.
  3. A gentleman was walking along a road with green trees on both sides dressed in blue.
  4. A gentleman dressed in blue was walking along a road with green trees on both sides.

44. PDF is an acronym for:

Answers:

  1. Protected Document Format
  2. Portable Data File
  3. Portable Document Formatting
  4. Portable Document Format

45. The details of design, make, installation, and usage of a particular product are known as:

Answers:

  1. Technical reporting
  2. Technical specification
  3. Technical documentation
  4. Technical summary

46. A diamond shaped box in a flowchart signifies:

Answers:

  1. A start/end symbol
  2. A decision that must be made
  3. The flow of control
  4. Processing steps
  5. Input/output

47. Choose the correct sentence from the following:

Answers:

  1. Select your country from the drop lists in the country fields.
  2. Select your country from the drop-down list in the country’s field.
  3. Select your country from the drop-down list in the country field.
  4. Select your country from the drops-down list in the country’s field.

48. How are spelling errors displayed in Microsoft Word?

Answers:

  1. A green wavy line under the wrong spelling
  2. The word with the wrong spelling has a strike-through font.
  3. A red wavy line under the wrong spelling
  4. The color of the word with the wrong spelling will change to red.

49. A document that consists of instructions on how to use or troubleshoot a product is known as a _________.

Answers:

  1. Help guide
  2. Troubleshooting guide
  3. Design pamphlet
  4. User guide

50. Which of the following statement(s) is/are true about Technical Evaluation Reports?

Answers:

  1. The Evaluation report is also called the feasibility report.
  2. The Evaluation report mentions whether the proposed method is practically and logically possible or not.
  3. The Evaluation report always recommends the company to use the proposed method.

51. What does a Primary Research Report describe?

Answers:

  1. It describes findings and interpretation from field or laboratory research.
  2. It describes ideas about how to start a new business venture.
  3. It is a description of the operational details of a new product.
  4. It describes newly researched, potential organizational policies.

52. A document written in the ________ tense sends the message immediately and is easier to comprehend.

Answers:

  1. past
  2. present
  3. past continuous
  4. future

53. What is a “procedure?”

Answers:

  1. A list of steps that tells the user how to perform a task
  2. A description of the technical specifications
  3. A description of how a system operates

54. Which is the standard language used to create Web pages?

Answers:

  1. JavaScript
  2. Hypertext Markup Language (HTML)
  3. C
  4. C++

55. What do Functional Specifications in a technical document include?

Answers:

  1. Components that are required to create the product or service
  2. A diagrammatic representation of how the finished product will look
  3. A daily report recording the assembly of the product
  4. An illustrative representation of how the product will work once the product is built

56. A Business Plan Report usually contains:

Answers:

  1. A plan seeking to start a new business
  2. A proposal seeking approval to do a specific project
  3. A plan seeking approval to do developmental work on an existing project

57. Which of the following is a diagram drawing software application used to draw diagrams like flowcharts?

Answers:

  1. Visio
  2. Microsoft Project
  3. Photoshop
  4. Flash
  5. Oracle

58. A list of books, articles, or Web pages that a writer referenced in his document is known as:

Answers:

  1. Table of Contents
  2. Index
  3. Bibliography
  4. Glossary
  5. Foreword

59. To be a good technical writer, you have to:

Answers:

  1. Include unknown terms and non-words.
  2. Avoid jargon.
  3. Include abstract words and phrases.
  4. Use acronyms and abbreviations.

60. What does a circle indicate in a flowchart?

Answers:

  1. It indicates that a particular step is connected with some other parts of a program
  2. It indicates the beginning of the process.
  3. It indicates a decision to be taken in the process.
  4. It indicates a linear flow of the process.

61. What is the quickest way to select all the columns of a worksheet in Microsoft Excel 2007?

Answers:

  1. Click on the column heading of the first column, press Shift, and then click on the column heading of the last column.
  2. Click on the column heading of the first column, press Ctrl, and then click on the column heading of the last column.
  3. Choose Edit -> Select all from the main menu.
  4. Click on the gray rectangle on the upper left corner of the worksheet where the column headings and row headings meet.

62. The first thing you should do when you are starting out to write a technical report is to:

Answers:

  1. Decide what type of document you are required to write.
  2. Decide on the items you will put in the glossary.
  3. Write the index of the report.
  4. Write the technical specifications of the product or service you are writing about.

63. The average number of words in a sentence should be:

Answers:

  1. Between 10-20
  2. More than 30
  3. Less than 8
  4. Between 30-35

64. Documents that help to get an organization hired or approved to undertake a project are known as:

Answers:

  1. Business Proposals
  2. Business Plans
  3. Investment Plans
  4. Bidding Plans

65. What would you call a report that gives a background on a particular topic, say greenhouse gases?

Answers:

  1. Evaluation report
  2. Technical background report
  3. Technical background specifications report
  4. Secondary research background report

66. What does the term “Glossary” mean?

Answers:

  1. An ordered list of phrases.
  2. An alphabetic list of words and phrases in which each word or phrase is defined.
  3. An unordered list of words and phrases.

67. How can you resize the width or height of a picture in a Microsoft Word document?

Answers:

  1. By dragging the sizing handles that appear at the edges of the picture
  2. By altering the height and width values on the “Size” Tab available at the Format -> Picture menu
  3. By right-clicking on the picture and selecting the Format Picture dialog box. Then select the Size tab and change the height and width values.
  4. By right-clicking on the picture and choosing the “Picture Size” option

68. The _______________ appears before (and, possibly, immediately after) the table of contents in a document.

Answers:

  1. White matter
  2. White paper
  3. Front paper
  4. Front matter

69. You have to prepare an essay in Microsoft Word consisting of only 250 words. What is the most convenient way for you to count the total number of words in your document?

Answers:

  1. First justify the document (both left and right justified), then count the number of words on one line, and multiply them by the number of lines to get a rough count.
  2. Select the text that you have to count and right-click the mouse. Choose the “Word count” option.
  3. Choose the “Word count” from the Review Tab main menu.
  4. Choose the “Paragraph statistics” option under the View menu.
  5. Count each word one by one, since there is currently no tool available for counting the number of words.

70. Which of the following characters must be added before a fraction value, e.g. 1/3, to avoid entering it as a date in Microsoft Excel 2007?

Answers:

  1. F
  2. //
  3. 0 (zero)
  4. FR
  5. Space

71. State whether true or false:

A copyright in the context of authorship immediately becomes the property of the person who wrote the work.

Answers:

  1. True
  2. False

72. Which of the following date formats is NOT available when entering a date into a cell in Microsoft Excel 2007?

Answers:

  1. 2/3/2003
  2. 6-aug-2003
  3. 5th-aug-2003
  4. 5-8-03

73. As a writer, what do you do when you create a macro?

Answers:

  1. You create a shortcut for performing repetitive tasks in a program.
  2. You work on several files at the same time.
  3. You download software from the Internet that helps organize tasks.
  4. You break up work tasks into manageable parts.
  5. You combine small sub-tasks into a macro-task.

74. Choose the correct sentence:

Answers:

  1. Unless the world controls its population, mankind will continue to face one problem after another.
  2. Unless the world does not control its population, mankind will continue to face one problem after another.
  3. Unless the world controls its population, till then mankind will continue to face one problem after another.
  4. Unless the world fails to control its population, mankind will continue to face one problem after another.

75. What is a “white paper?”

Answers:

  1. An authoritative and detailed report
  2. A conclusive report
  3. A blank page on a computer screen
  4. A blue print of what a final document should look like

76. How would you describe a “process?”

Answers:

  1. A description of the steps that a user takes to perform a task
  2. A description of the overall performance of a system
  3. A description of a system or how a system operates
  4. A series of steps taken to perform an action in a task

77. Which of the following statements best describes what “minimalism” is?

Answers:

  1. Writing thin manuals and procedures
  2. Minimizing the size of manuals and procedures by omitting important information
  3. A method of documentation that avoids swamping users with irrelevant information
  4. A method of voluminous documentation of task-oriented activity

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Upwork English Language

Online Article Writing and Blogging Test (UK Version) 2016

Published by:

1. The removal of the copyright tag-line means the work is no longer protected by copyright.

Answers:

  1. True
  2. False

2. What are “Google alerts”?

Answers:

  1. A ringtone from Google
  2. A doorbell as a prize for being a loyal Google customer
  3. Pinging of your website by Google every time you use Yahoo and MSN instead of using Google
  4. A system where Google e-mails you the results of your pre-arranged search terms on a regular basis to stir your thoughts about writing blog content

3. Why is it damaging not to have functional links on your website?

Answers:

  1. You cannot prevent people from reaching the destination without doing so
  2. It could damage your brand reputation; people do not want to see a “page not found” result
  3. A person is less likely to return to your site as a repeat visitor if the links do not work
  4. b and c

4. Fooling the search engines with link farms, keyword stuffing, cloaking or alt text spamming is not a good idea because _____________________ .

Answers:

  1. it is an offence in most countries
  2. the search engines may restrict your site or future listings, or ban you altogether
  3. it could reduce the traffic to your blog
  4. All of the above

5. Can you sell your copyright?

Answers:

  1. Yes, by licensing it according to territory and time<
  2. No, it remains yours always
  3. Yes, but only in certain places, and for lengths of time up to 140 years after your death
  4. Yes, so long as someone changes his/her name to your name

6. Blog comments show up in Google searches in addition to the blog posts.

Answers:

  1. True
  2. False

7. How long does an author’s copyright – whether in print or online – last?

Answers:

  1. Until he/she dies
  2. Forever
  3. For 5 years after the publication
  4. For 40 years after he/she dies
  5. For 70 years after he/she dies

8. Why is it important to make regular postings – if not daily postings – to your blog?

Answers:

  1. To encourage a regular readership and return traffic so web robots may be able to see your blog is regularly active
  2. Not making regular postings can be harmful to your blog
  3. If you do not, it will be unplugged by the blog service provider
  4. None of the above

9. If you’re writing an article about the automotive industry, which of the following would be the best way of promoting your article?

Answers:

  1. Adding internal links within your blog that cross-reference the article
  2. Adding highly specific keywords to your pages that reference aspects of the automotive industry
  3. Contacting other automotive industry blogs and websites offering a link-exchange
  4. All of the above

10. If you write something libellous in a blog, you can still be sued for defamation despite the apparent freedom of expression on the internet.

Answers:

  1. True
  2. False

11. What does “‘ping’ your blog” mean?

Answers:

  1. To abandon it
  2. To create it from scratch
  3. To let someone know about it so they can contribute, either with postings or comments
  4. An alert that notifies the original poster of a post when someone else writes an entry concerning the original post

12. At what point does a work – whether an online blog or in print – come under copyright?

Answers:

  1. As soon as it is published
  2. As soon as the author registers the copyright
  3. As soon as the author writes “Copyright”and his/her name and date next to it
  4. As soon as it is created

13. What are the websites “cheathouse.com” and “schoolsucks.com”?

Answers:

  1. Sites where teachers can obtain their students’ papers in an educational exchange programme?
  2. Websites dedicated to stopping plagiarism on the web
  3. Websites where students can obtain papers to wrongfully use as their own, often for free
  4. A community of online papers backed by most US and UK school programmes

14. What is a “metablog”?

Answers:

  1. A highly personal, if not confessional, blog
  2. A blog about metal
  3. A blog devoted to explaining “metas”
  4. A blog about blogging

15. Why is it sometimes a good idea to create a blog independently with a host other than a free blog hosting service such as the Blogger?

Answers:

  1. You can add more intelligent interactivity such as widgets, site design, custom URLs etc
  2. You can then have two blogs and disconnect your old one
  3. You will be able to keep the old free service
  4. You will automatically get more traffic

16. In terms of keywords for promoting a website about global money, which of the following groups would be the best choice?

Answers:

  1. Football, shopping, racing, gardening
  2. 10c, 5c, dollar, 50c, quarter
  3. The World Bank, the Olympics, the US government, the UEFA Cup
  4. Dollar, yen, pound sterling, exchange rate

17. What is “podcasting”?

Answers:

  1. Making the entire blog available in a single downloadable file
  2. Redirecting traffic through a portal hidden on the blog called a “pod”
  3. Distribution of audio and other media files for download to digital music or multimedia players such as iPods
  4. Mass e-mailing for marketing purposes to promote several blogs at the same time

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